英文释义 (adjective) Unreasonably stubborn; not willing to change opinions; hardened against either feeling or logic./ ADJ If you describe someone as obdurate, you think that they are being unreasonable in their refusal to change their decision or opinion. 执拗的; 顽固不化的
EXAMPLE: Regardless of their hard work or loyalty to the company, the obdurate old owner refused to treat his employees kindly or fairly.
Parts of the administration may be changing but others have been obdurate defenders of the status quo.
短语 the nineteenth hole
中文释义 第十九洞（高尔夫球俱乐部的酒吧间，指赛后喝酒聊天的场所） （成语）
英文释义 (IDIOM) A bar serving alcohol that is located close to the end of an eighteen-hole golf course.
EXAMPLE: When they play golf and lose, my friends go immediately to the nineteenth hole for a beer.