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【整理】BBC 2011-10-17 奥巴马出席MLK新纪念碑庆典

2011-10-20    来源:普特整理    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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BBC News with Gaenor Howells

Kenyan soldiers have crossed the border into Somalia in pursuit of rebels from the Islamist group al-Shabab, who they blame for the recent kidnappings of several foreigners. An eyewitness told the BBC he'd seen about 25 armoured vehicles carrying Kenyan troops inside Somalia. Will Ross is following events from Nairobi.

We've been hearing from eyewitnesses inside Somalia saying that they've seen convoys of heavily armed military vehicles inside Somalia with Kenyan troops. There have also been helicopters seen inside Somalia. Certainly this is an operation that the Kenyan government wants to put on to show that they are serious about trying to tackle the problem of these recent kidnappings. Now the Kenyan government has blamed all four kidnappings on al-Shabab, even though there is no actual concrete proof that they were the work of al-Shabab. It's possible they were simply bandits carrying out kidnappings to get a ransom.

The former Socialist Party chief in France, Francois Hollande, has won the party's nomination to stand against President Nicolas Sarkozy in next year's election. The current Socialist leader Martine Aubry acknowledged defeat after today's second round of voting in a primary election. Hugh Schofield reports from Paris.

Martine Aubry has gone on radio and television in France conceding victory to Francois Hollande. He'd built up an unassailable lead, and it's now been decided he'll be the Socialist Party candidate for the upcoming presidential election. Mr Hollande has never served in government, and his enemies say he lacks political substance. But he's got a cool head; he's well liked not just on the left, and above all the polls all show that he can easily beat Nicolas Sarkozy in April.

The Italian government has promised tough punishment for those behind Saturday's riots in Rome, some of the worst street violence in the city for decades. Police clashed with demonstrators on a march through the capital, one of a series of protests around the world against corporate greed and cuts to public services. At least 20 people were arrested, and dozens of people were injured. From Rome, here's David Willey.

The authorities have been swift to sweep up the street damage, tow away burnt-out cars, sandblast graffiti and board up or replace broken bank and shop windows. But Italians are astonished at how several hundred protesters, many dressed in black and wearing crash helmets, managed to cause mayhem in the Italian capital for four hours on Saturday. Interior Minister Roberto Maroni called for exemplary punishments.

Forces from Libya's interim authority, the NTC, are trying to find a new strategy to dislodge fighters still loyal to Colonel Gaddafi from their position in the city of Sirte. A BBC correspondent there says the NTC forces have lost focus and momentum after days of fighting. Our correspondent says the situation remains chaotic and violent.

You're listening to the World News from the BBC.

President Obama has attended a dedication ceremony in Washington for a new memorial to the assassinated civil rights leader Martin Luther King. The statue is near the spot where in 1963 Doctor King delivered his famous "I have a dream" speech. It became a rallying call for black Americans seeking greater civil rights and their supporters. President Obama said Doctor King's vision of unity remained as relevant today.

"And so with our eyes on the horizon and our faith squarely placed in one another, let us keep striving; let us keep struggling; let us keep climbing toward that promised land of a nation and a world that is more fair and more just and more equal for every single child of God. Thank you. God bless you and God bless the United States of America."

People in Bolivia are voting to choose the country's senior judges. The judicial elections were introduced by President Evo Morales, who says they'll make Bolivia's justice system more accountable. Opposition groups say the reform will politicise judges. Mattia Cabitza reports from La Paz.

For the first time, Bolivians are getting a direct say in who will sit in the country's top courts. Judges were chosen directly by politicians before, but now more than five million people will elect them from a list of candidates who were put forward by the Bolivian Congress. The legislative body is dominated by the party of President Evo Morales, and this has prompted calls to invalidate ballots. Many voters are not sure whether the winners of the elections can be truly independent and impartial.

The Mexican army says it's rescued 61 men who were being held captive by a drugs gang near the border with the United States. The army said the captives were found in a house guarded by suspected kidnappers in Coahuila state. They said they'd been abducted from various parts of Mexico and forced to work for organised crime.

BBC News

肯尼亚士兵越过边境到达索马里,追踪伊斯兰阿尔沙巴布组织叛军,据称他们与最近几名外国人被绑架有关。一名目击者告诉BBC,他在索马里境内看到大约25辆载有肯尼亚军队的装甲车。Will Ross在内罗毕跟踪报道。


法国社会党前总书记弗朗西斯科·奥朗德赢得该党提名,将与总统尼古拉·萨科齐竞争明年的选举。社会党现任领导人玛蒂娜·奥布里承认在初选第二轮的投票中失败。Hugh Schofield在巴黎报道。


意大利政府决定对周六罗马暴乱事件嫌疑人施以重罚,这是几十年来罗马发生的最严重的街头暴力。在首都的一次游行中,警方与游行者发生冲突,这次游行是全世界抗议企业贪婪并要求削减公共部门游行的一部分。至少20人被捕,数十人受伤。David Willey在罗马报道。

当局迅速阻止街头暴力,拖走燃烧的汽车,清理喷砂涂鸦,封闭或修理被毁的银行和商店橱窗。但意大利人对此还是深感震惊,周六的四个小时中,他们看到数百抗议者,很多穿着黑色服装,戴着防护帽,在意大利首都设法制造混乱。内政部长Roberto Maroni要求施以警戒式惩罚。




玻利维亚人民投票选举国家高级法官,这次司法选举是总统莫拉莱斯引入实行,他说,这将使玻利维亚的司法体系更负责。反对派团体说,这次改革将使法官政治化。Mattia Cabitza在拉巴斯报道。




1. eyewitness    n. 目击者;见证人

eg: He was the only eyewitness of the robbery.   他是那起抢劫案的唯一目击者。

2. bandit  n.强盗,土匪,歹徒

eg: She aimed a pistol at the bandit point-blank.   她用手枪直接瞄准强盗。

3. unassailable    a. 没有争论余地的;无懈可击的

eg: It signified to him the unassailable power of the companies.   这向他表明了公司那不容置疑的威力。

4. mayhem  n.严重伤害罪,混乱

eg: There was absolute mayhem when the cow got into the village hall.   那牛闯进村会议厅,造成一片混乱。

5. assassinate  vt.暗杀

eg: They were plotting how they would assassinate the president.   他们正秘密策划将如何暗杀总统。

6. politicise    politicize(Amer.)

eg: I believe that it is absurd to politicize the content and subject matter of text books.   我认为让教科书的内容和题材带有政治色彩是荒谬的。

7. invalidate  vt.使无效

eg: Such exceptions do not invalidate the rule.   这些例外并不证明此规则无效。

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