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[健康报道]在家自然分娩

2014-05-26    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.

Empowering. Life-changing. These are two words women often use to describe natural childbirth. Painful would be a third. But that's a different story.

This story is about midwives in Los Angeles, California. They are trying to bring more women of color into the natural childbirth profession and convince more women to give birth at home.

But the numbers are small.

Only one percent of babies in the United States are born at home. However, interest in home deliveries is on the rise. In Los Angeles, California, for example, some women are choosing to use midwives instead of the usual hospital birth with a doctor.

Midwives are specially educated in childbirth. They begin as apprentices or students and then must pass state-issued tests, or Medical Boards.

In 2012, Jasmine Lavender delivered her second child in a bathtub.

"It was an amazing experience. Very empowering. You know, I encouraged to support other moms to have a vaginal births. It was life-changing, to be honest."

She chose home birth with a midwife because she did not want to repeat the hospital experience she had with her first child.

Ms. Lavender says at that time, the hospital performed an unneeded and hurried medical operation -- a Caesarean section. During the birth she says she felt that her time was running out. And not time on her body's clock but rather on her doctor's clock.

Ms. Lavender's second baby arrived naturally with help from the Community Birth Center in south Los Angeles.

Licensed midwife Racha Lawler established the Center. It provides services to people who might not otherwise receive them. Ms. Lawler says the Center offers some general health services, such as testing for sexually transmitted diseases -- or STDs.

"You know, as a midwife you can draw people's blood and test people's blood and test people for STDs. You can, you know, teach women about how their bodies work in regards to their ovulation and fertility. So why not make sure everyone in the community knows that?"

When the Center first opened, there were about 300 licensed midwives in California. Most of them were white. But Racha Lawler hopes to increase by 100 percent the number of midwives of color. She hopes to do this through reaching out to the community and offering free help for students like Tanya Smith-Johnson.

Ms. Smith-Johnson says women of color have a special need of pregnancy and delivery care.

"The stats (the numbers) show women of color, we're the ones who need maternity care. Our babies die at rates 3 or 4 times that of white women. And one of the solutions to that is having more women of color tend to women like themselves."

From VOA Learning English, that’s the Health Report. I’m Anna Matteo.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-05-07


这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道。

更强,人生改变。这是女性通常用来描述自然分娩的两个词。痛苦会是第三个词。但那是另一篇文章。

本文是关于加州洛杉矶市的助产士。她们正试图将更多有色人种女性带入自然分娩行业,并说服更多女性在家分娩。

但这一人数还不多。

美国只有1%的婴儿在家里出生。然而,对家庭接生的兴趣正在提高。以加州洛杉矶市为例,一些女性选择助产士而不是通常的在医院由医生接生。

助产士接受过分娩的专门培训。她们由学徒或学生开始,然后必须通过国家或医疗委员会出台的考试。

在2012年,贾斯迈·兰温德(Jasmine Lavender)在浴缸里生下了她第二个孩子。

她说,“这是一次了不起的经历,非常给力。你知道,我鼓励了其她妈妈自然分娩。老实说,这是人生的改变。”

她选择助产士在家分娩,是因为她不想重复生第一个孩子时的医院经历。

兰温德女士说,当时医院进行了一次不必要的匆忙的手术--剖腹产。在分娩期间,她说她感觉自己时间很紧,而且不是根据她的身体状况,而是根据她医生的日程安排选择分娩时间。

兰温德女士的第二个孩子是在南洛杉矶市社区生育中心的帮助下自然分娩的。

注册助产士拉查·劳勒(Racha Lawler)建立了该中心。其服务对象是可能没有其它途径接受到分娩服务的这些人。劳勒女士说,该中心提供一些一般的医疗服务,如性传播疾病检测。

劳勒女士说,“你知道,作为助产士可以提取人们的血液并检测性传播疾病。还可以告知女性她们的身体如何排卵与受孕。那么为何不让社区的每个人都知道这些呢?”

当该中心首次开放时,加州约有300名注册助产士。其中多数是白人。但劳勒希望有色人种助产士数量能增加100%。她希望通过深入社区并为塔尼娅·史密斯 - 约翰逊(Tanya Smith-Johnson)这样的学生提供免费帮助实现这点。

史密斯 - 约翰逊女士表示,有色人种女性对怀孕和分娩护理存在特殊需求。

她说,“统计数据显示,有色人种女性特别需要产科护理。我们婴儿的死亡率是白人女性的3到4倍。而相应的解决方案之一是让更多有色人种女性帮助像她们自己的这些女性。”

以上就是本期美国之音慢速英语健康报道的全部内容,我是安娜·马特奥(Anna Matteo)。



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