Baggage referred to in this Chapter includes both checked baggage and the carry-on articles of the passenger.
The carrier shall be liable for the destruction or loss of, or damage to, any cargo if the occurrence took place during the transport by air;
provided that the carrier is not liable if he proves that the destruction or loss of, or damage to, the cargo resulted solely from one or more of the following:
(1) Inherent defect, quality or vice of that cargo;
(2) Defective packing of that cargo performed by a person other than the carrier or his servants or agents;
(3) An act of war or an armed conflict; or
(4) An act of public authority carried out in connection with the entry, exit or transit of the cargo.