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[健康报道]应对大学生中运动发生脑震荡问题

2014-08-22    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.

A debate has continued for years in the United States about sports-related brain injuries, or concussions. Conflicting studies add fuel to arguments on both sides.

Now the U.S. President has stepped into the middle of the debate. Barack Obama held an informational meeting on the subject last month at the White House. He gathered representatives of professional sports groups, coaches, parents, young athletes and medical professionals to discuss the issue.

American football is the sport often at the center of the concussion debate. But, a high school soccer player opened the meeting. Tori Bellucci is a skilled athlete. But she had to reject a college scholarship to play soccer after experiencing five concussions.

"The reason we're here today though is, all across the country parents are also having a more troubling conversation and that's about the risks of concussions. There's a lot of concern but there's a lot of uncertainty. And as Tori's story suggests, concussions are not just a football issue. Every season you've got boys and girls who are getting concussions in lacrosse and soccer and wrestling and ice hockey as well as football."

Mr. Obama notes that sports-related head injuries are increasing each year among young people. He suggests that one reason for the rise could be that parents, teachers and coaches now better recognize the signs of a concussion. These signs include lack of balance, unclear thinking, head pain and problems with eyesight.

The president says he does not want young people to avoid sports. Instead he is calling for more research.

"We want our kids participating in sports. I'd be much more troubled if young people were shying away from sports. As parents though, we want to keep them safe and that means we have to have better information. The fact is, we don't have solid numbers. And that tells me that at every level we're still trying to fully grasp what's going on with this issue."

Mr. Obama says that there is one thing all sides can agree on -- the fact that sports are very important, or vital, to American culture, identity and economy. But, he warns that sports need to be as safe as possible for young people to play.

"The one thing we can agree on is that sports are vital to this country. And it's a responsibility for us to make sure that young, talented kids like Tori are able to participate as safely as possible. And that we are doing our job both as parents, school administrators, coaches ... to look after them."

To help reach that goal, he announced a joint effort from the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the Department of Defense. He said the $30 million project will carry out the widest study ever of concussions.

And that's the Health Report. I'm Anna Matteo.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-06-18


这里是美国之音慢速英语听力健康报道。

在美国,一项关于运动队大脑伤害或者脑震荡的争论已经持续几年了。互相矛盾的研究为双方的论点提供了证据。

如今美国总统也步入了争论中心。上个月,奥巴马在白宫就此次议题组织了一次信息会议。他讲专业的运动团体,教练,家长,年轻的运动员和医疗专业人员组织起来,讨论了此次议题。

美食橄榄球是脑震荡辩论的焦点。但是,却是由高中足球运动员展开的辩论。Tori Bellucci 是一名很有训练有素的运动员。但是她在经历了五次脑震荡之后,不得不拒绝了一项大学奖学金。

“今天我们聚在这里,是因为全国各地的父母对脑震荡的风险颇有言辞。目前有很多人都关注这个问题,但是也有很多不确定性。Tori的经历表明,脑震荡不仅仅是美式橄榄球面临的问题。每个季度,男生和女生都会在曲棍球,英式足球,摔跤,冰球,以及美式橄榄球中发生脑震荡.”

奥巴马表示,每一年,年轻人中的体育相关脑损伤正在逐年上涨。他认为其中的一个原因是,现在家长,老师和教练更好的意识到脑震荡症状。其症状包括平衡感差,思路不清晰,头痛,视力问题。

奥巴马也表示,他也不想年轻人远离运动。相反,他呼吁进行更多的调查研究。

“我们希望孩子们参加运动,如果年轻人远离运动,我会感觉更加困扰。虽然作为父母,我们想保证他们的安全这就意味着,我们需要更多的信息。而事实上,我们没有可靠的数据。这就告诉我们,我们留在试图弄清楚这是怎么一回事的阶段。”

奥巴马说,运动对美国文化,特性和经济非常重要,这一点问题上,各方观点一致。但是,他警告说,年轻人的运动要尽可能保证安全。

“还有一件事我们都同意的是:运动对美国非常关键。我们有责任对像Tori这样的青年才俊,竟可能的保证他们的安全。同时,我们所做的像家长,效仿和教练一样,照顾好他们。”

为了尽早实现这一目标,奥巴马宣布了全美大学生体育协会和国防部开展的一项联合举措。他说,这项耗资3000万美元的项目将用在对脑震荡最广泛的研究上。

这就是这一期的健康报道,我是Anna Matteo

 



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