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[健康报道]电子香烟安全么?

2014-07-11    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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tips:怎样阅读才是有质量的阅读了? 中英对照请点击【中英对照】查看译文请点击 【查看译文】进行核对。


From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.

Cigarette smoking kills. That we know. So, manufacturers made electronic cigarettes as a safer smoking choice - safer than tobacco.

E-cigarettes contain the drug nicotine like cigarettes. But they do not use tobacco. And you do not light them. They are powered by battery.

So, if e-cigarettes are so safe, why have poison control centers around the United States seen an increase in telephone calls about e-cigarette poisonings?

The answer is children.

Most of the calls are from people worried about children who have played with the devices. In the period of one month this year, the United States Centers for Disease Control say 215 people called the Center with e-cigarette concerns. More than half of these calls were for children ages five and younger. The devices apparently had made them sick.

Tim McAfee is director of the CDC's Office on Smoking and Health. He says the problem is regulation. Meaning, the U.S. federal government does not control e-cigarettes even though they contain liquid nicotine. Mr. McAfee adds that liquid nicotine is a well-known danger.

"Nicotine historically has been used as a pesticide in the United States. And that's where we have really had for many, many decades significant poisonings when people got exposed to nicotine that was in liquid solutions."

Mr. McAfee explains that nicotine poisoning happens when the substance gets into the skin, gets into the eyes or is swallowed. Even a small amount, he says, can make a person sick.

Nicotine poisoning can cause stomach pain or a sense of unbalance. Headaches and seizures are also common signs of nicotine poisoning. And too much nicotine can kill.

Tim McAfee says e-cigarettes do not create the level of risk to people that tobacco products do. He notes that almost 500,000 Americans die each year from cigarettes.

"So, cigarettes are the winner in that contest. And we don't really know what's going to happen with e-cigarettes."

E-cigarettes do not contain hundreds of harmful chemicals that are found in real cigarettes. So, the U.S. Surgeon General has suggested that e-cigarettes may be a useful tool for adults trying end their tobacco use, or quit.

But McAfee worries that teenagers may think electronic cigarettes are harmless. They could become addicted, or hooked, on the nicotine and then start smoking real cigarettes. In other words, he fears that for young people fake e-cigarettes could be a "gateway" to the real thing.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-05-28


这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道。

众所周知,吸烟致命。所以,厂商们发明了电子香烟,作为安全吸烟的一种选择——比烟草更安全。

电子香烟和香烟一样包含有尼古丁药物。但是他们不使用烟草。你也不用点燃它们。他们是靠电池供电。

那么,如果电子香烟很安全,为什么美国各地的控毒中心接到越来越多关于电子香烟中毒的电话呢?

答案是孩子。

大多数电话是来源于那些担心小孩玩这种设备的人。在今年的某一个月,美国疾控中心报道,215个人致电该中心,表示对电子香烟担忧。超过一半的电话是考虑到五岁及五岁以下的儿童。很明显,该装置让他们生病。

蒂姆·迈克菲(Tim McAfee)是美国疾病预防控制中心吸烟和健康办公室的主任。他认为这种问题出现在监管上。意思就是,美国联邦政府不会控制电子香烟,即使他们含有液体尼古丁。迈克菲补充说到,液体尼古丁总所周知很危险。

“历史上,尼古丁在美国用作杀虫剂。真是因为这一点,当人们暴露在液态尼古丁下,发生了数十年的液态中毒。”

迈克菲先生解释到,当物质接触到皮肤,弄到眼睛或者是吞咽下去,就会发生尼古丁中毒。他说,即使是很少量,也会让人生病。

尼古丁中毒肯能引起胃痛或者不平衡感。头痛和癫痫发作也是尼古丁中毒表现。并且如果尼古丁量很大,可以让人致死。

蒂姆·迈克菲(Tim McAfee)说电子香烟对人们带来的风险不会像烟草带来的风险一般高。他指出,每年将近50万美国人死于香烟。

“所以,在这场比赛上香烟是赢家。并且我们不知道电子香烟真正会发生什么。”

电子香烟并不包含真正香烟里包含的上百种有害化学物质。所以,美国外科医生一般建议,电子香烟可以用作成年人试图戒烟的一种工具。

但是迈克菲担心,青少年可能认为电子香烟是无害的。他们可能会对尼古丁上瘾,然后开始吸真正的香烟。换句话说,他担心电子香烟可以让年轻人走向真正的香烟。
 



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