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【整理】BBC 2013-12-24 一代“枪王”卡拉什尼科夫去世

2014-02-10    来源:putclub    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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BBC News with Jerry Smit.

The United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has warned warring parties in South Sudan that they will be held to account for crimes against humanity. He once again called on President Salva Kiir and opposition leaders to hold talks. Nada Tawfik reports.

The United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has said that the world is watching all sides in South Sudan. He demanded an immediate end to attacks on civilians and peacekeepers and said that reports of ethnically targeted killings were especially worrisome.

The United Nations has been straining to provide basic needs to some 45,000 people seeking protection at its bases. Mr. Ban said that he will recommend that the Security Council approve more troops and assets for the UN's mission in South Sudan. Meanwhile, the US military is preparing its forces for another possible evacuation of US and other citizens.

A judge in Chile has sentenced 8 former members of a military death squad to up to 15 years in jail for the killing of 14 political prisoners decades ago. Matiere Kabetzer reports.

For the victims' families, this has been a long wait for justice. On the 19th of October, 1973, the 14 men were picked up from a local prison in the northern Chilean city of Antofagasta. They were blindfolded, driven away and shot dead. The judge Leopoldo Llanos said the 8 former army officers had played a role in their killing. They were all members of a military death squad known as the caravan of death which carried out dozens of executions of political prisoners during the military government of Augusto Pinochet.

A court in Argentina has ruled that the former President Fernando de la Rua did not bribe senators to pass controversial labor reform in the year 2000. The judges said no evidence was found to prove the bribery had taken place in the Argentine senate. Seven other people who were accused of taking or facilitating bribes including his former labor minister were also found innocent.

The designer of the Kalashnikov assault rifle Mikhail Kalashnikov has died. He was 94. Kalashnikov was born into poverty in the remote Altai mountains of Russia. Jonathan Marcus reports.

Mikhail Kalashnikov was a young sergeant in the Soviet army when he began to develop his new rifle. He created a rugged, simple and reliable weapon that could withstand the rigors of service in the field though some of its technology may have been borrowed from German weapons from late War II. His 1947 design became the standard equipment of the Soviet and Warsaw Pact armies. Versions were manufactured in several other countries including China. The Kalashnikov rifle with its distinctive curved magazine became a revolutionary icon in the hands of militants and insurgents around the globe.

World News from the BBC.
A prominent Syrian campaign group says it's believed more than 300 people including 87 children have been killed over the past week in a bombing campaign in the northern city of Aleppo. The UK based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights which opposes the government says Syrian war planes have been targeting areas held by rebels.

Suicide bombers have attacked a local television station in Iraq killing at least 5 journalists. Police say the 4 militants tried to take over the headquarters of the Salaheddin station in Tikrit. The security forces say they were able to retake control of the building after killing the militants.

Two members of the Russian punk band  Pussy Riot who have been released from jail say they will carry on their political protests. Maria Alyokhina and Nadezhda Tolokonnikova were jailed for hooliganism after a protest performance at Moscow's main cathedral in February last year. Bridget Kendall has more.

Today's release of the two Pussy Riot protesters was not unexpected. As mothers of young children, both were eligible under a recent Russian prison amnesty. But once free to speak out again, they were as defiant as ever, denouncing the decision to let them out as a publicity hoax, and declaring they'd continue their fight for human rights in Russia. Nadezhda Tolokonnikova compared the whole country to a penal colony. Maria Alyokhina promised new protests.

The authorities in Honduras say they are extraditing 18 Mexicans who posed as TV journalists and tried to smuggle more than 9 million dollars into the country. They were arrested last year when they tried to enter Honduras posing as reporters from Mexico's Televisa station. Police seized TV equipment and found the cash and traces of cocaine hidden in their vehicles. They were later sentenced by a tribunal in Honduras to up to 18 years in jail.

BBC News. 

humanity:人类

evacuation :撤离

blindfolded:蒙着眼睛的

squad:(军队中的)班

sergeant:中士

revolutionary:革命性的

Pussy Riot:是由俄罗斯5名女子组成的朋克乐队。Pussy Riot女子乐队于2012年2月末到莫斯科救世主大教堂演唱包含“亵渎神灵内容”的歌曲,引起了俄罗斯社会的巨大反响。警方随后逮捕了乐队的三名成员,之后莫斯科哈莫夫尼切斯基法院均判处三人2年徒刑,罪名是实施“流氓行为”。10月10日,莫斯科市法院将其中一人判决改为缓刑。自从俄罗斯女性主义朋克乐队 Pussy Riot被以“流氓罪”判处两年劳教以来,各种支持她们的声明、名人朗读和抗议活动此起彼,以至于我们很容易忽视一点,这个团体最初是一个艺术计划。Pussy Riot 的创始人包括由无政府主义异见人士组成的俄罗斯荒诞派团体 Voina的前成员。这支乐队和 Voina以及另一个全部由女性组成、以裸体表演著称的乌克兰抗议运动团体 Femen选择了不同的道路,不过三个团体是有共通点的:她们都致力于用艺术来号召和促进社会变革。
 

penal colony:(罪犯的)流放地

tribunal:特别法庭;法官席;裁决


BBC新闻,杰瑞·斯密特报道

联合国秘书长潘基文警告南苏丹交战各方,他们将为反人类罪承担责任。他再次呼吁总统萨尔瓦·基尔和反对派领导人举行会谈。娜妲·塔非克报道。

联合国秘书长潘基文表示全世界都在关注南苏丹的各方态势。他要求立即停止对平民和维和人员的攻击,并称关于以种族为目标屠杀的报道尤为让人担忧。

联合国一直竭力在其基地向寻求保护的大约四万五千人提供基本的生活需求。潘基文表示,他将建议安理会批准向南苏丹派遣更多军队和物资以执行联合国在那里的任务。与此同时,美国军方正准备撤离在南苏丹的美国公民及他国公民。

智利一名法官判处一军方行刑队的八名前成员最高15年监禁,理由是他们在数十年前杀害了14名政治犯.马蒂约•卡贝兹报道.

对于受害者的亲人来说,漫长的等待终于迎来了正义。1973年10月19日,位于智利北部安托法加斯塔市一所监狱中的14名政治犯被蒙着眼晴,载离监狱后实施枪决。法官莱奥波尔多·伊拉诺拉表示,8名前军方官员都与这次枪决有关,他们都是智利军方行刑组“死亡蓬车队”成员,该组织在奥古斯托·皮诺切特的军政府掌权期间处死了数十名政治犯。

一家阿根廷法院裁定前总统费尔南多·德拉鲁阿并未在2000年向参议员行贿以通过有争议的劳工改革法。法官称没有找到证据表明阿根廷参议院有行贿事件。被证实无辜的还包括前劳工部长在内的另外7名被控受贿或参与行贿的人。

卡拉什尼科夫突击步枪的设计者哈伊尔·卡拉什尼科夫去世。他享年94岁。卡拉什尼科夫出生在俄罗斯偏远山区阿尔泰山一个贫困家庭。乔纳森·马库斯报道。

当米哈伊尔·卡拉什尼科夫开始研制他的新枪械时,他在苏联军队中只是一名年轻的中士。他研制的武器坚固、简单、可靠,能够应对战地艰苦的环境,其中一些技术可能借鉴了二战后期德国的武器。他1947年设计的武器成为苏联和华沙军队的标准装备。他设计的一系列武器在包括中国在内的其他许多国家都有制造。卡拉什尼科夫步枪以其独特的弧形弹仓成为武装分子和叛乱组织手中革命的标志。

BBC世界新闻

叙利亚一个著名的战斗组称,在北部城市阿勒颇,过去一周发生的轰炸战已造成300多人,其中包括87名儿童丧生。位于英国的叙利亚人quan观察站,对政府持反对立场,称叙利亚战机已瞄准了叛军占据区。

伊拉克一家地方电视台发生自杀式爆炸袭击,造成至少五名记者死亡。警察称四名武装分子试图占领提克里特市的萨阿哈定电视台总部。安全部队表示在将武装分子击毙后,夺回了电视台的控制权。

俄罗斯朋克乐队“造反猫咪”两名成员被释放后表示,她们将继续政治示威活动。玛利亚·阿列希娜和娜杰日达·托罗克尼科娃于去年在莫斯科一家大教堂进行抗议式表演后,被当局以流氓罪判刑入狱。布丽姬特·肯德尔带来更多细节报道。

两名“造反猫咪”成员于今日被释放并不出人意料,二人都已经身为人母,因而符合俄罗斯近日出台的特赦要求。自一出狱起,她们的挑衅态度即一如往常,谴责当局让她们出狱不过是公然骗局,并宣称她们将继续为俄罗斯的人权奋战。娜杰日达•托罗克尼科娃将整个俄罗斯比作一个流放之地,而玛利亚•阿列希娜则承诺将举行新的抗议活动。

私自带入洪都拉斯境内,行迹败漏后遭逮捕。警察起获了电视台装备,在他们的车内发现藏有现金及可卡因痕迹。18人随后被洪都拉斯一法庭判处高达18年刑期。

BBC新闻。
 



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