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BBC英语新闻:2016-04-22 挪威杀77人恶魔告赢政府

2016-05-26    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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This is the BBC news. Hello, I am Jonathan Izard.

 
A court in Norway has upheld a claim of inhumane treatment brought by the mass murderer Anders Breivik who killed 77 people in a gunmen bomb rampage five years ago. He had claimed that his detention in solitary confinement was a violation of the European Convention on Human Rights. Tom Christensen is a reporter with Norway's national broadcast NRK, he says many people are astonished by the verdict. “The survivors from Utoya who was a part of this massacre, they are shocked. The prosecutors say that they would appeal to next higher court because they are very surprised that he has won over the government.”
 
The United States Supreme Court has ruled that frozen Iranian assets worth more than two billion dollars must be handed over to relatives of people killed in attacks blamed on groups backed by Tehran. More than 1000 Americans are affected by the decision which relates mainly to the 1983 Hezbollah bombing of a US marine barracks in Beirut, 241 marines were killed in the attack.
 
Russia has announced moves designed to convince the governing body of World Athletics the IAAF that its athletes should be allowed to compete in the Rio Olympics later this year. The sports administer said all those intending to take part in the games must undergo three independent anti-doping tests in advance. This would be in addition to existing controls. Two foreign experts would also be granted full access to the Russian anti-doping agency in Moscow.
 
The first criminal charges have been filed in the US state of Michigan in connection with the contamination of the water supply with lead in the city of Flint. Three officials have been charged with offences including tampering with evidence, conspiracy and misconduct in office, Gary O'Donoghue reports.  “In 2014, the city of Flint switched its water supply from Lake Huron to the local Flint river in a money saving exercise. Immediately, residents began complaining about the quality. It took 18 months for the Michigan authorities to acknowledge the problems. Leading to accusations, the residents of Flint were ignored because they are largely poor and black. But state and local officials face a number of investigations and Michigan’s attorney general Bill Schuette has promised to leave no stone unturned and more charges are expected shortly.”
 
An escape slave who freed hundreds of people from bondage is to be the face of redesigned 20 dollar bill in the United States. James Cook has the details. “Harriet Tubman was an American hero, a former slave who brave pedals to help hundreds of others follow her path to freedom, at first be a secret network known as the underground railroad, and then as a union spy in the civil war. After the war, Ms. Tubman, who struggled in poverty into the end of her life, fought for women suffrages. She replaces the slave-owning president Andrew Jackson on the front of the 20-dollar bill although he will continue to feature on the back.” World news from the BBC.
 
Peace talks aimed at ending the conflict in Yemen are due to start in Kuwait on Thursday. The UN brokered talks had been expected to start on Monday, but were delayed when the Houthi Rebels failed to appear, angry about they said were ceasefire violations.
 
The United Nations has begun to evacuate hundreds of wounded or sick people in their families from four besieged Syrian towns. Two of the towns Sadani and Madaya have been blockaded by pro-government forces. Two of the towns, Zabadani and Madaya, have been blockaded by pro-government forces. The others, al-Fouaand Kefraya in Idlib province, are surrounded by Islamist rebel groups.
 
The government of El Salvador says it’s deployed a new heavily armed unit to fight the country's notorious criminal gangs which’s started operating in rural areas. The special force of thousands of soldiers and police were operated with helicopters, armored cars and assault vans. The minister of defense said they would target about 100 gang leaders who’d left the cities because of government raids. El Salvador has one of the highest murder rates in the world.
 
The United States has become the latest country to open a criminal investigation into the leaked Panama papers. It's emerged that a New York district attorney has asked to discuss the documents with the consortium or journalists which disclose them. The leaked documents have revealed existence of offshore companies set up by a number of rich and powerful people including several international leaders.
 
Queen Elizabeth is celebrating her 90 years birthday on Thursday. Three photographs of the Monarch taken by Annie Leibovitz have been released to mark the occasion. Our royal correspondent Peter Hunt reports. “After celebrating her silver, golden and diamond Jubilees, the now 90-year old longest reigning monarch in British History who go and walk about in Windsor and light a beacon. As she enters her 10th decade, Buckingham Palace has released three pictures taken by the American photographer Annie Leibovitz, the Queen’s captured with her corgis, with her daughter Ann and with two of her grandchildren and her five great grandchildren.” BBC news.
 
【Key Points】

inhumane :非人道

rampage:狂暴行为

solitary confinement:单独囚禁

verdict:判决

hand over :转交

convince :说服

anti-doping:反兴奋剂

in advance:事先,提前

leave no stone unturned:千方百计,想尽办法

suffrage n.(政治性选举的) 选举权,投票权

slave-owning 奴隶主 

violations n. 违反( violation的名词复数 ),冒犯,违反(行为、事例)

evacuate v. 撤离,疏散,排泄, 腾出(房子等)

besieged v.包围,围困,围攻( besiege的过去式和过去分词 )

blockaded v. 实行封锁( blockade的过去式 ),阻塞,挡住

deploy v.(尤指军事行动) 使展开, 施展, 有效地利用

notorious adj.臭名昭著的,声名狼藉的

consortium n. 财团,组合,共同体,[法] 配偶的地位和权利

offshore adj. 近海的,离开海岸的,海外的,国外的

monarch n.君主,帝王,最高统治者

corgis n.威尔士矮脚狗

这里是英国广播公司新闻,我是乔纳森.伊泽德为您播报。

 

挪威一处法院批准了安德斯·布雷维克提出的非人道待遇补偿要求,布雷维克在5年前发动炸弹袭击,持枪杀害77人。而他表示,自己受到的拘押和单独囚禁违反了《欧洲人权公约》。汤姆·克里斯滕森是挪威国家电视台NRK的记者,他表示,很多人都对法院判决所震惊。“于特岛屠杀事件的幸存者感到非常震惊。检察官表示将向高级法院提起上诉,他们十分惊讶,安德斯的要求居然能获得通过。”

 

美国最高法院裁定,超20亿美元的伊朗被冻结资产必须转交给当初在贝鲁特被杀害的美国人的亲属。1983年,真主党对贝鲁特的一所美国海军陆战队营地进行了轰炸,杀死了241名美国海军陆战队员,伊朗政府一直被指支持了这次袭击。如今,此裁决将涉及超过1000名美国人。

 

俄罗斯宣布将采取行动来说服国际田联允许俄罗斯运动员参加今年的里约奥运会。国际田联表示,除了已规定的检查外,想参加比赛的俄罗斯运动员还必须在赛前通过三次独立的兴奋剂检查。同时,两名外国专家将全面参与在莫斯科的俄罗斯反兴奋剂组织工作。

 

美国密歇根州弗林特市,供水受铅污染一案的第一批犯罪起诉已经递交。三名官员因篡改证据、妨碍和误导政府工作而被起诉。请看加里·欧得诺德带来的报道。“2014年,为了节约成本,弗林特市停止从胡伦湖取水,转而从当地的弗林特河取水。但改变供水源后,居民们立刻爆出水的质量有问题。之后,密歇根有关部门花了18个月时间来调查此事。虽然事件最终导致三名官员被起诉,但由于弗林特居民大多贫穷且为黑人,故一直没有得到重视。如今,密歇根州政府和弗林特市政府都面临着一系列调查,而密歇根总检察官也表示一定会彻查到底,同时将在短期内提起更多诉讼。”

 

新版20元美钞上将会使用一名奴隶的头像,她曾成功逃脱南方,并帮助数百名奴隶获得了自由。请看詹姆斯·库克为您带来详细报道。“哈莉特·塔布曼是一位美国英雄,她本人曾是一名奴隶,但她在逃脱后又勇敢地使用自己走过的路线帮助几百名奴隶获得了自由,这条逃跑路线是一条秘密通道,最早被叫做“地下铁路”,后来在南北战争中被用于北方的间谍活动。战后,塔布曼不顾贫困,继续为争取妇女参选的权利而奋斗,直到逝世。如今,她的头像将取代美国前总统、身为奴隶主的安德鲁·杰克逊的头像,出现在新版20元美钞的正面,不过背面图案仍将是安德鲁·杰克逊。”这里是BBC为您带来的世界新闻。

 

旨在结束也门冲突的和平谈判定于周四在科威特举行。联合国原计划于周一召开的和谈,因为胡塞武装的代表未能出席而被推迟,据胡塞武装表示,他们对于自己被逼迫停火感到愤怒。

 

联合国已经开始从四个被围困的叙利亚城镇中转移数百名伤病员。其中,扎巴达尼和马达雅两个城镇是被叙利亚亲政府武装封锁,而另外两个城镇,位于伊德利布省的阿弗安得和科弗莱亚则是被伊斯兰反政府组织包围。

 

萨尔瓦多政府表示已经部署了新的武装力量来打击国内几个臭名昭著的黑帮团伙,有关行动已经在农村地区展开。这支武装精良的部队由数千名特种队员和警察组成,配备有直升机、装甲车和突击车等装备。萨尔瓦多防长表示,他们的目标是100多名黑帮头目,这些人在政府的追缴下从城市逃到了农村。萨尔瓦多是世界上谋杀事件最频繁的国家之一。  

 

美国成为最先将泄露的巴哈马文件立为刑事案件并介入调查的国家。这可见于,纽约市地方检察官受命与相关财团和揭露文件的记者进行会谈。泄露的文件暴露了一些离岸公司幕后创始人实为富人或当权者,包括几名世界闻名的领袖。 

 

周四,是伊丽莎白女王90岁生日庆典。由摄影师安妮·雷波维茨拍摄的三张庆典照片已经公布。请看我台王室通讯员彼得·亨特发来的报道。“如今,伊丽莎白二世已经先后经历了25、50和60周年庆典,成为英国历史上在位时间最长的君主。今天,90岁的她在温莎城堡内点亮了一座灯塔。为庆祝她进入人生的第十个十年,白金汉宫公布了三张由美国摄影师安妮·雷波维茨拍摄的照片,照片中,伊丽莎白女王牵着她的狗,她的女儿安、两位孙子和五位曾孙陪伴在她身边。”BBC报道。

 



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