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[经济报道]移民者推动纽约经济发展

2014-05-13    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report.
 
For many years, immigrants have sought better lives for themselves in New York City. Now, a new study says, that immigrants also have helped the city's economy remain strong. New York is in many ways a city of immigrants. The Mayor's office says, the group makes up more than 40 percent of New York's population.
 
Nisha Agarwal is the immigration commissioner for the city. She says immigrants help drive the city.
 
"So we are an immigrant-rich city, and immigrants are in our schools. They are driving our economy at all levels and in all professions. And we need to support that because it not only benefits the families involved, but it benefits the city as a whole," said Agarwal.
 
The Americas Society/Council of the Americas, or AS/COA seeks to educate the public about issues affecting the Americans. The group supported a recent study that examines the part immigrants play in New York City's economy. The study looked at immigration records and neighborhood police reports between 1990 and 2010.
 
The report's author, Jacob Vigdor says New York City's economy and the quality of life improved during that period. He said there was a link between improvements in aging neighborhoods and immigration.
 
"The immigrants go to these neighborhoods because they are the only places they can afford, and they stabilize those neighborhoods. They reduce the vacancy rates. They reduce the state of disrepair, and these are the things that kind of lead to crime dropping," said Vigdor.
 
Robert Sampson is a social policy professor at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He says immigrants who take risks to come to America are often less likely to take part in crime and more likely to work hard.
 
"So why would you come to this country? Well, you want to work. You want to get ahead. You want to raise your family, you want to build, essentially, a community," said Sampson.
 
Immigrant businesses also help to drive growth in New York. Kate Brick works for AS/COA. He says immigrants do work that others will not.
 
"Like in the agricultural sector, the manufacturing sector [and] the service industry. It runs the gamut. And at the same time, immigrants coming to the US are extremely diverse. In addition to people who are working in lower paying jobs, you have some of the best minds in the world that are here working in the tech industry, and in engineering, in science, in the medical field," said Brick.
 
Jacob Vigdor says, all immigrants help support the economy in some way by paying sales taxes and property taxes.
 
"You need to buy things, and, when you buy things, you pay sales taxes. You need to live someplace. Whether you own a place or rent a place, there are property taxes on that dwelling, and property taxes and sales taxes are major sources of revenue for any kind of municipal government," said Vigdor.
 
AS/COA hopes the reports will influence other U.S. cities to welcome immigrants in ways that help everyone.
 
文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-05-02


这里是美国之音慢速英语经济报道。

多年来,移民者在纽约致力为自己创造更优质的生活。近日,一项新的研究指出,移民者也有助于城市经济保持活力。从许多方面而言,纽约是一座移民者的城市。市长办公室称移民者占了纽约人口的40%以上。

Nisha Agarwal是纽约移民官员,她表示移民者有利于带动城市发展。

Agarwal 说:“所以,我们是一座移民者居多的城市,移民者在我们的学校里。从事于各行各业的他们全方面地在促进纽约经济。所以我们对此予以支持,不仅仅是因为这样有利于相关家庭,也因为其有利于整座城市。”

美洲理事会和美洲协会(AS/COA)致力于向公众进行关于影响美国人的一些问题的教育。该组织支持一项最新关于调查移民者在纽约经济中的角色的研究。研究查阅了1990年至2010年期间的移民记录和街区警察报告。

报告的撰写人Jacob Vigdor表示纽约的经济和生活品质在这段时间得以改善。他称老街区的改善和移民之间有关联。

Vigdor. 说:“移民者到这些街区,因为这里是他们唯一能负担的地方,他们稳定了那些区域,降低了空置率,改善了年久失修的状况,这些因素将导致犯罪率下降。”

Robert Sampson是坐落于马萨诸塞州剑桥市的哈佛大学的社会政策学教授,他表示敢于冒险到美国的移民者通常不太可能参与犯罪,更可能努力工作。

“你为什么来这个国家?你想找份工作,想进步,想养家糊口,本质而言,你想构建社区。”

移民行业也有助于带动纽约发展,Kate Brick在美洲理事会和美洲协会工作,他表示移民者会从事别人不做的岗位。

Brick说:“如农业、制造业和服务业,其他行业也是如此。与此同时,到美的移民者非常多样化。除了工作于底薪岗位的移民者,世界上一些聪明绝顶的人才来此工作于高科技产业、工程业、科学和医疗领域。”

Jacob Vigdor表示所有移民者通过缴纳销售税和财产税来支持经济。

“人们需要购物,购物时就会缴销售税。人们需要有地方住,无论是有房子还是租房子,就会缴财产税。资产税和消费税是任何市政府的主要收益渠道。”

美洲理事会和美洲协会希望该报告将影响美国其他城市,以双赢的方式欢迎移民者。



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