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双语:联合国宪章(8)

2015-11-20    来源:联合国    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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 CHAPTER VIII: REGIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

 
Article 52
Nothing in the present Charter precludes the existence of regional arrangements or agencies for dealing with such matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and security as are appropriate for regional action provided that such arrangements or agencies and their activities are consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.
The Members of the United Nations entering into such arrangements or constituting such agencies shall make every effort to achieve pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies before referring them to the Security Council.
The Security Council shall encourage the development of pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies either on the initiative of the states concerned or by reference from the Security Council.
This Article in no way impairs the application of Articles 34 and 35.
 
Article 53
The Security Council shall, where appropriate, utilize such regional arrangements or agencies for enforcement action under its authority. But no enforcement action shall be taken under regional arrangements or by regional agencies without the authorization of the Security Council, with the exception of measures against any enemy state, as defined in paragraph 2 of this Article, provided for pursuant to Article 107 or in regional arrangements directed against renewal of aggressive policy on the part of any such state, until such time as the Organization may, on request of the Governments concerned, be charged with the responsibility for preventing further aggression by such a state.
The term enemy state as used in paragraph 1 of this Article applies to any state which during the Second World War has been an enemy of any signatory of the present Charter.
 
Article 54
The Security Council shall at all times be kept fully informed of activities undertaken or in contemplation under regional arrangements or by regional agencies for the maintenance of international peace and security.

第八章:区域办法
 
第五十二条
一、本宪章不得认为排除区域办法或区域机关、用以应付关于维持国际和平及安全而宜于区域行动之事件者;但以此项办法或机关及其工作与联合国之宗旨及原则符合者为限。
 
二、缔结此项办法或设立此项机关之联合国会员国,将地方争端提交安全理事会以前,应依该项区域办法,或由该项区域机关,力求和平解决。
 
三、安全理事会对于依区域办法或由区域机关而求地方争端之和平解决,不论其系由关系国主动,或由安全理事会提交者,应鼓励其发展。
 
四、本条绝不妨碍第三十四条及第三十五条之适用。
 
第五十三条
一、安全理事会对于职权内之执行行动,在适当情形下,应利用此项区域办法或区域机关。如无安全理事会之授权,不得依区域办法或由区域机关采取任何执行行动;但关于依第一百零七条之规定对付本条第二项所指之任何敌国之步骤,或在区域办法内所取防备此等国家再施其侵略政策之步骤,截至本组织经各关系政府之请求,对于此等国家之再次侵略,能担负防止责任时为止,不在此限。
 
二、本条第一项所称敌国系指第二次世界大战中为本宪章任何签字国之敌国而言。
 
第五十四条

关于为维持国际和平及安全起见,依区域办法或由区域机关所已采取或正在考虑之行动,不论何时应向安全理事会充分报告之。 



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