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[经济报道]刚果东部矿产进口与武装冲突问题

2014-04-02    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report.

Western governments want to cut links between the conflict in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo and the area's mineral exports. Both the United States and the European Union have act to tight control of minerals imports to avid fueling the conflict in eastern Congo.

The United States Congress passed the Dodd Frank Act in 2010. The law deals mainly with financial rules, but it also includes a special requirement for America listed companies. It says buyers of tin, tantalum, tungsten or gold need to show they have not support conflict in Africa's Great Lakes area.

Now, the European Union is also writing a bill to prevent deals that help private armies in the eastern Congo.

A delegation from the European parliament has been visiting Rwanda, Burundi and the Congo to see how the proposed law would affect those countries.

Judith Sargentini is leading the delegation. She says the aim of the European law is to help break the link between the minerals trade and armed conflict.

She suggests the law will require EU companies buying minerals to prove their were mined without supporting the conflict in the Congo.

"We cannot just have the U.S. work on this issue, when we are the big trading countries with Africa, and ignore this. It will influence European companies that want to trade on the U.S. market, but besides that, more importantly, Europe has a responsibility to watch a lot of countries that are actual even former colonies," says Sargentini.

She says the bill is not a reaction to an increase in Chinese imports of these minerals by companies that are not concerned about the Dodd Frank Act.

"But I would say that European communication on trade and raw materials of course is completely influenced by the fear that Europe has, that China will buy out everything, and we don't have anything in the future any more," says Sargentini.

Judith Sargentini says the American law reduced trade and jobs. She notes that the proposed law will not stop imports from eastern Congo. She says some imports will continue, even if the minerals were minded under what she called "bad circumstances."

Critics say the Dodd Frank Act stop trade and led to the illegal transport of minerals through nearby countries. Ms Sargentini agrees, but says the planed law should have a different effect.

She says the EU trade commissioner wants to increase trade with the Congo. She says the law will reward businesses that make an effort to trade minerals fairly and openly.

Some Congolese experts say they think the Dodd Frank Act has helped to cut the flow of money to militia leaders.

In eastern Congo, workers at the Enough Project say people have changed behaviors because of it. But the conflict minerals part of the law has yet to be enforced.

And that's the Economics Report from VOA Learning English, I'm Mario Ritter.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2013-11-08


这里是美国之音慢速英语经济报道。

西方政府希望彻底消除刚果民主共和国东部武装出土和该地区矿产出口之间的联系。美国和欧盟已经采取措施严格控制矿产进口,以避免刚果东部武装冲突升级。

美国国会于2010年通过了《《多德弗兰克法案》》(Dodd-Frank Act)。法案主要制订了金融条规,但也包括了一项针对美国上市公司的特殊要求:锡、钽、钨或黄金购买者必须表明他们不支持南非大湖地区的武装冲突。

如今,欧盟也在起草法案禁止矿产交易向刚果东部地区私人武装提供帮助。

欧洲议会的一个代表团一直在访问过卢旺达、布隆迪及刚果,观察拟定的法案如何影响这些国家。

Judith Sargentini率领这个代表团,她表示欧盟该项法案旨在打破矿产贸易和武装处突的联系。

她暗示法案将会要求购买矿产的欧盟公司证明在不支持刚果武装冲突的前提下开采矿产。

Sargentini 表示,“我们不能仅仅让美国为此事出力,况且我们是非洲更大的贸易国,不能坐视不理。这将影响希望进入美国市场的欧洲国家,此外,更重要的是欧洲有责任监督许多实际上曾是殖民地的国家。”

她表示该法案并非针对不顾《多德弗兰克法案》的公司,增加中国这类矿产进口量的回应。

Sargentini 表示:“但是,我想说的是欧洲在贸易和原材料上的交流完全被就欧洲的担忧所影响,我们担心中国会卖光所有东西,我们在日后将没有余地。Judith Sargentini称美国这项法律减少了贸易和就业机会,她强调拟定的法案不会禁止从刚果东部进口,她表示一些进口将会继续,即使这些矿产在所谓的“不合时宜”的情况下开采的。

批评者称《多德弗兰克法案》有碍贸易,导致矿产通过邻国的矿产非法运输。Sargentini女士承认,但是表示拟定的法案将会带来不同的影响。

她表示欧盟贸易专员希望促进和刚果的贸易。她表示法案将奖励对矿产贸易公开公正努力的公司。

一些刚果专家称《多德弗兰克法案》有助于切断民兵领导人的资金流。

工作于刚果东部的Enough Project的员工称人们已经因为法案而有所改变。但是法案关于避免冲突的矿产部分尚未实行。



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