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双语:联合国宪章(3)

2015-11-18    来源:联合国    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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 CHAPTER III: ORGANS

Article 7
There are established as principal organs of the United Nations: a General Assembly, a Security Council, an Economic and Social Council, a Trusteeship Council, an International Court of Justice and a Secretariat.
Such subsidiary organs as may be found necessary may be established in accordance with the present Charter.
 
Article 8
The United Nations shall place no restrictions on the eligibility of men and women to participate in any capacity and under conditions of equality in its principal and subsidiary organs.
 
CHAPTER IV: THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
 
COMPOSITION
Article 9
The General Assembly shall consist of all the Members of the United Nations.
Each Member shall have not more than five representatives in the General Assembly.
 
FUNCTIONS and POWERS
Article 10
The General Assembly may discuss any questions or any matters within the scope of the present Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any organs provided for in the present Charter, and, except as provided in Article 12, may make recommendations to the Members of the United Nations or to the Security Council or to both on any such questions or matters.
 
Article 11
The General Assembly may consider the general principles of co-operation in the maintenance of international peace and security, including the principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments, and may make recommendations with regard to such principles to the Members or to the Security Council or to both.
The General Assembly may discuss any questions relating to the maintenance of international peace and security brought before it by any Member of the United Nations, or by the Security Council, or by a state which is not a Member of the United Nations in accordance with Article 35, paragraph 2, and, except as provided in Article 12, may make recommendations with regard to any such questions to the state or states concerned or to the Security Council or to both. Any such question on which action is necessary shall be referred to the Security Council by the General Assembly either before or after discussion.
The General Assembly may call the attention of the Security Council to situations which are likely to endanger international peace and security.
The powers of the General Assembly set forth in this Article shall not limit the general scope of Article 10.
Article 12
While the Security Council is exercising in respect of any dispute or situation the functions assigned to it in the present Charter, the General Assembly shall not make any recommendation with regard to that dispute or situation unless the Security Council so requests.
The Secretary-General, with the consent of the Security Council, shall notify the General Assembly at each session of any matters relative to the maintenance of international peace and security which are being dealt with by the Security Council and shall similarly notify the General Assembly, or the Members of the United Nations if the General Assembly is not in session, immediately the Security Council ceases to deal with such matters.

 第三章

第七条

一、兹设联合国之主要机关如下:大会、安全理事会、经济及社会理事会、托管理事会、国际法院、及秘书处。
 
二、联合国得依本宪章设立认为必需之辅助机关。
 
第八条
联合国对于男女均得在其主要及辅助机关在平等条件之下,充任任何职务,不得加以限制。
 
第四章:大会
 
组织
第九条
一、大会由联合国所有会员国组织之。
 
二、每一会员国在大会之代表,不得超过五人。
 
职权
第十条
大会得讨论本宪章范围内之任何问题或事项,或关于本宪章所规定任何大会之职权;并除第十二条所规定外,得向联合国会员国或安全理事会或兼向两者,提出对各该问题或事项之建议。
 
第十一条
一、大会得考虑关于维持国际和平及安全之合作之普通原则,包括军缩及军备管制之原则;并得向会员国或安全理事会或兼向两者提出对于该项原则之建议。
 
二、大会得讨论联合国任何会员国或安全理事会或非联合国会员国依第三十五条第二项之规定向大会所提关于维持国际和平及安全之任何问题;除第十二条所规定外,并得向会员国或安全理事会或兼向两者提出对于各该项问题之建议。凡对于需要行动之各该项问题,应由大会于讨论前或讨论后提交安全理事会。
 
三、大会对于足以危及国际和平与安全之情势,得提请安全理事会注意。
 
四、本条所载之大会权力并不限制第十条之概括范围。
 
第十二条
一、当安全理事会对于任何争端或情势,正在执行本宪章所授予该会之职务时,大会非经安全理事会请求,对于该项争端或情势,不得提出任何建议。
 
二、秘书长经安全理事会之同意,应于大会每次会议时,将安全理事会正在处理中关于维持国际和平及安全之任何事件,通知大会;于安全理事会停止处理该项事件时,亦应立即通知大会,或在大会闭会期内通知联合国会员国。
 
 


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