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VOA慢速[教育]北达科塔州急需提高教育投资

2014-09-12    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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This is the VOA Learning English Education Report.

The oil industry is growing fast in the American States of North Dakota and Montana. Removing oil from the ground has made a lot of money for the area and provided many jobs. The industry also has brought thousands of people to rural towns that once has small populations. Williston, North Dakota is a good example.

The United States Census Bureau says the Williston area was the fastest growing place of its size and description from July 1, 2011 to July 1, 2012. It said the population growth was 9.3 percent. Adding many people means increased demand for roads, emergency services and other systems, like electricity, heating and water. And more children attending schools can mean crowding in the community’s classrooms.

John Monger was born and raised in Williston. He is taught at the city’s Hagan elementary school for 24 years. For the last three years he is taught in a temporary structure called a trailer, the classrooms are smaller than usual. He started the year with 16 students. Now Mr. Monger has 18 in the small space.

Viola LaFontaine is the leader of Williston public schools, that area of schools is the smallest in North Dakota, but it is also growing the fastest. She says the schools increased their population by more than 1000 students during the past four to five years. The majority are elementary school children. In addition, she says the students come from all over the world.

"I believe its seven different languages that we have spoken in school now. A majority are Spanish, but we have Cantonese, we have French," LaFontaine said.

Ms LaFontaine says it’s difficult to deal with the continuing changes in student population.

"The greatest challenge is the students coming in and out and throughout the entire school year, which something different as well as students leaving throughout the entire school year," LaFontaine said.

The official says it is also hard to hire qualified teachers and to pay for larger and more modern schools. She notes that the state is receiving a lot of money from oil. She has asked the North Dakota government for education assistance.

"North Dakota’s always been conservative. I don’t think that’s a bad thing. But now that you’ve got ample resources, let us have some of it. Whether it’s grants or loans or preferably grants that you could use to really support your schools," LaFontaine said.

Voters in Williston District 1 recently approved a measure to build a new high school. The measure will increase property taxes. But education activists say Williston's taxes are less than those in similar North Dakota communities.

And that’s the Education Report from VOA Learning English. You can listen to our reports at our website or download them. You can follow us on Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter and on our YouTube Channel, all at VOA Learning English. I’m Jerilyn Watson.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-06-26


这里是美国之音慢速英语教育报道

石油业在美国达科塔州的北部和蒙大拿州迅速兴起。从地面开采石油给这些地区带来了很多财富和工作机会。该行业也给曾经只有很少人口的村镇,带来了成千上万的人口。北达科他州的威利斯顿就是个很好的例子。

美国人口调查局表示从2011年7月1日到2012年7月1日以来,威利斯顿是发展规模和名声发展最快的地区。据统计,人口增长为9.3%。人口的增长意味着对道路,应急服务和其他系统,比如供电,供热和供水需求的上涨。更多的小孩上学意味着该社区的教室人满为患。

John Monger出生和成长在威利斯顿。他在这座城市的哈根小学任教了24年。在最后三年里,他在一所被称为工作教师的临时建筑里教学,这些教师都比平常的教室小。最开始那年,他有十六个学生。现在Mr. Monger在这件狭小的教室里有18名学生。

Viola LaFontaine是威利斯顿公立学校的负责人。该学校是在北达科他州最小的学校,但是发展也很快。她说,在过去四五年里,学校增加了1000多名学生。主要是小学生。除此之外,她还说这些学生来自世界各地。

“我认为现在学校里说了7种语言。主要是说西班牙语。但是也有人说广东话和法语。”LaFontaine说到。

Ms LaFontaine表示,在学生人数变化上面,是个非常棘手的事情。

“最大的挑战是在整个学年里,学生们一直进进出出,这有点与众不同。同时还有整个学年都有学生离开的。”LaFontaine说到。
 
一位官员表示,聘请合格的老师,并且花费大量钱财,建立更现代化学校也非常困难。她表示,政府为石油业提投入了很多钱财。她向北达科塔洲政府要求过教育资助。

“北达科他州的人一直都是保守派。我不认为这是一件坏事。但是现在政府有了充足的资源,就给我们一点吧。无论是捐赠或者是贷款,当然最好是捐赠,都能用于支持我们学校。”LaFontaine 表示。

威利斯顿1号选区的选民最近通过一项措施以建立一所新的高中。该项措施将会增加财产税。但是教育活动人士表示,威利斯顿的税收要低于北达科他州相同水平的社区。


这就是这一期的美国之音慢速英语教育报道。
 



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