用户名: 密码: 验证码:    注册 | 忘记密码?
首页|听力资源|每日听力|网络电台|在线词典|听力论坛|下载频道|部落家园|在线背单词|双语阅读|在线听写|普特网校

走进牛津大学英语听力08:牛津大学的导师制(音频+文本)

2016-05-03    来源:小E    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

【牛津大学简介】牛津大学是世界十大学府之一,以美丽的大学城闻名全世界。牛津大学坐落于英格兰南部的牛津市。在牛津,处处都是优美的哥德式尖塔建筑。牛津大学是英国第一所国立大学,她为英国培育出无数的顶尖杰出人士,包括2位英国国王、26位英国首相(其中包括格莱斯顿、艾德礼、撒切尔夫人和布莱尔)、多位外国政府首脑(如美国前总统克林顿)、48位诺贝尔奖获得者以及一大批著名科学家。该大学共有30多个学院,各具特色。牛津与剑桥是英国的骄傲,二校享誉全球,其地位之特殊除渊源于英国上层社会以外,还在于其悠久的历史与独特的学制。在英国社会里,牛剑(Oxbridge)一词即是二校的简称。 

【双语文本】In the University of Oxford, teaching is conducted primarily through the tutorial system. It is one of the most unique and renowned methods of teaching across the world. The weekly tutorial consists of a one-hour meeting between the tutor and small numbers of students (usually two to four). During this time, an essay prepared specifically for that tutorial is read by students and commented upon by the tutor. At the end of the tutorial, the tutor will assign the topic of study for the forthcoming week and suggest readings. Tutorials can be considered the backbone of undergraduate teaching at Oxford. Meanwhile, they are also complemented by departmental lectures which are conducted on a university wide basis, lab work, and seminars often with groups of perhaps 10 students.

在牛津大学,教学主要是通过导师制来实施的。导师制是世界上最独特、最著名的教学方法之一。每周一次的辅导课其实就是导师和几个学生(通常是2 ~ 4 个)一小时的会面。期间,学生要宣读专门为辅导课撰写的论文,并由导师进行评论。辅导课结束的时候,导师会布置下周的研究课题,并推荐读物。辅导课被认为是牛津大学本科生教学的支柱。同时,牛津的教学还有全校各个学部的课程、 实验项目和由大约10个学生组成的研讨会作为补充。
 
Tutorials have gained their reputation because of the close relationship they maintain between the tutor and the student. The tutorial system provides undergraduates with direct and in most cases weekly contact with tutors in their academic fields. In the mean time, tutorials are also beneficial for developing students’ skills of critical analysis. Before the weekly tutorial, students are required to prepare an essay or other works, which they read or present to the tutor. During each tutorial, students are expected to communicate, debate, analyze and critique the ideas of others as well as their own in conversations with the professor and fellow-students. The tutorial system has great value that it creates learning and assessment opportunities which are highly authentic and difficult to fake, as the student’s work is discussed on the spot.
辅导课之所以能够得到大家的青睐,是因为它们使得导师和学生之间维持了一种亲密的关系。导师制为本科生提供了条件,使他们和自己学术领域内的导师能够直接接触,大部分情况下是一周见一次。同时,辅导课还有利于发展学生们的批判分析技能。在每周的辅导课前,学生们都要求准备一篇论文或其他作业,用来在课上宣读或者交给导师。在每次辅导课 上,学生们都要与导师和同学通过谈话交流、辩论、分析并评论自己和别人的观点。导师制有着巨大的价值,它为学习和评估创造了机会,使其颇具真实性,因为学生的作业都是当场讨论的。
 
The greatest advantage of the tutorial system is the individual attention that students receive. The contrast between tutorials and large lectures common in the American universities is obvious. In the typical American university, students are taught by the same specialists, in the same manner, and held to the same standards. However, during tutorials, students have the opportunity to explore their own ideas directly with experts in particular subjects. Sometimes, the student may leave a tutorial with only a reading list and the title of the next essay. As a result, students must engage in extensive independent reading and research, using the resources available, under the guidance of the tutor.
导师制最大的优点是学生能够得到个别指导。辅导课和美国大学里普通的大课形成了鲜明的对比。在典型的美国大学,学生由同样的专家用同样的方式以及同样的标准来教授知识。但是,在牛津的辅导课上,学生有机会与特定学科的专家直接探讨自己的观点和看法。有时,学生会只拿着阅读清单跟下一篇论文的题目离开辅导课。因此,学生们必须在导师的指引下利用可用的资源进行大量的独立阅读和研究。


顶一下
(2)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
手机上普特 m.putclub.com 手机上普特
[责任编辑:katee]
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 密码: 验证码:
  • 推荐文章
  • 资料下载
  • 讲座录音
普特英语手机网站
用手机浏览器输入m.putclub.com进入普特手机网站学习
查看更多手机学习APP>>