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VOA常速新闻:2015-06-18 伊拉克应加强打击伊斯兰国

2015-07-31    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From Washington, this is VOA news. I'm Dave DeForest reporting.

The American defense chief calls for more effort from the Iraqis: U.S. Defense Secretary Ashton Carter is calling on Iraq to make a greater commitment to fight the Islamic State.  Carter said the Iraqis have failed to recruit enough ground troops to fight the militants that have taken over large parts of the country.

Forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad have added another weapon to their arsenal.  The latest weapons are called "elephant rockets," named after the noise they make in flight.  According to political activists at least two dozen civilians were killed Tuesday in a Damascus suburb by the rockets.

Swiss prosecutors are investigating 53 possible money-laundering incidents involving the bidding process for the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cup tournaments. Swiss attorney-general Michael Lauber told reporters he does not rule out interviewing FIFA presidentSepp Blatter.

"By definition, this does not exclude interviewing the president of FIFA.  And this does not exclude interviewing the secretary-general of FIFA."

The Swiss investigation has been looking into allegations of mismanagement and money laundering connected to the awarding of the 2018 and 2022 World Cups to Russia and Qatar, respectively.

Human Rights Watch says authorities from the internationally recognized government in Libya are responsible for abusing detainees.  It accused the government of forcing confessions, not providing medical care and denying due process. The group issued a statement detailing the accusations based on what it said were visits to three detention centers in eastern Libya controlled by the army and interior ministry in January and April. This is VOA news.

The Greek central bank has warned that a failure to reach a bailout agreement with its international creditors will result in a recession, a decline in income levels, and possibly even a withdrawal from the Eurozone. The central bank issued its statement Wednesday, a day before Eurozone finance ministers meet to discuss how to get more emergency funds to Greece by June 30.  That is the date that Greece is obligated to pay $1.8 billion to the International Monetary Fund.

Top officials of the U.S. central bank say economic growth has recovered from a slump in the first few months of this year.  They say it is strong enough to warrant raising interest rates in the future. The Federal Reserve left interest rates steady at the record-low level where they have been since the financial crisis.

The Dominican Republic has set midnight Wednesday as the deadline for a new immigration law that could result in the expulsion of hundreds of thousands of Haitian immigrants and those of Haitian descent.  It accuses the immigrants of living in the country illegally.
 
The U.N peacekeeping chief…U.N.'s peacekeeping chief expressed his frustration with South Sudan's leaders on Wednesday. Margaret Besheer reports.

"Hervé Ladsous laid out to the U.N. Security Council the problems that his 12,000 troops, police and civilian personnel in South Sudan have been experiencing because of the government's ongoing lack of cooperation. 'We needed attack helicopters--request denied. We needed UAV's--request denied by the president to me, personally, three times last year.' Ladsous said the mission's movements have also been restricted. Also troubling, the South Sudan government is finding new ways to harass and intimidate mission personnel. Margaret Besheer, the United Nations."

Pakistan's army chief visited Russia this week amid warming relations between the two countries.  Ayesha Tanzeem reports.

"Pakistan's army chief Raheel Sharif met the top Russian civil and military leadership this week during a three day trip to Moscow.  During the next few weeks, Pakistan's prime minister is also expected to travel to Russia for a multilateral conference. Relations between the two cold war rival states have never been better, according to Pakistan Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Tariq Fatemi. 'In the last two years, we have had more high level visits between the two countries than in the past many years.'  The two countries have announced plans to hold their first joint military exercise.  Ayesha Tanzeem, Islamabad."

Uganda's Electoral Commission is warning all political parties and civil society groups that they would be flouting the country's electoral laws if they engage in early political campaigns. Electoral Commission spokesman Jotham Taremwa said anyone posing as a candidate ahead of the nominating process is "out of order."

I’m Dave DeForest. That’s the latest world news from VOA.

Key Phrases/Words

1. money-laundering 洗黑钱

2. rule out 宣布…不可能,排除…的可能性

3. exclude v. 排斥,排除,不包括

4. mismanagement n. 管理不善,经营不当,处置失当

5. detainees n. 被拘留者( detainee的名词复数 )

6. bailout n. 紧急援助,抽资

7. recession n. 经济衰退,不景气
 
8. slump v/n. 大幅度下降,暴跌

9. financial crisis 金融危机

10. expulsion n. 驱逐,开除, 排出

11. peacekeeping adj. 维护和平的,执行(或监督)停火协定的

12. harass v. [军] 扰乱,骚扰,使烦扰

13. intimidate v. 恐吓,威胁

14. amid prep. 处于…环境中(表示环境); 由于存在…情况

15. multilateral conference 多边会议


这里是华盛顿,美国之音为您报道。这里是大卫.的福斯特为您报道。

美国国防部长呼吁伊拉克做出更多努力:美国国防部长阿斯顿.卡特正呼吁伊拉克在打击伊斯兰国一事上做出郑重承诺。卡特表示,伊拉克未能招募到足够的陆军来对抗武装分子,然而后者已经夺取了该国的绝大部分城市。

叙利亚总统巴沙尔.阿尔萨得已经为他们的兵工厂添置了新武器,最新的武器名叫“大象火箭",这个名称是根据火箭发出的声音而得来的。根据政治积极分子的最新消息,周二在大马士革至少有20名市民死于该火箭弹。

瑞士检察官正在对53起疑似洗黑钱事件进行调查,其中包括2018年和2022年国际足联世界杯的申办过程。瑞士律师总代理人迈克尔.劳伯对记者表示他并未排除采访国际足联主席赛普.布拉特的可能性。

“显然,这并没有将采访国际足联主席排除在外。同时也没有将采访国际足联总秘书长排除在外。”

瑞士方面正在对2018年俄罗斯和2022年卡塔尔获得世界杯举办权有关的失职及洗钱案件进行调查。

国际人权观察组织认为利比亚政府应该对虐待囚犯负责。他们起诉政府对囚犯强行逼供,并未给与响应的医疗保护以及应该走的法律程序。在一月份和四月份,他们走访了利比亚东部军队及内政部管辖的三个看守所并基于此该组织发表了一项声明,这里是美国之音为您报道。

希腊中央银行发布警告称如果(希腊)不能与其国际债权国达成一项紧急救援协议,将会造成经济衰退、收入下降,甚至可能会退出欧元区。中央银行于周三发布此申明。一天后,欧元区财长将开会讨论在6月30前如何向希腊提供更多的应急资金。6月30日是希腊必须向国际货币基金组织支付18亿美元的(最后)日期。

美国中央银行高级官员表示经济增长已从今年前几个月的低谷中恢复过来。他们称经济增长强劲,足以支撑提高后期的利率。自金融危机以来,美联储让利率一直保持在历史最低水平。

多米尼加共和国将周三晚12点定为一项新移民法的最后期限。该法案可能会导致几十万海地移民及那些拥有海地血统的人遭到驱逐。多米尼加共和国指责这些遗民非法居住在国内。

联合国维和主席....周三,联合国维和主席对南苏丹领导人表达了自己的失望之情。玛格丽特.贝希尔报道。

“尔维·拉德苏向安理会抱怨称自己在南苏丹的12000名军人、警察和文职人员由于政府缺乏合作而陷入困境。我们需要直升飞机的请求被拒绝了。我们需要无人机的请求也被总统亲自拒绝了,去年已经发生了三次这样的情况。拉德苏表示维和行动同样受到了限制。同样麻烦的还有南苏丹政府正在利用新的方式骚扰和恐吓维和人员。玛格丽特.贝希尔,联合国报道。”

随着巴俄关系升温,巴基斯坦陆军司令于本周访问俄罗斯。阿耶莎.坦德姆为您报道。

巴基斯坦陆军司令拉赫尔.谢里夫本周对莫斯科进行为期三天的访问,期间与俄罗斯军、民高层领导举行了会晤。在接一来几周,巴基斯坦总理也将有望出访俄罗斯,出席一多边会议。正如巴基斯坦外务部长塔里克.法塔米所说,冷战时期,这两个敌对国家之间的关系从来没有这么好过。“‘在过去两年中,两国之间的高层访问次数超过了过去许多年的访问次数。’两国已宣布将计划举行首次联合军事演习。阿耶莎.坦德姆,伊斯坦布尔报道。”

乌干达选举委员会警告所有政治党派和民间社会组织,如果他们继续从事政治运动,这种行为将会违反选举法。选举委员会发言人耶和华·塔拉瓦表示在提名候选人进程开始之前,任何人假装成候选人都是违反秩序的。

这里是大卫.迪福斯特,美国之音全球新闻资讯为您报道。



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