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[健康报道]男女大脑结构的差异

2014-06-20    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.

Raise your hand if this story sounds familiar.

A man enters a store to buy milk. He walks out of the store with milk. That is all -- milk. At the same time, a woman enters the same grocery store also to buy milk.

She buys it.

But, she also buys chicken and lemons to make dinner that night.

Then she remembers to buy food for her son to eat at school. She also gets a bottle of wine for drinks with friends and a birthday card for her husband's niece. Then she gets coffee for breakfast, ice cream for dessert and remembers stamps to mail the bills. And don't forget soap for the bathroom.

And that is the difference between the female and male brains simply explained in a grocery store.

Generally speaking, men do one thing at a time. Women do many. Doing many things at one time is often called "multi-tasking," a very popular word these days.

Now scientific research supports this theory about male and female brains. A recent study has confirmed what we have known all along – men and women think differently.

Scientists at the University of Pennsylvania studied brain images of 949 people aged from eight to 22 years old. They found that male brains have more connections on one side of the brain, or hemisphere. In the female brain, they found more activity and connections between the right and left sides of the brain. The left side of the brain is known as the side of "reason." The right hemisphere is known as the "creative" side.

Regina Verma is a professor at the University of Pennsylvania. She co-wrote the report. She says when women are asked to do something difficult they might use different parts of the brain. Men, she adds, generally use just one side of the brain.

As a result, men generally deal directly with a problem. There is a strong connection between the "understanding" and the "action" parts of their brains. Women, however, might include other parts of the brain, like the part connected with reason and the part connected with sensitivity when solving a problem. Women take a less direct path to find a solution.

Dr. Verma warns that the study should not lead anyone to expect some behaviors from women and others from men.

And that's the Health Report, from VOA Learning English. I'm Anna Matteo.

 文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-05-21


这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道

如果这个故事听起来耳熟,请举起你的手来。
 
一个男人到商店里去买牛奶。他拿了牛奶之后就走出了商店。这就是所有——牛奶。同时,一个女人到相同的商店去,也是买牛奶。

她买了牛奶。

但是她也买了晚上做饭需要的鸡肉和柠檬。

然后她还记住要给她儿子买在学校里吃的东西。她还买了需要和朋友们一起喝的就,以及给丈夫的侄女买了生日卡片。然后她买了早餐需要的咖啡,用作甜点的冰激凌,还记得邮寄账单。还没忘记买浴室用的香皂。

这就是一个在相同商店里,男人和女人大不相同的例子。

总体来说,在相同的时间里,男人只做一件事,女人会做很多事。在同一时间做很多事叫做“多任务”,这是最近非常流行的一个词语。

近来,科学研究证明这种理论有关男人和女人大脑结构问题。最近一项调查已经确认,我们已经知道的——男人和女人思维不同。

宾夕法尼亚大学的科学家对949个年纪在8到22岁的人进行了脑部图像调查。他们发现,男性大脑的单个半球内有更多链接。而女性的左右大脑之间更加活跃,联系更加紧密。左脑熟称为“理性”。右脑熟称为“创造力”的一边。
 

里贾纳·维尔马是宾夕法尼亚大学的教授。他们合写了报告,她认为,当女性被要求做一些困难事情的时候,他们可能会用到大脑的不同部分。而男人,她补充说到,一般来说,男人只使用大脑的一侧。

结果就是,男人处理问题,通常更直接。这也强烈的联系到大脑中“理解”和“行动”的部分。而女人,可能会用到包括大脑中的其他部分,在处理问题的时候,会用到与理性有关和感性有关的部分。女人很少直接找到解决问题的办法。

维尔马博士警告说,该项研究我们就不要期待女性做出某些行为,也不要期待男性做出某些行为。

这就是这一期的美国之音慢速英语健康报道,我是安娜·马特奥。



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