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VOA慢速[经济报道]中国推出沪港通

2014-12-24    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report.

Investors in Hong Kong and Shanghai may now invest in a limited group of securities on either city's stock exchange.  C. K. Chow is the chairman of Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing. He called the move “a breakthrough in the opening of China’s financial markets and an important milestone in the development of Hong Kong.” He said the new way to invest made Hong Kong a gateway between mainland China and international investors.
 
The Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect gives investors the ability to buy stocks listed in mainland China. It also permits Chinese investors to buy stocks listed in Hong Kong.
 
There are limits, however, to the value and the kinds of stocks that can be traded. Investors may trade only a total of $3.8 billion-dollars-worth of stocks each day.
 
Julian Evans-Pritchard is a China economic expert at Capital Economics based in Singapore. He told VOA’s Victor Beattie that the move to open the stock exchanges to each other was important.  But Mr. Evans-Pritchard noted that the total value of stock that can be traded is a relatively small quota.
 
“The immediate impact of the scheme is not likely to be that big and that is partly because regulators are taking a very cautious approach to limiting the quota to about one percent of the market capitalization of each market.”
 
Mr. Evans-Pritchard says, if the quota is filled, officials may see a reason to increase it over time and open up the exchange further. The stock plan represents a limited reform measure. Mr. Evans-Pritchard says what is important is that China is opening up its capital account to foreign investment money, which can come in or go out.
 
China’s stock market offerings have had limited success in recent years. The biggest public stock offering by a Chinese company, Alibaba, took place on the New York Stock Exchange rather than within China.
 
It was not clear if Chinese officials would approve the plan. Mr. Evans-Pritchard notes that the protests in Hong Kong had raised questions about whether Chinese officials would permit the plan, or scheme, to go forward.  
 
“I know some people had talked about the scheme being cancelled as a result of the Hong Kong protest as a kind of punishment. But, I don’t think that was in their interest.”
 
Michael McCormack is a financial advisor and executive director at Z-Ben Advisors based in Shanghai. He says the move is a major change that could increase the number of shareholders.
 
"I think it's likely that we're going to see a lot of the state-owned firms in China - companies where one branch of the government or another owns 40 to even 80 percent of the firm - try to sell off their shares into the market and broaden the shareholding base. Both inside China and internationally… That would be the really significant change."  
 
And that’s the Economics Report for VOA Learning English. I’m Mario Ritter.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-11-21


这里是美国之音慢速英语经济报道。

香港和上海投资者现在可在两地证券交易所投资一组规定范围内的股票。周松岗是香港交易所主席。他称此举是“中国金融市场开放的重大突破,也是香港发展的重要里程碑”。他表示新的投资渠道使香港成为中国大陆和国际投资者间的桥梁。

沪港通让投资者可以购买中国大陆的上市股票,也允许中国大陆投资者购买香港的上市股票。

但是,沪港通的额度和种类均有所限制。投资者每天仅可交易总额度为38亿美元的股票。

Julian Evans-Pritchard是新加坡凯投宏观的中国经济专家,他告诉美国之音记者Victor Beattie两地彼此开放证券交易所的举措至关重要,但是Evans-Pritchard先生指出可交易的股票总额度占比相对较小。

“该决策的直接影响可能不太大,部分原因是监管部门采取十分谨慎的措施,将配额限制在各市场市值的1%左右。”

Evans-Pritchard先生称如果配额已满,官员可能有理由随着时间推移增加配额并进一步开放股票交易。股票方案代表的改革举措有限。Evans-Pritchard先生称重要的是中国正向自由流动的外国投资资金开放资本账户。

近几年,中国股市发行取得的成功有限。中国阿里巴巴公司最大的公开募股是在纽约证券交易所进行的而非中国国内。

中国官员是否会通过该方案尚未明确。Evans-Pritchard先生称香港抗议活动引发人们的质疑,中国官员是否会同意该方案继续推进。

“我知道有人曾经谈到,作为对香港抗议的惩罚,已经取消了该方案,但是,我认为这并不符合其利益。”

Michael McCormack是总部在上海的咨奔商务咨询公司的财务顾问和执行总监,他表示此举可吸引更多股东。

“我认为我们可能会看到那些政府占股高达40%,甚至80%的国企将设法向市场出售股份,同时扩大股权基地,不管是在中国国内还是国际上,这都是重大变革。”

这就是美国之音慢速英语经济报道,我是Mario Ritter。



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