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著名景区英文介绍:白金汉宫

2015-05-20    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

著名景区英文介绍:白金汉宫

白金汉宫是英国的皇家宫殿和国王(女王)办公的地方。

白金汉宫位于伦敦威斯敏斯特自治区,是伦敦的一处重要旅游景点,历史上每逢英国欢庆或是危机时刻,这儿也是不列颠人民一处重要的集会场所。

1761年,乔治三世获得该府邸,并作为一处私人寝宫。此后宫殿的扩建工程持续超过了75年,主要由建筑师约翰·纳西和爱德华·布罗尔主持,为中央庭院构筑了三侧建筑。

1837年,维多利亚女王即位后,白金汉宫正式成为王宫,此后白金汉宫一直是英国王室的府邸。现仍是伊丽莎白女王的王室住地。女王召见首相、大臣,接待,举行国家庆典和宴请外宾及其他重要活动,均在此举行。

二战期间,宫殿礼拜堂遭一枚德国炸弹袭击而毁;在其址上建立的女王画廊于1962年向公众开放,展示皇家收藏品。现在的白金汉宫对外开放参观,每天清晨都会进行著名的禁卫军交接典礼,成为英国王室文化的一大景观。

The graceless colossus of Buckingham Palace, popularly known as "Buck House", has served as the monarch's permanent London residence only since the accession of Victoria. Bought by George III in 1762, the building was overhauled by Nash in the late 1820s, and again by Aston Webb in time for George V's coronation in 1913, producing a palace that's about as bland as it's possible to be.

For two months of the year, the hallowed portals are grudgingly nudged open; timed tickets are sold from the tent-like box office in Green Park at the western end of The Mall. The interior, however, is a bit of an anticlimax: of the palace's 660 rooms you're permitted to see just 18, and there's little sign of life, as the Queen decamps to Scotland every summer. For the other ten months of the year there's little to do here, since the palace is closed to visitors - not that this deters the crowds who mill around the railings, and gather in some force to watch the Changing of the Guard, in which a detachment of the Queen's Foot Guards marches to appropriate martial music from St James's Palace (unless it rains, that is).

You can view a small selection of the Royal Collection - which is more than three times larger than the National Gallery's - at the Queen's Picture Gallery (daily 9.30am-4.30pm; £4), round the south side of the palace on Buckingham Palace Road. The exhibitions usually include some works by Reynolds, Gainsborough, Vermeer, Rubens, Rembrandt and Canaletto, which make up the bulk of the collection.

There's more pageantry on show at the Nash-built Royal Mews (April-Sept Tues-Thurs noon-4pm; Oct-Dec Wed only; £3.50), further along Buckingham Palace Road. The royal carriages, lined up under a glass canopy in the courtyard, are the main attraction, in particular the Gold Carriage, made for George III in 1762, smothered in 22-carat gilding and weighing four tons, its axles supporting four life-size figures.



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