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[农业报道]塞内加尔严管非法捕鱼

2014-06-06    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Agriculture Report.

The government of Senegal and the organization Sea Shepherd have launched a campaign against illegal fishing along the country's coast. The non-profit group is helping to prevent the poaching of hundreds of thousands of tons of tuna, swordfish and sharks each year.

People called the program "Sunu Gaal", that is a local term meaning "my canoe." The Sea Shepherd is providing a boat with a crew trained to help catch poachers. Senegalese naval ships are also involved in the campaign.

Lamya Essemlali is leading Sea Shepherd's effort to help guard the Senegalese coast.

"What we are doing is documenting illegal vessels and reporting to the navy, and right now the next stage is to have the officials who are on board with us to board those vessels and to check further into whether they are complying." said Essemlali.

Some crews use nets and other equipment to hide the names of their ships. Ms Essemlali says poaching vessels recently have been flying the Senegalese flag. Other ships do have the required documents, but she says they still may be breaking international and Senegalese law. She says her group's increased guarding of the waters has been effective.

"We have a good network of informants that can help us target the illegal fishing vessels. Now, they are more careful because the word came out that Senegal is trying to stop illegal fishing." said Essemlali.

She says poachers used to catch fish in daylight, but she says they are being more careful now. They poach at night and flee if they think they are being followed.

"They are more cautious. They stand behind the border and they come at night and they run away across the border when they feel they are being followed." said Essemlali.

The Sea Shepherd official says the campaign also means to educate buyers of fish in industrial countries. She says they should know that the food they eat comes from an area that depends on legal exports of fish to make money and feed people. Health experts estimate that fish provide more than 66 percent of animal protein eaten in West Africa.

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization says fisheries and related industries provide 25 percent of all employment in West Africa. Other numbers show there are hundreds of thousands of jobs related to fish in Senegal, Sierra Leone and Guinea.

European Union rules have made it easier to find out where fish are caught. Ships and governments that do not cooperate may be barred from the waters. Reports say three countries right now could face such restrictions. Eight other nations have been asked to fix their problems, or face limitations on their seafood exports to the EU.

And that's the Agriculture Report from VOA Learning English. I'm Christopher Cruise.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-05-13


这里是美国之音慢速英语,农业报道。

塞内加尔政府和海洋守护者协会发起了反对在该国海岸沿线非法捕鱼的运动。该非盈利性组织每年都在帮助防止成千上百吨鲔鱼、旗鱼和鲨鱼被偷捕

人们将此项目叫做“Sunu Gaa”在当地的术语中就叫“我的独木舟。”海洋守护者协会向训练有素的船员提供船只,帮助他们抓住盗鱼者。塞内加尔的海军也参与此项目。

Lamya Essemlali领导海洋守护者,帮助他们一同保护塞内加尔海岸。

“我们所做的工作就是记录非法船并向海军报道。下一个阶段是让我们船上的官员登上这些船只,进一步检查他们是否守法。”Essemlal说到。
 
一些船员用渔网和其他设备来掩盖他们船只的名字。 Essemlali女士说到,最近,盗鱼船只挂上了塞内加尔的国际。其他的船只持有所需文件,但是她说,这些船只仍然违反了国际和塞内加尔法律。她说,她的船只加大对该水域的警戒,一直比较有成效。

“我们拥有一个良好的线人网络来帮助我们寻找非法渔船。现在,他们更加仔细了,因为塞内加尔正在试图阻止非法捕鱼的消息蔓延开来。Essemlali说。

她说盗渔者通常都是在白天盗鱼,但是如今他们更为谨慎。如果他们认为自己被跟踪了,就会晚上盗鱼,以便逃跑。
 
“他们更加小心了,躲在边境线后面,晚上他们才过来,当他们感觉有人跟踪就越过边境逃跑。”

海洋守护者协会表示,这项运动这项运动还意味着对工业化国家的鱼类买家进行教育。她说,他们应该知道自己吃的食物来自于一个依赖鱼类合法出口养家糊口的地区。健康专家估计,鱼类提供了西非食用的动物蛋白的66%以上。

联合国粮农组织说,在西亚,渔业及相关产业提供的就业岗位占到了所有岗位的25%。其他数据显示,在塞内加尔、塞拉利昂和几内亚,还有数十万就业岗位和鱼类相关。

欧盟规定使得找出鱼类捕获地更为容易。不配合的船只和政府可能被禁止进入该水域。有报道称,目前已经有3个国家可能面临这类限制。还有8个国家被要求要么解决他们的问题,要么面临对其海产品出口到欧盟的限制。

这是本期的美国之音农业报道,我是 Christopher Cruise.



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