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[教育报道]少年犯的救赎

2014-02-12    来源:putclub    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Education Report.

The path to prison often starts at a young age. One way to keep young offenders out of the criminal justice system is called restorative justice.

One of the first non-profits organizations to use this method is Community Works in Oakland, California. The organization now handles 100 cases a year, it works in partnership with the district attorney's office and the probation department.

Matthew Golde is a prosecutor in the district attorney's office. He says prison is not the best solution for most young people who commit crimes.

"We know what happens when you incarcerate juveniles for a long period of time. They come out worse. For the vast majority, it is not empirically the best thing to do. So the question is 'What do we do?'"

"I'm sorry for my actions on March 17, 2013, when you tried to stop me on the street in Berkeley. There is no excuse for what I did."

John is 16 years old. He got caught tagging, putting graffiti on a building. He tried to run away and hit a police officer while resisting arrest. John is reading his letter of apology to the officer.

"I still don't understand why I did it, but I do understand what a terrible choice it was to make in the moment. Hurting you was not my intention."

Instead of a judge, there is a facilitated. John's parents are attending the conference with the police officer he attacked. They are sitting in a circle, and speaking directly to each other.

Melissa Saavedra is an employee of Community Works, with her assistance, they agree on a restitution plan. John will perform 20 hours of community service and do work at home for his parents.

"He's monitored very closely by myself with the support of mom and dad. We go through a plan and do right by the victim."

John was given a second chance, He can return to school with no criminal record.

Sujatha Baliga is the Restorative Justice director with the National Council on Crime and Delinquency, she says studies show that offenders going through restorative conferencing are less likely to commit crimes again in the future.

Restorative justice is not well-known in the United States, but the system dates back hundreds of years, used by American Indian tribes and the aborigines of New Zealand. Mennonites in Ontario, Canada started the modern-day practice in the 1970s. The idea has since spread to other parts of the world.

Ruth Morgan is the executive director of Community Works. She says the group will soon expand the program to work with the district attorney in nearby San Francisco.

Restorative practices have already spread to public schools in the San Francisco and Oakland area. Teachers and administrators are using restorative circles and conferencing to reduce student suspensions and expulsions.

And that's the Education Report from VOA Learning English. I'm Christopher Cruise.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2013-10-10


这里是美国之音慢速英语教育报道。

 

锒铛入狱往往萌发在少年期间。一种避免少年犯进行刑事司法程序的措施被称为恢复性司法。

加州奥克兰的Community Works是启用该措施的首批非营利组织之一。如今,该组织已与地方检察官办公室和缓刑部门建立合作关系,每年处理的案例有百起。

Matthew Golde是地方检察官办公室的检察长。他表示监狱对多数少年犯而言并非最妥善的处理。

“就我们所知,长期监禁青少会发生什么,他们年出狱后,情况更糟糕。对绝大多数人而言,实际上这并非最好的处理。那么,问题在于'我们该怎么办?'”

“我对自己在2013年3月17日的行为深表歉意,当您试图在伯克利的街上阻止我时,我当时的行为不可原谅。”

16岁的约翰被逮到在建筑物上涂鸦,他试图逃跑,在拘捕时袭警。约翰正在读他写给那位警官的致歉信。

“我还是不明白当时我那么做的原因,但是我明白那是个糟糕的决定,我并无意伤害您。”

没有法官,而是一次调解。约翰的父母尽力和约翰袭击的警官进行谈话。他们几人围坐着,开诚布公。

Melissa Saavedra 是Community Works的职员,在她的协助下,他们同意了一个回归方案。约翰将完成20小时的社区服务并在家帮父母做家务。

“在约翰父母的支持下,我将严密关注他,我们和受害者通过了方案。”

约翰重获了机会,可以无犯罪记录重返学校。

Sujatha Baliga是美国犯罪与少年罪错理事会的恢复性司法负责人。她称研究显示接受恢复性司法的少年犯日后很少再次犯罪。


恢复性司法在美国名气不高,但是该系统追溯至几百年前,美洲印第安部落和新西兰土著居民采用。加拿大安大略的门诺派于20世纪70年代开始现代实践。至此,该理念传播至世界其他地区。

Ruth Morgan 是Community Works的执行总监。她表示,团队不久将拓展该项目与附近的圣弗朗西斯科的检察官合作。

恢复性司法的实施已经推广至圣弗朗西斯科和奥克兰地区的公立学校。老师和管理者正采用恢复性圆桌谈话,减少学生停学及退学的处分。
 



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