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走进牛津大学英语听力18:为什么要在牛津大学学习(音频+文本)

2016-05-18    来源:小E    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

【牛津大学简介】牛津大学是世界十大学府之一,以美丽的大学城闻名全世界。牛津大学坐落于英格兰南部的牛津市。在牛津,处处都是优美的哥德式尖塔建筑。牛津大学是英国第一所国立大学,她为英国培育出无数的顶尖杰出人士,包括2位英国国王、26位英国首相(其中包括格莱斯顿、艾德礼、撒切尔夫人和布莱尔)、多位外国政府首脑(如美国前总统克林顿)、48位诺贝尔奖获得者以及一大批著名科学家。该大学共有30多个学院,各具特色。牛津与剑桥是英国的骄傲,二校享誉全球,其地位之特殊除渊源于英国上层社会以外,还在于其悠久的历史与独特的学制。在英国社会里,牛剑(Oxbridge)一词即是二校的简称。 

【双语文本】The University of Oxford has attracted the world’s best and brightest students all the time since it was established. At present, students from 138 countries are studying at Oxford, What makes them choose to study in the University? There are academic and nonacademic reasons. The University has a world wide reputation for academic excellence. It is one of the few universities in the world that bases its teaching on the tutorial system, which provides students with highly personalised teaching and support. That is to say, students can receive more individual attention from their tutors. Moreover, many Oxford tutors are international experts in their research fields, which gives students the chance to discuss their subject with a world leader in the field.

自建校以来,牛津大学就一直吸引着世界各地的精英。目前,全世界有来自 138个国家的学生在牛津大学学习。他们为什么选择来牛津大学学习呢?这有着学术和非学术两方面的原因。牛津大学因杰出的学术水平而著称于世。它是世界上为数不多的几个将导师制作为教学策略的大学之一。导师制可以为学生提供极富个性化的教学和指导,也就是说,学生们可以从他们的导师那里得到更多的个别指导。此外,牛津大学的很多导师都是他们所在领域的国际知名专家,这就为学生创造了与其专业内的著名学者共同探讨课题的机会。
 
Nonacademic reasons include facilities and services, student finds recreation, commodation, and so on. There are a wealth of facilities and services being available to all students at Oxford, incuding unrivalled libraries, museums, language center and computing services. Some facilities are provided by its colleges, while others are provided by the University. Oxford University has more than 100 libraries, which are divided into college libraries, subject-based libraries and research libraries. Almost all colleges have their own libraries, with a large number of academic books. In addition, there are also some subject-based libraries providing many specialist and advanced materials. The research libraries cater to the research community but also open to undergraduates. They, include Radcliffe Science Library, Sackler Library, Bodleian Social Science Library, Taylor Institution Library and Bodleian Law Library.
非学术原因包括设施和服务、学生基金、娱乐休闲及住宿等。牛津大学为所有的学生提供了很多设施和服务,包括无与伦比的图书馆、博物馆、语言中心和计算机服务等。有些设施是由学院提供的,其余的则由牛津大学来提供。牛津大学有100多个图书馆,被分为学院图书馆、专业图书馆和学术研究图书馆。几乎所有的学院都有自己的图书馆并拥有大量的学术书籍。另外,还有一些提供专业髙端资料的专业图书馆。学术研究图书馆主要为科研人员服务,但也对本科生开放。它们包括拉德克里夫科学图书馆、萨克勒图书馆、社会科学图书馆、泰勒机构图书馆和法律图书馆。
 
Oxford University also has the second largest library in the UK, Bodleian Library, which has more than 8,000,000 volumes. Oxford has lots of museums, such as the Ashmolean Musium, Oxford University Museum of Natual History, Pitt Rivers Museum and Museum of the History of Science. These museums own a large number of collections of international importance, which are treasurable databanks for teaching, research and study. The Language Centre has text, audio, video and computer-based material in some 140 languages. The University also has outstanding IT facilities. Most departments and colleges have computer rooms, providing network access and computing support for their staff and students.
牛津大学还拥有英国第二大图书馆——牛津大学图书馆, 它拥有800多万卷藏书。牛津大学有很多博物馆,例如:阿什莫尔博物馆、牛津大学自然历史博物馆、毕兹瑞佛斯博物馆和科学史博物馆。这些博物馆收藏了大量的世界级重点文物,是教学、科研与学习的宝库。语言中心有大约140种语言的文字、音频、视频和计算机资料。牛津大学还有高级的资讯设备。大部分系和学院都有计算机房,为教职员工和学生提供网络接入和计算机支持。


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