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常见书写规则:英文邮件中的术语

2015-11-23    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

常见书写规则:英文邮件中的术语

你每天会收到多少封电子邮件?虽然打电话和发短信都能交流,但在工作中和交往中邮件仍很重要。学习用英语写电子邮件无疑是提高英语重要一环。首先我们看看如何看懂和理解英语邮件的术语和表达。

The purpose of the emai l判断电子邮件的目的以决定如何回应

1.To inform 提供信息

The sender of the email wants to tell the receiver about something such as a new show coming to London. It might contain a link to the theatre. Generally speaking no reply is necessary。It can be a group email sent to a circle of friends for example.

发邮件的人想把什么事情告诉收件人。比如,伦敦将上映一场新剧目并附上剧院链接。一般情况下不需要回复。可能是群发,比如发在朋友圈上。

举例:

Dear all,

Hope you are all well. Just to let you know that The China National Peking Opera is coming to London at the end of November to perform classical Peking Opera and the show will only be on for three days, so grab your tickets soon. Here is the link xxx

各位:

希望大家都好。告诉你们一声,中国国家京剧院将于11月底来伦敦表演中国古典京剧。只演出三天,快订票啦。这是链接xxx

2.To Inquire 询问

The sender needs some information and is expecting a reply. For example, ask Airline Company for travel rules and regulationsregarding children.

发邮件的人需要了解一些信息并期待回复。比如,询问航空公司对未成年孩子旅行的要求和规定。

举例:

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writing to inquire about the rules regarding children travelling alone. For instance, can a 15 year old child travel onAir China alone? What should we do if there is not an adult to accompany the child?

I look forward to your advice

尊敬的先生/女士:

我写信想询问贵公司对未成年儿童单独旅行的规定。比如,一名15岁儿童能不能单独乘坐中国航空公司飞机旅行?如果没有成人陪伴怎么办?

我期待收到您的建议。

3.To request 请求

The third scenario is asking for permission to do something, such as an annual leave request at workor asking for permission to work from home.

第三种情况是发邮件提出请求和批准。比如请年假或因照顾家提出在家里工作申请。

举例:

Dear Ruth,

I'm writing to see if it is possible for me to work from home on Fridays for the next 2years. My wife is part-time so she can pick up the kids Monday to Thursday. But she can'tdo Fridays when she needs to be in the office all day.

I would be most grateful if you could consider my request.

Thanks,

Benjamin

亲爱的 Ruth:

我不知道可不可申请在接下来的两年时间内每周五在家工作。我妻子现在是兼职,她可以星期一到星期四负责接送孩子。但是星期五她不行,因为她要在办公室工作一整天时间。

如果您能考虑我的请求我将非常感谢。

谢谢

Benjamin

4.Stay in touch.保持联系

Writing to say hello for the purpose of maintaining social connections, friendship and perhaps future collaboration.

写封邮件问问好。目的是保持来往、友谊或者是为未来合作保持联系。

举例:

Hi Alan,

How are you doing with your new house? It's a gigantic job for one person but you are a superman of course!

I went to Singapore for a conference in September and to Washington for the annual IMF meeting shortly after. I have been so busy that I have not played any sports for two months!

Let me know when you will be free so we can have a game of squash and a drink.

Best,

Harry

Alan,你好:

你的新房子搞得怎样啦?一个人装修一套房子可是个巨大工程呀,不过你不同你是个超人啊。

我9月份去新加坡参加会议,接着,就是十月份去华盛顿参加国际货币基金组织的年会。我一直特别忙,有两个月都没怎么运动过!

看看你什么时候有时间,咱们一起去打场壁球,然后去酒吧喝上一杯呀。

祝好

Harry

我9月去新家坡参加会议,接着就去华盛顿参加每年一度的国际货币基金组织的年会,一直特忙,已经有两个月没运动啦。

你什么时候你有时间打个招呼我们可以一起去打场壁球,然后去酒吧喝上一杯。

祝好

Harry



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