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[教育报道]马拉拉的书在巴基斯坦遭禁

2014-05-06    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Education Report.
 
Private schools in Pakistan have banned a book written by Malala Yousafzai from school libraries. The school's officials say parts of the book dishonour Islam, and they accuse the young education activist of acting as what they call a "propaganda tool of the West" to insult her country of birth.
 
Malala Yousafzai shared her memories in the book "I Am Malala". "I Am Malala" is one of the best selling books in the world. But some groups in Pakistan have criticized it. Private schools in the country have decided to prevent their students from reading it.
 
Adeeb Javedani is president of the All Pakistan Private Schools Management Association, the group represents more than 40,000 institutions across the country. He defends the decision to ban the book.
 
Mr Javedani says it is unimaginable that a girl of Malala's age could write parts of the book. For example, he says she wrote that Ahmadis, a religious minority, have been declared infidels - unbelievers in Pakistan.
 
Mr Javedani says these is no such movement taking place. The Ahmadi community was declared non-Muslims in the early 1970s. The book notes that Ahmadis say they are Muslims, but Pakistani laws prevent them from publicly stating that.
 
Mr Javedani says someone representing Europe, a common term for the west, had written the book under the name of Malala Yousafzai. He also says Pakistani education officials have told his group that they do not plan to use the book in government and private schools.
 
Professor Pervez Hoodbhoy works at Quaid-e-Azam University in Islamabad. He and other rights activists defend Malala. They say pro-Taliban elements within the society are purposely misrepresenting the book.
 
"She does not in her book say that Ahmadis are Muslims. She simply says that these are people who are being persecuted, and that is a fact of life. Nobody can dispute that Ahmadis today are the most persecuted of minorities, all of which are persecuted in Pakistan today," said Hoodboy.
 
The Professor also says that Malala is being wrongly accused of defending British writer Salman Rushdie, his book "The Satanic Verses" made many Muslims angry.
 
Professor Hoodbhoy says the fact that Salman Rushdie is an unwelcome man in Pakistan shows the extreme lack of tolerance that has come to characterize Pakistani culture.
 
Malala campaigned against Taliban attempts to blow up schools for girls in 2009 in the Swat district which she was born. A military offensive later chased the Islamists from the district.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2013-11-21


这里是美国之音慢速英语教育报道。

巴基斯坦私立学校已经禁止马拉拉・尤萨夫扎伊的书出现在图书馆。学校官员称书中部分内容亵渎伊斯兰,并指责这位年轻教育活动人士是“西方的宣传工具”,侮辱了她的祖国。

马拉拉・尤萨夫扎伊在《我是马拉拉》一书中分享了自己的回忆,这本书是全球畅销书之一。但是巴基斯坦的一些组织指责该书。该国的私立学校决定禁止学生阅读此书。

Adeeb Javedani是巴基斯坦所有私立学校管理协会主席,该组织代表该国4万多所学校,他支持禁书决定。

Javedani先生称无法想象马拉拉这般年纪的女生能写出书中部分内容,例如,他称马拉拉写道宗教少数派阿玛迪派在巴基斯坦被宣布为异教徒。

Javedani先生称根本没有这项运动。阿玛迪派在20世纪70年代被宣布为非穆斯林。书中指出阿玛迪派人自称为穆斯林,但是巴基斯坦法律禁止他们公开这么说。

Javedani先生称有人代表欧洲,也就是西方国家,以马拉拉之名写了这本书。他还补充称巴基斯坦教育部官员向他的组织表示不准备在政府学校和私立学校使用该书。

Pervez Hoodbhoy授就职于伊斯兰堡艾德•阿赞姆大学,他和其他权利活动人士为马拉拉辩护。他们表示社会上的倾塔利班分子有意扭曲此书。

Hoodbhoy 称:“她并没有在书中说过阿玛迪派是穆斯林,她只是说有人受到迫害,这就是事实。没人能否认阿玛迪派如今是受迫害最深的少数派,阿玛迪派所有人在巴基斯坦都遭受过迫害。”

教授还称马拉拉无辜受到指责是替英国作家Salman Rushdie辩护,其《撒旦诗篇》一书激怒了许多穆斯林。

Hoodbhoy教授称Salman Rushdie在巴基斯坦很不受欢迎这件事说明极端缺乏容忍已经成为巴基斯坦文化的特征之一。

2009年,马拉拉发起运动反对塔利班试图袭击她的出生地斯瓦特地区女孩学校的企图,之后,一场军事进攻将伊斯兰分子逐出该地。



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