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[健康报道]埃塞尔比亚儿童死亡率降低2/3

2014-03-17    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.

The United Nations Children's Fund is praising Ethiopia for reaching one of the Millennium Development Goals on child survival. UNICEF officials say Ethiopia has reduced its number of child death by more than two-thirds.
 Between 1990 and 2012, the country reported a 67 percent drop in the number of children dying before the age of five.

Ethiopia's Minister of Health Kesetebirhan Admasu welcomed the good news, but he admitted that even with the improvement Ethiopia is considered a high-mortality country.

"If you look at the absolute number of children dying in Ethiopia, it is still huge. We have committed to end all preventive child deaths in a generation by 2035. And we have developed a roadmap to reach that ambitious target."

Diarrhea, pneumonia and malaria are the leading causes of death among young children in Ethiopia. In 1990, the country's death rate for children under five was one of the highest in the world, it was 204 death for every 1,000 births.

The rate is now at 68 per 1,000, this means that hundreds of thousands of Ethiopian children who might have died in earlier years now reach their fifth birthday.

Ethiopia is one of four African countries to have reached a Millennium Development Goal, the other three are Liberia, Malawi and Tanzania.

One of the reasons for Ethiopia's success is its Health Extension Program, because of it, 38,000 people were employed to bring health care services to a large part of the rural population.

Peter Salama is UNICEF representative to Ethiopia. He says Ethiopia's plan of action can serve as an example for other countries:

"Several other African countries have come to do study tours, including delegations from Togo, Guinea, Namibia - all came to study the health extension program and see how they can replicate this critical lesson of bringing health care to the doorstep of the rural population."

The United Nations first announced the Millennium Development Goals 13 years ago, the goals remain to help countries pay more attention to issues such as fighting extreme poverty.

Progress on the Millennium Development Goal of reducing child death is slow in most countries, only 13 of 61 countries are in a position to meet the goal.

And that's the Health Report from VOA Learning English. You can watch our captioned videos at the VOA Learning English channel on YouTube. You can also visit our website at putclub.com to find transcripts and audio of our shows. I'm Faith Lapidus.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2013-10-30


这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道。

联合国儿童基金会赞扬埃塞俄比亚在儿童生存率上实现了千年发展目标之一。儿童基金会官员表示,埃塞俄比亚的儿童死亡率已经降低了2/3以上。埃塞俄比亚报告称,1990年到2012年期间5岁以下儿童死亡数字下降了67%。

埃塞俄比亚卫生部长Kesetebirhan Admasu对这一好消息表示欢迎。但他承认,即使有了这些进步,埃塞俄比亚仍然是一个高死亡率的国家。

他说,“如果你看一下埃塞俄比亚儿童死亡的绝对数量就会发现该数字还是很庞大。我们致力于在2035年前终结所有可预防的儿童死亡。同时我们也已经制定实现这一宏伟目标的路线图。”

腹泻、肺炎和疟疾是埃塞俄比亚儿童死亡的主要原因。1990年,埃塞俄比亚是全球儿童死亡率最高的国家之一,该国当时每1000名新生儿中就有204人死亡。

现在该国的儿童死亡率为6.8%,这意味着数十万在前些年可能死亡的埃塞俄比亚儿童现在活到了5岁。

埃塞俄比亚是已经实现千年发展目标之一的4个非洲国家之一,另三个国家是利比里亚,马拉维和坦桑尼亚。

埃塞俄比亚成功的原因之一归功于它的医疗延展计划,因为这个计划,3.8万人受雇为很大一部分的农村人口提供医疗保健服务。

彼得·萨拉马(Peter Salama)是联合国儿童基金会驻埃塞俄比亚代表。他说,埃塞俄比亚的行动计划可以作为其他国家的榜样:

他说,“其它几个非洲国家已经来考察取经,其中包括多哥、几内亚和纳米比亚的代表团,他们都是来学习医疗延展计划,并看一看他们能如何复制这一将医疗服务送至农村人口家门口的重大经验。”

联合国于13年前首次宣布千年发展目标,该目标是为了帮助各国更加重视诸如打击极端贫困等问题。

多数国家在减少儿童死亡这一千年发展目标上进展缓慢,61个国家中只有13个国家能够实现这一目标。



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