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[农业报道]非洲需提高大米产量对抗饥饿

2014-04-11    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Agriculture Report.

Researchers are developing ways to increase rice production in Africa as part of efforts to fight hunger. Their work was discussed at the African Rice Congress in Cameroon last month. Experts say 60 percent of the thirty million tons of rice used in Africa is imported from Asia.

They estimate that Africa spends $5 billion on rice imports every year. And yet the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) says they are still rice shortages on the continent.

Rice production was reduced in some countries after the economic crisis of the 1990s. Samantana Mark is director general of Cameroon's rice production company, SEMRY.

He says that with beginning of the crisis, African countries stopped making investments in rice production and in the marketing of rice. Issues like climate change and extreme temperatures have slowed rice production, especially in areas south of the Saharan desert.

Plant disease is also a problem. But some African researchers say they have developed rice plants that can grow in areas with little rain fall.

Nigerian-born Adekoya Madinat works with the Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences.

"With this research we try to see how much water exactly is needed for rice production and try to see which genes are actually recruited during the event of droughts. So these genes can be used to develop drought-resistant varieties that can be planted with minimal water and we still have very good yields and food security," said Madinat.

Delegates to the congress called for great mechanization of African agriculture, and they agree that investing in rice production requires a lot of money.

Robert Guei works for the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization. He says that investments in rice production should be a top issue for African governments seeking to end hunger and poverty.

"African governments have to support small companies. These people have to be encouraged so governments have to come out with good policies whereby these companies are subsidized. Help them to have credits to banks and loans so that they can produce these varieties of rice and distribute and this is what FAO is doing now, talking to governments to set up policies," said Guei.

Experts say that currently, African countries produce about 12 million tons of rice per year.

And that's the Agriculture Report from VOA Learning English. Transcripts, MP3s and podcasts of our reports are at putclub.com. We are also on Facebook, YouTube, LinkedIn, Twitter and iTunes at VOA Learning English.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2013-11-12


这里是美国之音慢速英语农业报道。

研究人员正在找寻方法增加非洲地区的大米产量,以此作为消除饥饿的手段。上个月在喀麦隆举行的非洲稻米大会上讨论了这个问题。专家们声称,非洲食用的3000万吨大米中有60%的是从亚洲进口的。

他们估计非洲每年有50亿都花费在进口大米上。然后联合国粮农组织(FAO)称,非洲仍然短缺大米。

自十九世纪二十年代,经济危机之后,很多国家大米的产量就在减少。Samantana Mark就职于喀麦隆大米生产公司SEMRY。

他认为,在危机开始初期,非洲国家就停止在大米生产和经营上的投资。像气候变化,极端气温都使大米产量下降,特别是在沙哈拉沙漠南部地区,这种情况更加明显。

作物疾病也是一个问题。但是某些非洲专家声称,他们已经研究出能在少雨地区就能生长的大米作物。

尼日利亚出生的Adekoya Madinat就职于上海农业科学院。

“通过这项研究,我们弄清楚了大米生产究竟要多少水,看那些基因能在干旱时候发挥作用。然后该种基因可以用于开发抗旱品种,这种品种就可以在少水的地方种植,这样就能有很好的收成,确保粮食安全。”Madina说到。

参加大会的代表呼吁实施南非农业机制,他们认为,投资大米生产需要很多钱。

Robert Guei就职于联合国粮农组织,他认为,大米生产投资应该作为非洲各国解决饥饿和贫困问题的首要大事。

“非洲各国必须支持小公司。必须鼓励这些人,所以政府必须提供好的政策,这样这些公司就能得到资助。帮助他们获得银行贷款,这样他们就能生产出这些大米品种,粮农组织正在与各政府商谈制定这些政策。”Guei说到。

专家认为,目前,非洲国家每年大约生产平均1200吨大米。



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