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【整理】BBC 2011-08-22 利比亚叛军占领首都的黎波里

2011-10-12    来源:普特整理    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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BBC News with Gaenor Howells

Hundreds of Libyan rebels have arrived in the capital Tripoli after fighting their way from the west. They were greeted by people lining the streets and waving rebel flags. Earlier, the rebels took control of a key military base on the western approach to Tripoli. Other rebels have set up checkpoints in suburbs on the eastern outskirts of the capital. There's been gunfire near the central hotel where foreign journalists are staying. Matthew Price sent this report.

The rebels have called this "zero hour" - the hour when the uprising came back to Tripoli. Throughout the night and much of the day, there's been the sound of gunfire, small arms and heavy weapons and explosions, both sides fighting in what may be the final battle of this six-month-long conflict. It's clear there have been bloody battles in parts of the city. In areas where the fighting has not been taking place, people were said to be staying indoors. A government source here told the BBC that there are 65,000 professional soldiers loyal to Colonel Gaddafi ready to defend this city. The source also believes that the tribes here are preparing to protect their own.

The Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi says he'll not abandon Tripoli and that he'll stay there until the end. Speaking on Libyan state TV, Colonel Gaddafi also said he would be victorious.

"I am with you in this battle; I am in your midst now; I am with you with my rifle. We will not surrender; we won't ever abandon Tripoli for colonisers and traitors; we will sacrifice Tripoli with our blood and soul; we will sacrifice Libya with our blood and soul."

There have been renewed international calls for Colonel Gaddafi to stand down immediately. A Nato spokeswoman said his government was crumbling. The White House said it believed his days were numbered. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel said it would be good if Colonel Gaddafi gave up power as quickly as possible. The French President Nicolas Sarkozy said Libya had reached a decisive moment.

The Syrian President Bashar al-Assad says his government is in no danger of falling despite five months of street protests. In an interview with state television, he defended his response to the protests.

"The solution in Syria is a political one, but if there is violence, it should be met. Police, security and riot police - any country in the world, they use these means to quash any anti-social behaviour."

He said steps were being taken to introduce a multi-party system.

"The main thing is to allow parties time to form their bases, to form their manifestos and to mobilise. But as a medium, middle-of-the-road option, maybe within six months, we could see elections."

You're listening to the World News from the BBC.

An emergency meeting of the Arab League has condemned Israel's air attacks on the Gaza Strip and said the United Nations should take steps to end the raids. At least 15 people have been killed in the Israeli bombing, which followed attacks by gunmen in southern Israel in which eight Israelis died. There's also been a barrage of rocket attacks on southern Israel from Gaza. Jordan has urged an immediate halt to the Israeli action, warning that it threatened regional stability.

A national ceremony of remembrance has taken place in the Norwegian capital Oslo for the victims of the massacre a month ago. Relatives of the victims and survivors were joined at the ceremony by politicians, the emergency services and the Norwegian royal family. Steve Rosenberg reports.

At a giant arena, on a stage covered in candles, an artist sang of My Little Norway - a handful of peace among plateaus and fjords. This was Norway's national ceremony of remembrance. With music and poems and speeches, this is how a nation brought to an end one month of mourning. In the hall were family members and friends of the dead, and those too who had survived the shooting spree on Utoeya island. In a speech, King Harald of Norway declared that freedom is stronger than fear. Norwegians, he said, would continue to live freely.

Pressure groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo have called on the 10 million inhabitants of the capital Kinshasa each to light a candle to protest against severe electricity cuts in the city. They say everybody should light their candles at the same time on Sunday evening to light up the city, which is often cast into darkness. Congo's hydroelectric dams are poorly maintained, and water levels are low.

BBC News


数百名利比亚叛军从西部一直向前推进,现在已经抵达首都的黎波里,人们列道两旁,挥舞着叛军旗帜对他们表示欢迎。此前,叛军控制了西部通往的黎波里途中的一个关键的军事基地。其他叛军在首都东部郊区设置了检查点。外国记者入住的中央酒店附近出现了枪声。Matthew Price发回报道。

利比亚叛军称这是“决战时刻”——此时此刻,反抗行动回到的黎波里。整个夜晚以及白天的大部分时间,空气中一直弥漫着枪声,轻重武器和爆炸声,双方都在这场持续了六个月的冲突的最后战争中进行最后的努力。很明显,在这座城市的部分地区发生了血腥战斗。据说在没有发生战斗的地区,人们都待在室内。政府消息来源告诉BBC,还有65,000名忠于卡扎菲上校的职业士兵准备包围这座城市。该消息来源还相信这里的部落也做好了保卫自己领土的准备。

利比亚领袖卡扎菲宣布他不会放弃的黎波里,他将一直待在那里直到最后。在利比亚国家电视台发表讲话时,卡扎菲上校还表示他一定会取得胜利。

“我在战争中和你们在一起;我现在就在你们中间,我手中也拿起了枪。我们不会投降,我们永远不会将的黎波里交给殖民者和叛国者,我们将牺牲我们的鲜血和生命来保卫的黎波里;我们将牺牲我们的鲜血和生命来保卫利比亚。”

国际社会再次呼吁卡扎菲上校立即下台。北约一名发言人表示他的政府已经瓦解。白宫表示,他们相信卡扎菲下台的日子已经屈指可数。德国总理默克尔表示,卡扎菲上校最好尽快放弃权利。法国总统萨科齐表示,利比亚已经到了决定性的时刻。

叙利亚总统阿萨德表示,尽管已经发生了五个月的街头抗议,他的政府没有垮台的危险。在国家电视台的采访中,他向抗议者表达了自己的态度。

“叙利亚采取的是政治性的解决方法。但是如果发生了暴力活动,我们一定会做出回应。警方,安全力量和防暴警察——全世界任何地方都使用这些手段来平息任何反社会的行为。”

他说,政府正在采取措施引入多党派的系统。

“关键的一点是允许各党派有时间来建立自己的基础,形成自己的宣言,让他们运作起来。但是作为媒介,或许六个月之后我们会举行选举。”

您现在收听的是BBC世界新闻。

阿拉伯联盟召开紧急会议,谴责以色列对加沙地带的空袭,称联合国应该采取措施制止这种袭击。在以色列的轰炸中,至少15人死亡。此前,以色列南部持枪分子的袭击造成8名以色列人死亡。加沙地带也对以色列南部发动了一系列火箭弹袭击。约旦敦促以色列立即停止行动,警告他们的行为会威胁到区域稳定。

挪威首都奥斯陆为一个月前大屠杀中的遇难者举行全国纪念仪式。遇难者和幸存者的亲属,政治家,紧急救援人员和挪威皇室家族都参加了纪念活动。Steve Rosenberg报道。

在布满蜡烛的一个巨大的体育场舞台上,一名艺术家在歌唱“我的挪威”。这是挪威的全国纪念仪式。伴随着音乐,诗歌和讲话,这个国家结束了为期一个月的悼念活动。大厅中是皇室家族,遇难者的亲友和幸存者。在讲话中,挪威国王哈拉尔宣布,自由的力量永远比恐惧更强大。他说,挪威人将继续自由地生活。

刚果民主共和国压力组织呼吁首都金沙萨1000万名居民各举一支蜡烛反抗这座城市严重的断电。他说,每个人都应该在周日晚上同一时间点燃蜡烛,照亮这座警察陷入黑暗的城市。刚果的水电站维护状况非常差,水位也非常低。

BBC新闻。



重点讲解


1.greet vt.欢迎, 迎接, 致意, 问候

例句:The host greeted us at the gate.
主人在大门口迎接我们。

2.throughout prep.(表示时间)自始至终;在…期间

例句:It poured with rain throughout the night.
大雨下了整整一夜。

They sang songs throughout the trip.
整个旅途中他们歌声不断。

3.victorious adj.胜利的;取胜的;凯旋的

例句:She shook hands with her victorious opponent.
她跟战胜她的对手握手。

4.decisive adj.决定性的

例句:Man is a decisive factor in doing everything.
人是做每件事情的决定性因素。

5.quash vt.镇压;平息;压服;压倒

例句:The army quashed the rebellion.
军队平息了叛乱。

6.remembrance n.记忆, 回忆, 纪念

例句:All remembrance of him has escaped from my mind.
我简直无法回忆起他。

7.midst n.中部, 中间, 当中

例句:The hut is in the midst of the forest.
小屋在森林深处。

8.mobilise vt.vi.动员起来, 调动, 鼓动起

例句:The troops received orders to mobilize.
部队接到动员令。

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