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【整理】BBC 艾滋病感染率降至14年最低

2011-12-09    来源:www.putclub.com    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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The UN agency dealing with the fight against Aids says HIV infections have fallen to their lowest level since the peak of the epidemic 14 years ago. UNAids says the global response of the past decade has forced the disease into decline with new infections down by more than 20% since its peak in 1997. Peter Ghys of UNAids said the data was encouraging even in Africa, where HIV infection still remains at very high levels.

"The picture in Africa largely determines the global picture because most of the global epidemic is actually situated in Africa. So the trends that we highlight - the reduction in new infections is present in Africa, and also the trend in the reduction of the deaths due to Aids is also present in Africa."


同艾滋病作战的联合国机构称,艾滋病毒的感染自14年前达到最高峰至今,已减少至最低。联合国艾滋病规划署表示,全球应对该疾病的行动促使其下降,新感染案例比达到高峰时的1997年下降了20%以上。规划署的Peter Ghys说,甚至在艾滋病毒感染仍处于非常高水平的非洲,数据都是令人振奋的。

“非洲的艾滋病情况很大程度决定了全球的情况,因为全球的蔓延地实际上在非洲。所以我们强调的是趋势---目前非洲的新感染在减少,而且在非洲因艾滋病引发的死亡也同样在减少。”



重点讲解


词汇:

1. infection [in'fekʃən] n.〈医〉传染, 感染;(身体某部位的)感染;传染病
eg: He suffered from a lung infection. 他的肺部受到了感染。

2. epidemic [,epi'demik]  n.流行病;(迅速的)泛滥,蔓延
eg: The small town was smitten by an epidemic. 小镇突然遭到传染病的袭击。

3. UNAids United Nations, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 联合国艾滋病规划署

4. encouraging [in'kʌridʒiŋ] a.鼓励的,赞助的,促进的
eg: His encouraging remarks lifted us up. 他那鼓舞人心的话使我们振作起来。

5. highlight ['hailait] vt.强调, 突出, 使显著 n.最精彩的部分, 最重要的事情
eg: It is one of the highlight of the match. 这是比赛中最精彩的项目之一。

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