【双语文本】There are many towers in Oxford city, so it is named as “tower city“. The most famous towers are Carfax Tower, Magdalen Great Tower, Founders Tower and Tom Tower. Carfax Tower is situated in the city centre, and is the landmark of Oxford. Magdalen Great Tower is one of the oldest buildings at Magdalen College, as well as the highest tower at the College. Founders Tower is the second highest tower at Magdalen College, after Magdalen Great Tower. Tom Tower is a bell tower at the Christ Church College. In addition, the city’s other well known towers include the Saxon tower of St. Michael at the North Gate, the main tower of Christ Church Cathedral, and Radcliffe Observatory.
Carfax Tower is situated at the northwest corner of Carfax, which is regarded as the city centre of Oxford. The Tower is the only remains of St. Martin’s Church and is now owned by the Oxford City Council. It was the official City Church of Oxford between 1122 and 1896, where the Mayor and local government officials were expected to worship. In 1896，the main part of the church was demolished, and the City Church was moved to All Saints Church in the High Street. There have been three churches designated as the City Church in Oxford, including St. Martin’s Church (1122—1896), which was demolished apart from the Carfax Tower; All Saints Church (1896-1971), is now the library of Lincoln College; St. Michael at the North Gate (1971 onwards), is the present City Church. Carfax Tower is 23 meters (74ft) tall, and no building in the city centre may be constructed higher than it. It is possible to have a good view of the Oxford city on the top of the tower.
卡法克斯塔座落在牛津市中心卡法克斯的西北角。该塔是圣马丁教堂唯一的遗迹，现在归牛津市议会所有。它曾经是1122年-1896年期间牛津城官方的城市教会，市长和当地的政府官员们都会去那儿做礼拜。1896年，该教堂的主体被拆 毁，城市教会被转移到了高街的万圣会教堂。牛津城有三座教堂被指定为城市教堂，包括圣马丁教堂（1122-1896)，除了卡法克斯塔，其余部分均被拆毁;万圣会 教堂（1896-1971 ),是林肯学院现在的图书馆;北门的圣米歇尔教堂（1971-），是 当前的城市教堂。卡法克斯塔有23米（74英尺）高，根据规定，市中心的建筑都不能建得比该塔高。人们可以从这座塔的顶端看到牛津城的全貌。
Situated in the High Street, Magdalen Great Tower is a bell tower in Oxford. Started to be built in 1492，it is one of the oldest parts of Magdalen College, the university of Oxford. It dominates the eastern entrance to the city, towering over Magdalen Bridge. Its pinnacles are about 44m (144ft) high to the top, so it is considered as the tallest building in Oxford. The tower contains ten bells hung for English change ringing. At the invitation of the college, the Oxford Society of Change Ringers will ring the bells on many occasions every year. Such occasions include at significant royal and college anniversaries, as well as after some religious ceremonies in the College Chapel. At 6 a.m. every 1st May, the choir of the college, together with boy choristers from nearby Magdalen College School, sings two traditional hymns to start the May Morning celebrations in Oxford. Large crowds gather in the High Street and on Magdalen Bridge to listen the hymns, until they disperse for other activities.
Founders Tower is also a tower in Magdalen College. It is the second-highest tower in the college, after the Magdalen Great Tower. Founders Tower houses the entrance to the Old Library, and also sits the main entrance to the Cloisters. Despite the views of the college from the top of the tower, access is restricted.
Tom Tower is a bell tower in Christ Church College, the University of Oxford. It is named for its bell-Great Tom. The tower is over Tom Gate, and on the main entrance of Christ Church, which leads into Tom Quad. This square tower was designed by the 17th century famous architect Christopher Wren and built between 1681 and 1682. Wren made the tower in a late Gothic style, which had not been seen in a prominent building for a hundred and fifty years, making Tom Tower a lonely precursor of the Gothic Revival. The Gothic Revival didn’t get underway until the mid-18th century.