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走进牛津大学英语听力22:钱钟书的牛津轶事(音频+文本)

2016-06-01    来源:小E    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

【牛津大学简介】牛津大学是世界十大学府之一,以美丽的大学城闻名全世界。牛津大学坐落于英格兰南部的牛津市。在牛津,处处都是优美的哥德式尖塔建筑。牛津大学是英国第一所国立大学,她为英国培育出无数的顶尖杰出人士,包括2位英国国王、26位英国首相(其中包括格莱斯顿、艾德礼、撒切尔夫人和布莱尔)、多位外国政府首脑(如美国前总统克林顿)、48位诺贝尔奖获得者以及一大批著名科学家。该大学共有30多个学院,各具特色。牛津与剑桥是英国的骄傲,二校享誉全球,其地位之特殊除渊源于英国上层社会以外,还在于其悠久的历史与独特的学制。在英国社会里,牛剑(Oxbridge)一词即是二校的简称。 

【双语文本】 Qian Zhongshu, a Chinese Literary scholar and writer, was born on the 21st November, 1910,Wuxi, Jiangsu. He is known for his burning wit and formidable erudition. His achievement in literature, ancient learning,comparative literature, and Cultural Critique was dubbed the title of “Qian Xue". Qian was accepted into the Department of Foreign Languages of Tsinghua University in 1929 because of his excellent performance in Chinese and English languages. He graduated with honors four years later. In 1935, Qian received government sponsorship to further his studies at Exeter College, Oxford in Britain. In the same year, he married Yangjiang, who was to become a successful translator and playwright. After returning to China in 1938, he taught in many schools due to the unstable situation during the Second Sino-Japanese War. In 1949, when the People’s Republic of China was founded, he was appointed a professor in his alma mater Tsinghua University. He was instated as the deputy director of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in his old age, and died at the age of 88.

钱钟书,中国文学研究家、作家,1910年11月21日出生于江苏无锡,以惊 人的才智和博学著称。他在文学、国学、比较文学及文化批评等领域都取得了巨 大的成就,被冠以“钱学”的称号。1929年,鉴于他出色的汉语和英语水平,钱 钟书被清华大学外国语学院录取。四年后,他以优异的成绩毕业。1935年,钱钟 书考取了国家公费留学资格,留学英国牛津大学艾克赛特学院,同年与未来的著 名翻译家、作家杨绛结婚。1938年回国后,由于当时抗日战争的动荡局势,他曾 在多所高校任教。1949年新中国成立后,钱钟书被母校清华大学聘为教授。晚年 就职于中国社会科学院任副院长,并于88岁与世长辞。
 
After spending two years to study English Literature at Exeter College, Qian received his Bachelor of Literature. During this period, he spent almost all his time reading, including a variety of books as literature, philosophy, history, psychology, as well as a large amount of western modem novels. There is the best library all around the world in Oxford- Bodleian Library, which contains not only the tremendous central library but also dozens of special libraries around it. Thanks to his formidable erudition, Qian was employed as the contributing editor of Oxford Eastern Philosophy, Religion, and Art books. Being connected with his knowledge, there is an anecdote. It is recorded that he read his family name as Tieins,avoiding to be misunderstand as “dog”. At that time, it was common for Chinese to write their names in Pinyin Romanization. His family name “qian” was spelled as “Ch,ien” in Pinyin Romanization, and westerners were prone to pronounce it similar to “shan",which was the pronunciation of “dog” in. French. If had not known French, Qian won’t do this kind of thing, which accurately proved his formidable erudition.
钱钟书在艾克赛特学院攻读英国文学两年后,获得了文学硕士学位。留学期 间,他研心苦读,博览文学、哲学、史学、心理学等各 方面的书籍,包括大量的西方现代小说。牛津大学拥有 世界一流的图书馆——牛津大学图书馆。牛津大学不仅 有规模庞大的中心图书馆,而且在其周围建有几十个专 题图书馆。由于钱钟书的知识面极宽,“牛津大学东方哲 学、宗教、艺术丛书”曾聘任他为特约编辑。有一件发 生在牛津大学的趣事,也与他的博学有关。据记载,钱 钟书把自己的姓念作Tieins,以免被误解为“狗”。当时,中国人通用罗马拼音写姓名,他的姓“钱”的罗马拼音 拼法是Ch’ien。西方人很容易把它读得类似于“闪”的发音,这正是法语中“狗” 字的发音。如果他不懂法语,也就不会有这样的趣事了,由此可见钱钟书学问之 渊博。
 
Qian wrote English with a free pen, which had a close relationship with the strict training of his tutorial in Oxford. The highest advantage of Oxford is keeping the old tutorial system, one tutorial teaching one or two students. One benefit of the tutorial system is that students receive direct feedback in a small discussion setting. Tutorials were assigned by the school when they entered and Qian’s tutorial was Brett Smith, In the first year, they were asked to practice writing. Brett Smith was extremely rigorous, and required that the essays must be clear and brief, novelty is also necessary. Generally speaking, Qian benefited a lot from the special tutorial system.
钱钟书运用英文挥洒自如,这都跟在牛津大学时导师的严格训练有着密切关系。牛津大学最大的优点是保留着古老的导师制,一个导师带一两个学生。导师 制的好处在于通过小组讨论,学生们能得到直接的指导。导师是学生人学时由校 方指定的,钱钟书的导师名叫布瑞特?斯密斯。第一年训练作文,导师对他的要 求非常严格,他要求写文章要清楚、简约,尤其是要选题新颖。总之,这个特别 的导师制使钱钟书获益匪浅。 


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