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走进牛津大学英语听力09:牛津大学的社团活动(音频+文本)

2016-05-04    来源:小E    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

【牛津大学简介】牛津大学是世界十大学府之一,以美丽的大学城闻名全世界。牛津大学坐落于英格兰南部的牛津市。在牛津,处处都是优美的哥德式尖塔建筑。牛津大学是英国第一所国立大学,她为英国培育出无数的顶尖杰出人士,包括2位英国国王、26位英国首相(其中包括格莱斯顿、艾德礼、撒切尔夫人和布莱尔)、多位外国政府首脑(如美国前总统克林顿)、48位诺贝尔奖获得者以及一大批著名科学家。该大学共有30多个学院,各具特色。牛津与剑桥是英国的骄傲,二校享誉全球,其地位之特殊除渊源于英国上层社会以外,还在于其悠久的历史与独特的学制。在英国社会里,牛剑(Oxbridge)一词即是二校的简称。 

【双语文本】There are rich extracurricular activities at Oxford, which is one of the University of Oxford’s special features, and the main reason of attracting students. Nowadays, there are more than 200 clubs and societies in the Oxford University, including not only debating society, religious society and academic society, but also sports clubs such as dance club, music club and drama club. Students may take part in a variety of clubs and societies according to their own interests. At the meantime, they may also participate in all sorts of activities, which are held mainly by colleges of the University to enrich students’ extracurricular activities, as well as to provide students with condition of developing their hobbies.

牛津大学有着丰富多彩的课外活动,这是牛津大学的一大特色和吸引学生的重要原因。牛津大学现200 多个俱乐部和社团组织,既有辩论、宗教、学术方面的组织,又有舞蹈、音乐、戏剧方面的体育娱乐性组织。 学生们可以根据自己的兴趣爱好加人各种倶乐部和社团组织。同时,他们还可以参加各种课外活动,这些活动主要是由牛津大学各学院组织的,以此来丰富学生的课外生活,并为学生提供发展兴趣爱好的条件。
 
The Oxford Union Society, referred to simply as the Oxford Union, is a debating society in the Oxford city. Established in 1823,it is Britain’s second oldest university union after the Cambridge Union Society, and has gained a worldwide reputation for the cut and thrust of its debate. Since its foundation, it has been independent of the University because of various historical reasons. Its membership is primarily from the Oxford University, and only members of the University are eligible to become life members of the Union. Members entitled to join for the duration of their time in Oxford are students from certain other educational institutions, including Oxford Brookes University, Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies, Oxford Centre for Postgraduate Hebrew Studies, Ripon College, Ruskin College, and St. Stephen’s House. Shorter membership is also extended to the participants of some visiting study programmes in Oxford.The Oxford Union provides a valuable training ground for many future politicians from Britain and other countries. Notable politicians, who are former debaters of the Union, include the former British Prime Ministers Herbert Henry Asquith and Edward Heath, the former Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto, Indian chief economic planner Montek Singh Ahluwalia, and so on. The Oxford Union has been described as the world’s most prestigious debating society.
牛津联盟社团,简称为牛津联盟,是牛津城的一个辩论社团。它始建于1823年,是英国历史上仅次于剑桥 联合会的历史最悠久的大学联盟。它因选手们在辩论会上出色的表现而享誉世界。 自成立以来,牛津联盟便因种种历史原因从牛津大学中独立出来。牛津联盟的成员主要来自牛津大学,也只有来自牛津大学的会员才符合成为该联盟终身会员的条件。有资格在逗留牛津市期间加入该联盟的会员来自几个特定的教育机构,包括牛津布鲁克斯大学、牛津伊斯兰研究中心、牛津研究生希伯来语研究中心、雷盆学院、斯金学院和圣斯蒂芬学院。牛津大学访问学习项目的参与者还可以申请 成为短期会员。牛津联盟为英国以及其他国家未来的政治家们提供了宝贵的训练平台。曾经是该联盟辩手的知名政治家有英国前首相赫伯特•亨利•阿斯奎斯和爱德华•希思、巴基斯坦前总理贝娜齐尔•布托、以及印度首席经济规划师蒙特克•辛 格•阿卢瓦利亚等。牛津联盟被认为是全球最著名的辩论社团。
 
The Oxford University Newman Society, established in 1878,is the University of Oxford’s oldest Roman Catholic organization. Its name is a tribute to John Henry Cardinal Newman, who advanced the cause of Catholicism at Oxford. It exists to promote Catholic faith and culture within the University, and has served as the model for Catholic student societies throughout the English-speaking world. The Oxford University Scientific Society is a student scientific society at the Oxford University, aiming to bring together undergraduates of the University to discuss scientific matters. Founded in 1882 as the Oxford University Junior Scientific Club, it is one of the oldest undergraduate science societies in the world.
牛津大学纽曼社团成立于1878年,是牛津大学最古老的罗马天主教组织。它的名称是为了表示对红衣主教约翰•亨利•纽曼的敬意,是纽曼把天主教引进了牛 津。它的成立是为了将天主教的信仰和文化在牛津大学发扬光大。纽曼社团还充当着整个英语世界天主教学生社团典范的角色。牛津大学科学社团是牛津大学的一个学生科学社团,目的是将该大学的本科生聚集起来一起探讨科学方面的问题。 它于1882年以牛津大学初级科学俱乐部的身份成立,是世界上最早的本科生科学社团之一。
 
In addition, there are a great many clubs in Oxford University, as the Oxford University Boat Club, which races against the Cambridge University Boat Club in the Boat Race on the Thames in London each year. Boat clubs also exist at some Colleges, including University College Oxford Boat Club, Hertford College Boat Club, Balliol College Boat Club, Brasenose College Boat Club, Jesus College Boat Club, Pembroke College Boat Club, as well as Mansfield College Boat Club. Other clubs includes Oxford University Cricket Club, Oxford University Dance sport Club, Oxford University Chess Club, and so on.
此外,牛津大学还有很多俱乐部,比如牛津大学赛艇倶乐部,它每年都与剑 桥大学赛艇俱乐部在伦敦的泰晤士河进行比赛。有些学院也有赛艇俱乐部,包括大学学院牛津赛艇俱乐部、赫特福德学院赛艇俱乐部、贝利奥尔学院赛艇俱乐部、 布雷齐诺斯学院赛艇俱乐部、耶稣学院赛艇俱乐部、彭布罗克学院赛艇俱乐部、 以及曼斯菲尔德学院赛艇俱乐部。其他的俱乐部包括牛津大学板球俱乐部、牛津大学体育舞蹈俱乐部、牛津大学象棋俱乐部等。


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