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【整理】VOA 2014-02-26 美国阿富汗撤军准备

2014-03-17    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From Washington, this is VOA News.

President Obama orders his military to a prepare for a sooner than expected withdrawal from Afghanistan. And Washington expels 3 Venezuelan diplomats in tit-for-tat move. I’m Michael Lipin, reporting from Washington.

US President Barack Obama has told the Pentagon to prepare for the withdrawal of all troops from Afghanistan by the end of the year in case a long delayed bilateral security agreement remains unsigned. White House spokesman Jay Carney said Tuesday the president told Afghan President Hamid Karzai that Washington will leave open the possibility of concluding an agreement with Afghanistan later this year. But Carney said the longer such a deal is delayed, the more likely it becomes that any US mission in Afghanistan will be smaller in scale after 2014.

“The fact that president Karzai has indicated that it’s unlikely he will sign the BSA means that if he doesn’t sign it is at least possible that a successor Afghan government might sign it but that pushes us later into a year and the longer we go without a signed BSA by necessity the more narrow in size and ambition, the mission for a post 2014 force would be. While US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said the Defense Department will plan for an orderly withdrawal from Afghanistan as well as for US participation in an NATO-led mission focused on training and assisting Afghan security forces.

The United States have expelled 3 Venezuelan diplomats a week after Venezuela expelled three American diplomats whom it accused of conspiring with student protesters. The State Department said Tuesday the Venezuelan envoys have 48 hours to leave the United States. The Venezuela and the United States have not had ambassadors in each other’s countries since 2010 although they have maintained embassies. While despite the latest tensions, Venezuela is expected to name a new ambassador to the US soon. The Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro said Monday he is selecting an ambassador to improve dialogue.

Western and Russian officials are giving their opinions about Ukraine’s political future after last week’s opposition ouster of President Victor Yanukovych, an ally of Russia. Ukrainian parliament also approved a motion Tuesday to send the fugitive president to the International Criminal Court to face trial, on charges of murdering protesters. VOA’s Pamela Dockins has more. EU Foreign Policy Chief Catherine Ashton says European leaders want to help a new Ukrainian government move the country forward in the way that it chooses.

“Of course that needs to be inclusive and it needs to have expertise that will be so necessary and it needs to have both lasting political solutions and a credible economic plan.” Ashton commented after she met Tuesday with Ukrainian officials in Kiev including former prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko who was freed from prison on Saturday. Meanwhile, Russian Foreign Minister Seigey Lavrov says his country has reaffirmed its position of non-interference to Ukrainian affairs but it’s also calling for national dialogue and return of the rule of law. Pamela Dockins, VOA News, Washington.

A newspaper in Uganda has published a list of what it calls the country’s top homosexuals a day after the president signed a new anti-gay law. The Red Pepper tabloid published the list of 200 names and several photos under a large headline that read: 'exposed'. Ugandan gays have expressed concerns about being arrested under the new law which strengthens punishment for gay sex and damns the so-called promotion of homosexuality. The United States is urging Uganda to repeal the measure, the White House calls it an affront to Ugandan gays and says it will also hamper the fight against AIDS.

While Indonesia has opened a regional recycling conference aimed at increasing awareness of waste management for economic and environmental benefits. The 5th regional 3R Forum in Asia and Pacific which opened in Surabaya Tuesday is being attended by 300 participants from nearly 40 Asia and Pacific countries. Surabaya was chosen to host the event because of its success in managing municipal waste through the 3Rs, which stands for reduce, reuse and recycle.

And the Philippines is demanding an explanation from Beijing after the Chinese coast guard allegedly fired a water cannon at Filipinos fishing in a disputed area of the South China Sea. Manila on Tuesday summoned China’s top envoy in the Philippine capital to protest the incident which happened last month near an uninhabited Scarborough Shoal. I’m Michael Lipin, for VOA News.


美国之音新闻,华盛顿报道。

总统奥巴马下令军队做好提前从阿富汗撤军的准备。华盛顿对委内瑞拉针锋相对,驱逐其三名外交官。我是迈克尔·利平,华盛顿报道。

美国总统奥巴马告知国防部准备好在年底前撤出所有驻阿富汗部队,以防无法签署长期搁置的双边安全协定。白宫发言人卡尼表示,周二,总统奥巴马告诉阿富汗总统卡尔扎伊,华盛顿保有与阿富汗在今年晚些时候签署协定的可能性。但是卡尼又称这份协定拖的越久,美国在阿富汗的任何行动在2014年以后在规模上越有可能变得越小。

总统卡尔扎伊表示,他不可能在双边安全协定上签字,这就意味着如果他不签,那么至少阿富汗的下届政府有可能会签,但这起码要等到今年晚些时候。而这份十分有必要签署的协定搁置得越久,2014年的军事行动在规模和目标上就会变得越有限。美国防长黑格表示国防部将计划从阿富汗有序撤军,同时也将逐步退出由北约领导的旨在训练和协助阿富汗安全部队的任务。

三名被控勾结学生抗议者的美国外交官遭委内瑞拉驱逐一周后,美国也驱逐了三名委内瑞拉外交官。美国国务院周二表示,限委内瑞拉大使 48小时内离境。自2010年起,委美两国虽都保留双方的使馆,但不再互派使节。同时,虽然两国近来关系紧张,委方仍表示将很快重新任命一位驻美大使,委内瑞拉总统尼古拉斯尼古拉斯·马杜罗周一表示,他正在选派一位新大使,以求促进两国间对话。

上周反对派驱逐了俄罗斯的同盟维克托.亚努科维奇总统后,西方和俄罗斯官员给出他们对乌克兰未来政局的观点。由于逃亡的总统被指控谋杀反对者,乌克兰过会星期二也通过了将其送往国际刑事法庭审判的议案。美国之音帕梅拉更多报告。欧盟外交政策负责人凯瑟琳.阿什顿说欧洲领导人想要帮助新乌克兰政府使这个国家向其选择的道路前进。

“当然需要包括这些,专业人士的建议也是必须的,同样也需要双方持续的政治协商与一份可靠地经济方案。”阿什顿周二在基辅会见包括前面总理尤利娅·季莫申科(她周六从监狱释放)在内的乌克兰官员后发表以上评论的。与此同时,俄罗斯外长谢尔盖·拉夫罗夫重申俄罗斯不会干涉乌克兰事务,但他也呼吁进行国家对话与法制的回归。帕梅拉·道可斯,VOA新闻,华盛顿报告。

乌干达总统签署了新的反同性恋法律后仅一天,该国的《红辣椒报》就发布了一份同性恋者榜单,列出了几位名列前茅的同性恋者的名字。在该报醒目的标题——“无处可藏”的下面,是两百位同性恋者的名字,还附有多张照片。这项新法律加大了对同性恋者性行为的惩罚力度,同时谴责同性恋的宣传活动,这使乌干达的同性恋者们担心自己会遭到逮捕。美国敦促乌干达废除这项法令,因其是对乌干达同性恋者的侮辱,此外更会增加艾滋病防治工作的难度。

印度尼西亚召开的区域垃圾回收利用会议,旨在增加人们对垃圾管理的意识,促进经济发展,改善环境。第五届亚太区3R论坛周二在苏腊巴亚开幕,该区域的近40个国家和地区的300人出席了会议。选择苏腊巴亚作为主办方,是因为它成功的应用了3R原则来处理城市垃圾,即减少,再用和循环使用垃圾。(三个原则的英文首字母都是R)

菲律宾要求北京对中国海岸警卫队疑似在菲律宾渔场(该渔场位于中国南海的争议区域)发射一枚水炮的事作出解释。周二,马尼拉招唤了在菲律宾首都的中国最高级别大使,抗议上个月发生在黄岩岛(该岛无人居住)附近的该起事件。我是迈克尔·利平,美国之音新闻。



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