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VOA慢速[经济报道]俄罗斯卢布现复苏迹象

2015-02-04    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report.
 
The value of Russia's money recently dropped by 20 percent in one day. The ruble soon regains some of its value compared to the dollar. However, the decreasing value of Russia's money has raised fears in Moscow of rising prices.
 
Russia's Central Bank has increased interest rates to 17 percent in an effort to support the value of the currency. Russian officials are seeking help from some of the countries' biggest companies.
 
In December, Russian Prime Minister Dmitri Medvedev met with the heads of export businesses, including the energy companies Rosneft and Gazprom.
 
He urged exporters to sell their foreign currency earnings, rather than save them, in an effort to support Russia's currency.
 
But not everyone is hurt by the ruble's decrease. Andrei Braginsky is a director of communications for Moscow Exchange. He says not all companies are suffering because of the falling value of the ruble.
 
"I think it really depends on company by company. Those exporters that have revenue in foreign currency and, of course, in rubles, they are not actually suffering that significantly," Braginsky said.
 
Russian exporters are paid in foreign currency, and can make gains when the ruble's value is low. Importers, however, suffer the most when their currency decreases in value, because foreign goods cost them more.
 
The U.S. computer company Apple halted online sales of its product in Russia to prevent losses from the exchange rate between the dollar and the ruble.
 
Russians looking for goods at stores in Moscow are buying them up because they are expecting price increases.
 
"Now, consumers are buying hectically. Because Russia largely [relies] on imported goods. There are a lot of stocks which were brought into the country at different currency levels. So, people are buying iPhones, they're buying imported cars, and the clothes, and everything they could buy still at old prices. So, it's a -- short-term at least, it's a consumer boom," Braginsky said.
 
Financial experts say the ruble's drop in value is not only affect the price buyers pay for goods. It also makes it more difficult for Russian companies to pay foreign debts. This has caused concern that some Russian companies may default or be unable to make their debt payments.
 
Falling oil prices and Western restrictions over Russia's actions in Ukraine are some of the reasons that the ruble's value has dropped.
 
In mid-December, the European Union agreed to increase sanctions against Russia. They include restrictions on finance and tourism in Crimea.
 
But economists say Russia faces a more basic problem -- its inability to use oil money to widen its economic activities and gain foreign investment.
 
And that is the Economics Report from VOA Learning English. I'm Mario Ritter.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-12-26


这里是美国之音慢速英语经济报道。

近日,俄罗斯货币卢布币值在一天内暴跌20%。卢布兑美元的汇率很快回升。但是,卢布不断贬值让人们担忧莫斯科物价上涨。

俄罗斯央行已经提高利息至17%以维护卢比币值。俄罗斯官员开始求助于本国一些大型企业。

12月,俄罗斯总理梅德韦杰夫会见了包括能源公司俄罗斯石油公司和俄罗斯天然气工业股份公司的出口企业负责人。

他敦促出口商出售外汇而非存下来,以维护俄罗斯货币。

但是并非所有人都因为卢布贬值而受损。Andrei Braginsky是莫斯科交易所的传媒主管,他表示并非所有公司都因为卢布贬值而受损。

Braginsky说:“我认为这取决于各个公司,那些以外汇营收的出口商实际上没有严重受损。”

俄罗斯的出口商用外币结算,当卢布币贬值时还可从中获利。但是,进口商在卢布贬值时,因为外国商品成本更贵而损失惨重。

美国苹果电脑公司停止其产品在俄罗斯的在线销售,防止因为美元和卢布间的汇率的损失。

俄罗斯人买光了莫斯科商店的商品,因为他们认为物价会上涨。

Braginsky 称:“如今,购买者正疯狂购物,因为俄罗斯相当依赖进口产品,许多库存的进口价格都不同,所以,很多人在抢购苹果产品、进口车、衣服及所有他们能用以前价格购买的商品。因此,至少从短期来看是一次消费热潮。”

金融专家称卢布贬值不仅仅影响消费者购买商品价格,也使俄罗斯公司难以支付外债,有人担心一些俄罗斯公司可能会债务违约。

油价下跌和西方因俄罗斯在乌克兰的行动进行制裁是卢布贬值的部分原因。

12月中旬,欧盟同意对俄罗斯进一步制裁,包括对克里米亚金融和旅游的限制。

但是,一些经济学家称俄罗斯面临更基本的问题是无法利用石油收入扩张经济活动和获取外国投资。

以上是美国之音慢速英语经济报道,我是Mario Ritter。



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