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计算机英语会话11:计算机软件(3)(音频)

2015-10-12    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
Professional Terms
专业术语
 
accompany vt.
伴随,陪伴
 
documentation n.
文件
 
package n.
包,包裹
 
professional a.
职业的,业务的,专业的
 
Software is made up of a group of related programs.
软件是由一组组相互有关的程序组成的,
 
each of which is a group of related instructions that perform very specific processing tasks.
其中的每一个程序都是一组相关指令,而每组指令都将执行极为特定的处理任务。
 
Software acquired to perform a general business function is often referred to as a software package.
用来执行一般商务功能的软件通常称为软件包。
 
Software packages, which are usually created by professional software writers.
软件包一般均由软件专业人员编写,
 
are accompanied by documentation that explains how to use the software.
软件包都带有文档,文档是用来解释如何使用这个软件。
 
Software can generally be divided into two categories:(1)systems software and (2)applications software.
软件一般可分为两类:(1)系统软件;(2)应用软件。
 
systems software
系统软件
 
Programs designed to allow the computer to manage its own resources are called systems software.
为使计算机管理本身资源而设计的程序称为系统软件。
 
This software runs the basic operations;
这种软件执行基本的操作;
 
it tells the hardware what to do and how and when to do it.
它告诉硬件去做什么,如何做和何时做。
 
Notes
注意事项
 
This software runs the basic operation; it tells the hardware what to do and how and when to do it.
这类软件执行计算机的一些基本操作;它告诉硬件要作些什么,如何做以及什么时候做。
 
However, it does not solve specific problems relating to a business or a profession.
但是它不解决有关某个工商企业或某个专业的特定问题。
 
For example, systems software will not process a prediction of what your company's tax bill will be next year.
比如,系统软件不会对贵公司明年的税单进行预测,
 
but it will tell the computer where to store the data used during processing.
但是它将告诉计算机在数据处理过程中,所用的数据该放在何处。
 
systems software will not process the creation of the animation strip for your next film,
系统软件也不会去处理有关你的下一部电影动画片的创作,
 
but it will manage how it is output.
但它将管理动画片如何输出。


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