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VOA慢速[教育报道]:你害怕公开演讲么?

2015-04-01    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Education Report.
 
Students in American schools learn from an early age to give presentations as part of their regular classroom activities. Children as young as five years old often give brief talks about objects they bring in to school - called "show and tell," this training is a basis for later public speaking.
 
Even so, many native English-speaking adults are afraid to speak or give presentations in front of a large group.
 
Speaking English in public meetings is necessary for many students and employees. The best way to improve is to practice public speaking in a friendly environment. Learners need to receive feedback about what they are doing well and about their mistakes. One group that gives members the chance to practice is Toastmasters.
 
Toastmasters is an international organization that holds weekly meetings. At the meetings, members each give a speech and give others advice about their speeches and speaking style.
 
Charles LeBeau is a public speaking professor and consultant. He began his career in Japan in 1982. Currently, he teaches at two universities and at the Toshiba International Training Center. He has also written books on the subject.
 
English language learners around the world use his book Speaking of Speech.
 
Speaking of Speech tells about a method of teaching public speaking for non-native speakers. Mr. LeBeau says a simple approach helps English learners.
 
"The approach that I've taken is to simplify and break it down. First if we look at presentation, what's going on, there are basically three messages that the presenter is giving the audience, all simultaneously. There's what I call the physical message. Physical message is basically body language. It's the way that my body, as a speaker, is talking to the audience. And then there's also the visual message. The visual message(s) are the slides that we now make and show the audience. The third message is the story message. The story message is the content of our presentation. So another way we can think of the story message is that it's the verbal message, it's what we say to the audience. The story message also includes how we organize our ideas to present to the audience," LeBeau said.
 
In the next ‘Speaking Tips' we will explore Charles LeBeau's recommendations for improving the Physical Message. He thinks this is the public speaking skill that is easiest for English learners to improve quickly.
 
I'm Jill Robbins.

 文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2015-02-19


这里是美国之音教育报道。

作为日常课堂活动,美国学生从小在学校就要学习发表演讲。5岁的孩子时常对带进学校的物品发表简短演讲,即所谓的“展示和说明”,这种训练是为日后的公开演讲作基础。

即便如此,许多母语是英语的成年人还是惧怕在大庭广众发言或演讲。

对许多学生和员工而言,在公开会议上说英语至关重要。提升演讲的最佳方式是在融洽的环境中练习公开演讲。学习者需要接受关于优点和错误的反馈。国际演讲协会是一个向成员提供练习机会的组织。

国际演讲协会是一个每周都会举行例会的国际组织,在例会上,每个成员都要发表演讲并对其他人的演讲和演讲风格提出建议。

Charles LeBeau是一位公开演讲的教授和顾问,他于1982年在日本开始该职业。目前,他在两所大学和东芝国际培训中心授课并撰写了关于演讲的书籍。

全世界的英语学习者都在使用他写的Speaking of Speech。

该书中为非母语演讲者发表公开讲演提供了一种方式。LeBeau先生称是一种简单方法能帮到英语学习者。

“我选的方法是简化并分解。首先,我们看看演讲将发生什么,基本上演讲者同时会给到听众三个信息。其中一个是身体信息。身体信息基本上是肢体语言:即演讲者的身体向听众传达的信息。接着是视觉信息:也就是我们现在制作并展示给听众的幻灯片。第三个信息是主体信息,也就是演讲的内容。所以,我们也可以认为主体信息就是语言信息,即我们对听众说的信息。主体信息也包括我们如何组织要传达给听众的观点。”

在下一期“演讲技巧”中我们将挖掘Charles LeBeau针对改善身体信息的建议。他认为这对英语学习者快速提升公开演讲技巧最为简单。

我是Jill Robbins.



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