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[农业报道]美国农民的新面孔

2014-05-23    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Agriculture Report.

Have you ever wondered what the average American farmer looks like? A new report says he is a 58-year-old white man. That information comes from the United States Census Bureau, a government agency that collects and studies information about the nation's population and economy.

The report also says farmers 65 and older are the fastest growing population group. As these farmers retire, American agriculture will experience big changes. The report suggests what some of those changes might look like and why they might not be so bad.

Adrienne Gibson works a small piece of land in the rolling north of Knoxville, Tennessee. She is something of a new face in American agriculture. First of all, she is a woman. And secondly, she is a minority, and she is succeeding in an industry controlled mostly by white men.

But the Census Bureau report suggests that may be changing. The number of minority farmers working American soil is growing, and fast. The report also suggests that U.S. farms are getting smaller.

Adrienne Gibson earns money by using a Community Supported Agriculture, or CSA, model of farming. As a CSA farmer, she raises food for a handful of buyers who agree to pay her before her crops are ready.

"We have 23 CSA customers. They subscribe to supporting the farm, and in return they get a weekly basket of vegetables from May through October," said Gibson.

Nate Phillips teaches farming at Middle Tennessee State University. He says smaller farms are partly a reaction to changes in the way Americans think about their food.

"There's growing interest in where our food is coming from, what is the food quality, things like that. I think we'll continue to see that increase," said Phillips.

This movement is often called farm to table, it means that more Americans are starting to buy food that is grown locally. And they want to know exactly where their food is coming from. Nate Phillips adds that more younger people are entering farming because of this trend.

"I'm seeing a lot more students from Nashville, or the cities, that are coming in that didn't grow up around agriculture, weren't from an agricultural background, but had that interest," Phillips said.

Nate Phillips thinks it is good that the people who grow food are beginning to look more like the people who eat it.

"It reflects our general society. It reflects what our communities are like around us, and I think that's a great thing for agriculture," Phillips said.And that's the Agriculture Report, I'm Anna Matteo.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-05-06


这里是美国之音慢速英语农业报道。

你是否好奇过一般的美国农民是什么样的?最新的报道称他是一个58岁的白人男子。该信息来源于美国人口统计局,这是一家政府机构,搜集和调查关于人口和经济的信息。

该报道称,65岁以及以上的人群增长速度最快。因为农民退休了,美国农业将会经历巨大改变。该报道说明了可能出现的变化,以及为什么这可能不是坏的变化。

艾德丽·安吉布森(Adrienne Gibson)在在田纳西州的诺克斯维尔市起伏的北部种了一小片田。她是美国农业中出现的新面孔。首先,她是一名女性。其次,她是一名少数民族,并且他是在由白人控制的这一行业中取得了成功。

但是人口调查局的报告表示,这种现象可能有所变化。少数名族种地的数量在迅速增加,美国本土农民数量在减少。

艾德丽·安吉布森(Adrienne Gibson)采用社区支持农业(CSA)的耕种方式赚钱。作为社区支持农业的农民,她微少数买家提供食物,这些买家同意在她种出粮食之前就先付款.

“我们又23名社区支持农业消费者。他们同意支持农场,最为回报,他们从五月到十月的每个周,都可以得到一揽子新鲜蔬菜。”吉布森说。

内特·菲利普斯(Nate Phillips)在中田纳西州州立大学教农业。他说,小农场产生的部分影响会改变美国人对食物的看法。

“他们会对我们的食物来自何处,质量怎样这类问题感到好奇。我认为这种现象还会持续发展。”菲利普斯说。

这种运动通常被成为从农场到餐桌。这就意味着,越来越多的美国人会开始买本地生长的蔬菜了。他们想确切知道自己吃的食物是从哪儿来的。菲利普斯补充说,因为这种趋势,越来越多的年轻人到农场工作。

“我看到很多来自纳什维尔市或一些城市的学生进入农业,他们并不是在农场环境中长大的,也有没农业背景,但是就是对这方面感兴趣。”菲利普斯说道。

内特·菲利普斯(Nate Phillips)说,粮食的种植者和粮食的食用者开始同步,这是好事。

“这会反应了我们大众社会,反应了我们周围的社区。我想这对农业来说是件大好事。”菲利普斯说道。

这是本期农业报道,我是安娜·马特奥(Anna Matteo)



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