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走进牛津大学英语听力19:牛津剑桥赛艇对抗赛(音频+文本)

2016-05-19    来源:小E    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

【牛津大学简介】牛津大学是世界十大学府之一,以美丽的大学城闻名全世界。牛津大学坐落于英格兰南部的牛津市。在牛津,处处都是优美的哥德式尖塔建筑。牛津大学是英国第一所国立大学,她为英国培育出无数的顶尖杰出人士,包括2位英国国王、26位英国首相(其中包括格莱斯顿、艾德礼、撒切尔夫人和布莱尔)、多位外国政府首脑(如美国前总统克林顿)、48位诺贝尔奖获得者以及一大批著名科学家。该大学共有30多个学院,各具特色。牛津与剑桥是英国的骄傲,二校享誉全球,其地位之特殊除渊源于英国上层社会以外,还在于其悠久的历史与独特的学制。在英国社会里,牛剑(Oxbridge)一词即是二校的简称。 

【双语文本】

The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race is a rowing race in Britain between the two oldest universities in the world: the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The Boat Race is held between the Oxford University Boat Club and the Cambridge University Boat Club on the Thames in London. Traditionally, members of both teams are in blue dress, yet Oxford in dark blue and Cambridge in light blue, so they are respectively known as “Dark Blue” and “Light Blue”. The first race was in 1829 and it has been held annually since 1856,except during the two world wars. It takes place generally on the last Saturday of March or the first Saturday of April. The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race is also known as the University Boat Race.
牛津剑桥赛艇对抗赛是在英国举办的赛艇比赛,参赛者是世界上历史最悠久的两所学校——牛津大学和剑桥大学。该赛事由牛津大学赛艇俱乐部和剑桥大学赛艇俱乐部在伦敦的泰晤士河上举行。依照传统,比赛双方均着蓝衣,但牛津队 颜色较深,剑桥队颜色较浅,因此两队分别被称为“深蓝”和“浅蓝”。首次比赛是在1829年,自1856年以来每年举办一次,两次世界大战期间除外。它一般是在三月的最后一个星期六或四月的第一个星期六举行。牛津剑桥赛艇对抗赛,又被称作大学赛艇对抗赛。
 
The Boat Race was started in 1829 by a student at St. John’ College of Cambridge, and his school friend who was at Oxford. Cambridge challenged Oxford to a race at Henley-on-Thames. The second race occurred in 1836,with the venue moved to London. During the following couple of years, there was disagreement over where the race should be held, with Oxford preferring Henley and Cambridge preferring London. It was not until the formation of the Oxford University Boat Club that the race between the two universities resumed. Finally, the tradition continues to the present day with the loser challenging the winner to a re-match annually. The most recent race was on Saturday, 3 April 2010 at 4:30 p.m., with the Cambridge Rowing Team being the winner.
1829年,剑桥大学圣约翰学院的一名学生和他牛津大学的校友首次发起牛津剑桥赛艇对抗赛。剑桥大学向牛津大学发起挑战,要在泰晤士河畔的亨利进行一场赛艇对抗赛。第二次赛事于1836年举行,比赛地点转移到了伦敦。在接下来 的几年,双方就比赛的举办地问题产生了分歧:牛津偏爱亨利,而剑桥更喜欢伦敦。直到牛津大学赛艇俱乐部成立,两校之间的比赛才重新开始。最终,这个传统一直延续到了今天,每年由输的一方向赢的一方提出挑战。最近的一次比赛是 在2010年4月3日下午4点半举行的,剑挢赛艇队获胜。
 
The race is a competition between two eights, with the course of totally 6,779 meters from Putney to Mortlake upstream, and is timed to start on the incoming flood tide. An Eight is a rowing boat used in the sport of competitive rowing, which is designed for eight rowers and a cox. Each of the eight rowers has one oar, with four rowers on their right hand side and the other four on their left hand side. The rowers are seated in the opposite direction of the racing course, yet the cox seated at the stem of the boat faces the boat’s forward direction, steering the boat with a rudder and conducting the rowers. The Boat Race has already been one of the Britain’s,even the World’s, most popular events. The event was broadcast live by the BBC annually before 2005. However, after that, the BBC handed over broadcasting rights to ITV until 2010, when ITV returned the rights to the BBC. Each year, approximately 250,000 people watch the race live from the banks of the river. Moreover, far more than 20 million audience watch the event live on TV around the world. By 2010,the Cambridge Rowing Team had been victorious 80 times, and the Oxford Rowing Team had won 75 times, with only one dead heat in 1877.
该比赛为两条八人单桨有舵手赛艇之间的对抗,路线全长6779米,由帕特尼逆流而上到模特莱克,并在当日涨潮时举行。八人单桨有舵手赛艇是在赛艇竞技运动中使用的一种小艇,每条赛艇由8名桨手和1名舵手组成。每名架手持一 条桨,4名桨手右手持桨,另外4名桨手左手持桨。桨手们背朝船的前进方向坐于船上,而位于船尾的舵手面向船的前进方向,利用船舵操控船的方向并指挥桨手。该赛事巳经成为英国、乃至全世界的经典赛事之一。2005年之前,每年的赛程由BBC进行现场直播。但是,在那之后,BBC将广播权移交给了 ITV,直到 2010年ITV才将广播权归还BBC。每年,约有25万人在岸边现场观战。此外, 观看现场直播的观众在全球也超过2000万。截止到2010年,剑桥赛艇队获胜80 次,牛津赛艇队获胜75次,仅在1877年有一次打平。


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