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VOA慢速[教育报道]叙述文中如何措辞?

2015-01-07    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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This is the VOA Learning English Education Report.
 
A student from overseas did well on a research paper for an American college. She said, "Research takes up space, and the words in the research are correct because the writing is in English." Now, however, she has to write a narrative essay in her own words.
 
She is afraid she does not know enough English.
 
Such a paper can be hard for anyone. Experts at Purdue University in Indiana define a narrative essay as "often anecdotal, experiential and personal." In other words, this kind of essay usually tells a story from the writer's experience. It is about something the writer has lived.
 
A narrative essay usually provides an insight. For example, such essays might be named "How I Won the 100-Meter Dash" or "How I Came to Study in the United States." It is often written in the first person – the "I" form. And it offers a chance for creative writing, for expressing yourself about yourself in the paper.
 
The Purdue experts say that if your narrative essay is written as a story, you need to provide an introduction, a plot, a setting, a climax and a conclusion or ending. Often the narrative essay requires characters as well. And this essay usually follows events in the order they happened.
 
Judith Baumel is a poet and a professor at Adelphi University in New York.
 
"Sometimes I ask students to remember an early moment with their parents and sort of think about where they were physically. Think about what was in front of them, what was behind them, what was above them, below them. Just describe it out."
 
Professor Baumel describes the exercise as remarkable. Says she learned it from another writer, graphic novelist Lynda Barry.
 
Ms. Baumel also has advice for English students who worry about not using the right words. She says the language has a great vocabulary.
 
"And that's a real bonus for students who are just learning English. You really can play around with the vocabulary pretty early (in the process of learning the language)."
 
She says she introduces language learners to the thesaurus, which she calls "a great resource." A thesaurus is a kind of dictionary. It can help you replace a word with a synonym, another word having the same or similar meaning. Sometimes it also provides antonyms -- words with opposite or nearly opposite meanings from the word you are replacing.
 
Judith Baumel notes the example of words that all describe a place to sit, words like chair and sofa and couch and chaise.
 
"All of this is available online now. Anybody in the world can just go online and get an online thesaurus."
 
And that's the VOA Learning English Education Report for today. I'm Jeri Watson.

本文来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-12-04


这里是美国之音慢速英语的教育报道。

一位来自海外的学生为美国大学写了一篇不错的研究论文,她说:“研究占据了大篇幅,研究中的措辞都是正确的,因为论文都是英文。”但是如今,她不得不以自己的话写一篇叙述文。

她担心自己英语能力有限。

这类论文对所有人来说都有难度。印第安纳州普渡大学的专家们将叙述文定义为“通常为轶事的、经历过的及个性化的”文章。换而言之,这类论文通常讲述了笔者自身的经历,它是关于笔者曾经历的事情。

叙述文通常给出一个视角,比如,这类论文可能这样命题:“我如何在百米短跑中获胜?”或“我是怎么来美国留学的?”。通常以第一人称“我”的角度叙述,它为创新写作提供了机会,让笔者在论文中表现自我。

普渡大学的专家们称如果你的叙述文写得像一个故事,你需要介交代前言、情节、背景、高潮和结尾。通常,叙述文也要求设定人物特征。这类论文通常按照事情发展的顺序展开。

Judith Baumel是纽约艾德菲大学的诗人和教授。

“有时候我要求学生回忆他们和此前和父母在一起的时刻,想想他们那时身在何处,他们身体上下左右都有什么,然后描述出来。”

Baumel教授称这类训练效果显著。她表示这是她从另一位作家、绘本作家Lynda Barry学来的。

Baumel女士向担心用词不当的英语学生也提出一些建议,她称英语的词汇量很大。

“所以这就仅仅学习语言的学生而言是意外收获,你可以在学习语言过程中很早就开始了解词汇。”

她向语言学习者推荐分类词典,她称其为“强大的词源”。 分类词典是一种字典,能帮助你用同义词(意思相同或相近的单词)替换单词;有时候也提供反义词(意思与替换词语相反或几乎相反)。

Judith Baumel举例:比如均可用以描述坐的地方的单词就包括椅子、沙发、长椅和躺椅。

“所有这些单词都可以在网上找到,世上任何人都能上网查找在线词典。”

以上就是今天的美国之音慢速英语教育报道。我是Jeri Watson。



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