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双语:联合国宪章(5)

2015-11-19    来源:联合国    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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CHAPTER V: THE SECURITY COUNCIL

 
COMPOSITION
Article 23
The Security Council shall consist of fifteen Members of the United Nations. The Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America shall be permanent members of the Security Council. The General Assembly shall elect ten other Members of the United Nations to be non-permanent members of the Security Council, due regard being specially paid, in the first instance to the contribution of Members of the United Nations to the maintenance of international peace and security and to the other purposes of the Organization, and also to equitable geographical distribution.
The non-permanent members of the Security Council shall be elected for a term of two years. In the first election of the non-permanent members after the increase of the membership of the Security Council from eleven to fifteen, two of the four additional members shall be chosen for a term of one year. A retiring member shall not be eligible for immediate re-election.
Each member of the Security Council shall have one representative.
 
FUNCTIONS and POWERS
Article 24
In order to ensure prompt and effective action by the United Nations, its Members confer on the Security Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, and agree that in carrying out its duties under this responsibility the Security Council acts on their behalf.
In discharging these duties the Security Council shall act in accordance with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations. The specific powers granted to the Security Council for the discharge of these duties are laid down in Chapters VI, VII, VIII, and XII.
The Security Council shall submit annual and, when necessary, special reports to the General Assembly for its consideration.
Article 25
The Members of the United Nations agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the Security Council in accordance with the present Charter.
 
Article 26
In order to promote the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security with the least diversion for armaments of the world's human and economic resources, the Security Council shall be responsible for formulating, with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee referred to in Article 47, plans to be submitted to the Members of the United Nations for the establishment of a system for the regulation of armaments.
 
VOTING
Article 27
Each member of the Security Council shall have one vote.
Decisions of the Security Council on procedural matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members.
Decisions of the Security Council on all other matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members including the concurring votes of the permanent members; provided that, in decisions under Chapter VI, and under paragraph 3 of Article 52, a party to a dispute shall abstain from voting.
 
PROCEDURE
Article 28
The Security Council shall be so organized as to be able to function continuously. Each member of the Security Council shall for this purpose be represented at all times at the seat of the Organization.
The Security Council shall hold periodic meetings at which each of its members may, if it so desires, be represented by a member of the government or by some other specially designated representative.
The Security Council may hold meetings at such places other than the seat of the Organization as in its judgment will best facilitate its work.
Article 29
The Security Council may establish such subsidiary organs as it deems necessary for the performance of its functions.
 
Article 30
The Security Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, including the method of selecting its President.
 
Article 31
Any Member of the United Nations which is not a member of the Security Council may participate, without vote, in the discussion of any question brought before the Security Council whenever the latter considers that the interests of that Member are specially affected.
 
Article 32
Any Member of the United Nations which is not a member of the Security Council or any state which is not a Member of the United Nations, if it is a party to a dispute under consideration by the Security Council, shall be invited to participate, without vote, in the discussion relating to the dispute. The Security Council shall lay down such conditions as it deems just for the participation of a state which is not a Member of the United Nations.

 第五章:安全理事会

 
 
组织
第二十三条
一、安全理事会以联合国十五会员国组织之。中华民国、法兰西、苏维埃社会主义共和国联盟、大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国及美利坚合众国应为安全理事会常任理事国。大会应选举联合国其他十会员国为安全理事会非常任理事国,选举时首宜充分斟酌联合国各会员国于维持国际和平与安全及本组织其余各宗旨上之贡献,并宜充分斟酌地域上之公匀分配。
 
二、安全理事会非常任理事国任期定为二年。安全理事会理事国自十一国增至十五国后第一次选举非常任理事国时,所增四国中两国之任期应为一年。任满之理事国不得即行连选。
 
三、安全理事会每一理事国应有代表一人。
 
 
 
职权
第二十四条
一、为保证联合国行动迅速有效起见,各会员国将维持国际和平及安全之主要责任,授予安全理事会,并同意安全理事会于履行此项责任下之职务时,即系代表各会员国。
 
二、安全理事会于履行此项职务时,应遵照联合国之宗旨及原则。为履行此项职务而授予安全理事会之特定权力,于本宪章第六章、第七章、第八章及第十二章内规定之。
 
三、安全理事会应将常年报告、并于必要时将特别报告,提送大会审查。
 
第二十五条
联合国会员国同意依宪章之规定接受并履行安全理事会之决议。
 
第二十六条
为促进国际和平及安全之建立及维持,以尽量减少世界人力及经济资源之消耗于军备起见,安全理事会借第四十七条所指之军事参谋团之协助,应负责拟具方案,提交联合国会员国,以建立军备管制制度。
 
 
 
投票
第二十七条
一、安全理事会每一理事国应有一个投票权。
 
二、安全理事会关于程序事项之决议,应以九理事国之可决票表决之。
 
三、安全理事会对于其他一切事项之决议,应以九理事国之可决票包括全体常任理事国之同意票表决之;但对于第六章及第五十二条第三项内各事项之决议,争端当事国不得投票。
 
 
 
程序
第二十八条
一、安全理事会之组织,应以使其能继续不断行使职务为要件。为此目的,安全理事会之各理事国应有常驻本组织会所之代表。
 
二、安全理事会应举行定期会议,每一理事国认为合宜时得派政府大员或其他特别指定之代表出席。
 
三、在本组织会所以外,安全理事会得在认为最能便利其工作之其他地点举行会议。
 
第二十九条
安全理事会得设立其认为于行使职务所必需之辅助机关。
 
第三十条
安全理事会应自行制定其议事规则,包括其推选主席之方法。
 
第三十一条
在安全理事会提出之任何问题,经其认为对于非安全理事会理事国之联合国任何会员国之利益有特别关系时,该会员国得参加讨论,但无投票权。
 
第三十二条
联合国会员国而非为安全理事会之理事国,或非联合国会员国之国家,如于安全理事会考虑中之争端为当事国者,应被邀参加关于该项争端之讨论,但无投票权。安全理事会应规定其所认为公平之条件,以便非联合国会员国之国家参加。


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