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[教育报道]男女生应该分开上学么?

2014-08-08    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Education Report.

Should girls go to school only with other girls? Is it better for boys to attend all boys schools? Educators at school for girls in Washington D.C. believe children in classes of the same sex do better, but other experts say there is no real evidence to support that idea. They believe there are other more important things that make a school effective.

Excel Academy is the first all-girl school in Washington, D.C. that is independently operated and supported by taxpayers. It was established in 2007 and opened its doors in 2008.

One of its students is Anyreah Clavijo who is 10 years old. Anyreah attended kindergarten in a classroom with boys. She says boys have different interests than girls. She has now been at Excel for the last five years and praises it.

"They would like support me and tell me that I can do it. They make me feel like I'm loved and that I'm the smartest person in the world," Anyreah said.

The Excel Academy provides free education to children from families without much money. It serves more than 600 girls from preschool, the youngest children to grade five. Three meals are served each day.

Kaye Savage established the school and leads it as its chief executive officer. She says that when boys and girls are taught together, the teachers teach for the boys. She says boys are a little louder and much more active than the girls. In her opinion that makes girls second-class citizens in their own classrooms and schools.

But Galen Sherwin at the American Civil Liberties Union, the ACLU, disagrees. She says the ACLU thinks that the evidence, in her words, is not really there to support claims that same sex classrooms produce better results.

"Similarities between boys and girls are much greater and more relevant than any differences. Certainly any differences that exist are not relevant from an educational standpoint," Sherwin said.

Elaine Weiss is an education expert at the Economic Policy Institute. She believes other considerations besides same sex classes have a bigger effect on children success in school.

Ms. Weiss says everything that happens in children's early development is important. This includes how their mother's age and felt during pregnancy, and she asks did the child attend a pre-kindergarten program to help get ready for school.

"They start for example in pre-school, so they're addressing some of that early gap before kids get to kindergarten. They keep their classes relatively small, so that teachers can have a one-on-one conversation and interaction with students. They have enriching after-school opportunities," Weiss said.

And Anyreah Clavijo is not sure if she will always attend an all-girl program, but she is happy where she is.

And that's the VOA Learning English Education Report. I'm Bob Doughty.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-06-05


这里是美国之音慢速英语教育报道。

女生只能和其他女生去学校么?男生去读只有男生的学校会更好么?华盛顿女校的教育专家认为,一个班里面,孩子性别相同会更好,但是其他专家表示,还没有足够的证据来证明这个观点。他们认为还有其他重要因素使得学校教育更有效率。

Excel院校是华盛顿特区第一所由纳税人支持建立的女子学校。该校建立于2007年,于2008年开始招生。
 
10岁的Anyreah Clavijo是该校的一名学生。Anyreah Clavijo和男生一起就读了幼儿园。她认为,和女生比较起来,男生的兴趣完全不同。她已经在Excel学校读后面五年的书,并且对该学校赞不绝口。
 
“他们会支持我,并且告诉我,我能做到这一点。他们让我感觉到被爱,还是这世界最聪明的人。”她说。

Excel学校为来自贫困家庭的孩子提供了免费教育。学校已经招收了超过600名从幼儿园到小学五年级的女学生。一日三餐都是免费的。

Kaye Savage建立了这所学校,并且成为了该学校的执行董事长。她表示,当男生和女生一起上课时,老师为男生教学。她认为,男生比女生声音更大而且更活跃。她表示,这是的女孩在教室和学校成为了二等公民。

但是美国民权联盟Galen Sherwin不认同该观点。她说,美国民权联盟认为,用她自己的话来说就是,没有足够的证据来证明同性班级产生的效果更好。

“男生和女生之间的共性也很大,而且不任何差异都更具有价值。当然从教育的角度来说,男生女生之间的任何差异不具价值。”Sherwin表示。

Elaine Weiss是经济政策研究方向的专家。她认为,性别之外的其他因素对孩纸在学校的成功也具有更大作用。”

Weiss女士表示,儿童早期发育时期发生的事情都非常重要。这包括其母亲在怀孕期间的年龄,感受。她还询问了孩子上学前班课程是否能帮助学生做好入学准备。

“比如他们开始学前教育,就能解决孩子上幼儿园之前的一些早期差距。他们保持班级规模不大,所以老师可以和学生一对一的交谈和互动。他们还丰富了课余生活。”Weiss女士说到。
 
Anyreah Clavijo不确定自己是否会一直读女校,不过她在这里非常开心。
 



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