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走进牛津大学英语听力20:撒切尔夫人的牛津寒窗(音频+文本)

2016-05-19    来源:小E    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

【牛津大学简介】牛津大学是世界十大学府之一,以美丽的大学城闻名全世界。牛津大学坐落于英格兰南部的牛津市。在牛津,处处都是优美的哥德式尖塔建筑。牛津大学是英国第一所国立大学,她为英国培育出无数的顶尖杰出人士,包括2位英国国王、26位英国首相(其中包括格莱斯顿、艾德礼、撒切尔夫人和布莱尔)、多位外国政府首脑(如美国前总统克林顿)、48位诺贝尔奖获得者以及一大批著名科学家。该大学共有30多个学院,各具特色。牛津与剑桥是英国的骄傲,二校享誉全球,其地位之特殊除渊源于英国上层社会以外,还在于其悠久的历史与独特的学制。在英国社会里,牛剑(Oxbridge)一词即是二校的简称。 

【双语文本】Margaret Thatcher, who was born on the 13th October, 1925 served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. Born to parents who worked as grocery shopkeepers, they taught her the value of saving money using conservative means. When they took a vacation, they would do so separately, so that their store was always in business. Following in her father’s footsteps, Margaret felt an early desire to lead people to better not only themselves, but also their situation. Having attended Huntingtower Road Primary School, she won a scholarship to Kesteven and Grantham Girls,School. Her school reports show hard work and commitment,but not brilliance. Outside the classroom she played hockey and also enjoyed swimming and walking. Finishing school during the Second World War, she applied for a scholarship to attend Somerville College, Oxford. She went to Oxford in 1943 and studied Natural Sciences, specializing in Chemistry. She finally received a postgraduate Bachelor of Science degree in 1947. After graduating, she worked as a research chemist while attempting to become a Conservative Party candidate in Dart ford.
玛格丽特撒切尔生于1925年10月13日,她在1979年至1990年期间担任英国首相,同时在1975年至1990年间担任保守党领袖。从小,开杂货铺的父母就灌输给她一种价值观,那就是用保守的方式存钱。撒切尔和她的家人总是分开外出旅行,因为这样的话他们的杂货店就能一直保持营业了。受其父的影响,撒切尔小小年纪就有想救人于贫苦的愿望。从猎人塔路小学毕业之后,她考上了凯斯特文格兰瑟姆女子学校,并获得了奖学金。然而她的中学成绩单显示她虽刻苦努力,但并非出类拔萃。课余时间,她喜欢打曲棍球、游泳和散步。“二战”期间,撒切尔高中毕业,并申请了奖学金去牛津大学萨默维尔学院读书。1943年,撒切尔进入牛津大学攻读自然科学,主修化学。1947年,她最终获得牛津大学授予的化学硕士学位。毕业后,她一边做化学研究员,一边为成为达特福德的保守党候选人而努力。
 
It can be said that the experience in Oxford laid foundation for Thatcher’s later political life. Thatcher said in her autobiography, “I went to take examination in Oxford in a chilly winter. This was the first time that I grasped a clear face of Oxford. Before then, I had little impression of the College I was going to study in, let alone the university as a whole. Then I was admitted and became a formal member of the university. ...If I were allowed to use one word to describe the full view of Somerville College,that will be ‘simple’. It was so simple that the people passing by would never imagine that it was the renowned Somerville College...” “My life in Oxford could be more varied and colorful. But I was poor then. If it were not for my helpful supervisor, the chemist Dorothy Hodgkin, who always recommended me for some scholarships, I even could not make ends meet,Besides, I was also supported financially by some educational funds. Therefore, most of my time was spent in learning.” “When I graduated from Oxford, I had got a perfect understanding about the world, especially politics. My character never changed, so did my faith. But I mastered the ability of how to handle the ambitions and opinions of others. In a word, I had grown up. This mysterious process brings people to all kinds of occupations, celebrated or mediocre. Fortunately, I figured out what was the thing that I really want to do in the future,”
可以说,在牛津读书的经历为撒切尔日后的政治生涯奠定了基础。她在自传中写道:“我是在一个隆冬的严寒中去参加牛津的入学考试的。这是我第一次对牛津有全方位的了解。之前,我对我将要就读的学院知之甚少,对整所大学的了解就更有限了。后来我被录取了,成为了这所学校的一分子。……如果让我用一个词来形容萨默维尔的全貌的话,那就是‘朴实’。她的外表是那么的朴实低调, 以至于很多经过这里的人都不知道这就是大名鼎鼎的萨默维尔学院……” “我的牛津生涯本来可以更丰富多彩些,但那时我手头不富裕,若不是我的导师——乐于助人的化学家多萝西`霍奇金总是向学校建议让我获得一些奖学金,我将入不敷 出。此外,我还得到了一些教育基金的资助。基于这些情况,我的大部分时间都在啃书本。” “从牛津毕业之际,我对大千世界,尤其是政治局势的情况已了解不少。我的性格依然如故,信仰也一如既往。但我已经能够很好地对待他人的雄心和意见了。简言之,我长大了。这个神秘的过程把人们带向种种显赫的或者平庸的职业。幸运的是,我找到了自己此生真正想要去做的事情。”


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