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VOA慢速[农业报道]柬埔寨产出世界最好大米

2015-01-30    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Agriculture Report.

 For the third straight year, the World Rice Conference has voted Cambodian rice as the world’s best. This year Cambodia shares the award with Thailand.

Cambodia produced just one percent of the world’s rice in 2012. It is trying to increase that amount. The award may help.

The country’s rice industry is small and not well-organized. As a result, large amounts of unmilled, or unprocessed, rice is sent to Thailand and Vietnam where it is sold for a higher price. But rice is very important to Cambodia’s economy. Many Cambodians survive in part by growing rice on small pieces of land.

Sok Puthyvuth is the president of the Cambodia Rice Federation.

“We need better seeds, we need a better collection process, we need better storage, we need better logistics, and also our exports need to brand Cambodian rice to be one of the top brand(s) in the world.”

The group has set a target of one million tons of milled rice exported by 2015. So far this year, Cambodia has exported around 400,000 tons, mostly to European Union countries.

Keat Chhon is Cambodia’s deputy prime minister. He says increasing rice exports will improve the lives of many of the country’s farmers.

He says the purpose of the rice policy is to reduce poverty and help people in rural areas earn more. This shrinks the development gap between rural and urban areas.

China is loaning the country $300 million to help Cambodia develop its rice industry, including improving storage.

But exporter David Van says the country’s rice industry continues to suffer from the same problems it has had for many years. He says these include the high cost of electricity and a lack of good seeds. And he says the country’s rice industry needs to change the way it markets its product to show it is different from what other countries offer.

“You need to differentiate your product from your competitor next door. Otherwise, you will keep on being compared automatically to what the next-door competitor is offering.”

Cambodia faces other problems. Countries like Myanmar also want to increase their rice exports. And, Thailand has extra rice, which is forcing down prices.

The award for best rice may help Cambodia grow its exports even if it does not reach its million-ton target next year. And that will help the industry and millions of Cambodia’s poor farmers.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-12-23


连续三年,世界水稻会议投票赞成柬埔寨大米是世界上最好的大米。今年柬埔寨与泰国共同获此殊荣。

2012年柬埔寨水稻产量只占世界产量的1%。它尝试增加其产量,该项奖会有益于此举。

该国水稻产业规模很小,并且没有条理。最终导致的结果是,大量未碾磨或者未加工的水稻发往泰国和越南,这些地方出售的价格更高。但是大米对柬埔寨经济非常重要。许多柬埔寨人依靠在小块土地上种植大米勉强度日。

Sok Puthyvuth是柬埔寨大米联合会主席

“我们需要种子,我们需要更好的收割过程,我们需要更好的储备,我们需要更好的物流,并且我们的出口需要品牌,柬埔寨水稻是世界顶尖品牌之一。”

该组织设置了一个目标,到2015年出口大米100万吨。到今年为止,柬埔寨已经出口40万吨,几乎都是出口到欧盟国家。

Keat Chhon是柬埔寨副首相。他说,增加大米出口将会提高很多国家农民的生活。

他说,大米政策的目的是减少贫困,帮助农村地区的人挣更多的钱。这将缩小农村和城镇地区之间的发展差距。

中国贷出3亿元来帮助柬埔寨发展其水稻产业,包括改善存储。

但是专家David Van说,该国的水稻业很多年来一直遭受着同样的问题。他说其中包括电力的高成本和缺乏优质种子。并且他还表示该国的水稻业需要改变其市场,其产品来证明它有别于其他国家提供的产品方式。

“你需要同你的竞争对手有产品上区别。否则,你将只能同隔壁竞争对手对比。”

柬埔寨面临其他问题。像缅甸这些国家也想增加其大米出口。此外,泰国大米产量过剩,这就迫使其价格低廉。
 
即使明年柬埔寨没有达到百万吨的目标,这项对最好大米的奖励也可能帮助柬埔寨增加其出口量。并且还将能对该行业和柬埔寨数百万贫困农民有帮助。



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