用户名: 密码: 验证码:    注册 | 忘记密码?
首页|听力资源|每日听力|网络电台|在线词典|听力论坛|下载频道|部落家园|在线背单词|双语阅读|在线听写|普特网校

VOA慢速[健康]全球饮酒量分布图

2014-09-26    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
— 查看译文 —

tips:怎样阅读才是有质量的阅读了? 中英对照请点击【中英对照】查看译文请点击 【查看译文】进行核对。


From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.

Many people all over the world enjoy an alcoholic drink during dinner. Many people raise a glass of alcohol to celebrate a wedding or a birthday. And having drinks after work with friends and co-workers is called "happy hour." All these situations are considered "social drinking" because they happen at social events.

But when does "social drinking" become problem drinking?

According to the World Health Organization alcohol abuse kills 3.3 million people each year. That is six percent of all deaths around the world.

And in a new report on alcohol use around the world, the WHO says alcohol can create dependency, or addiction, in some people. The report also warns that alcohol use can increase the risk of developing more than 200 diseases, including some kinds of cancers. And, the WHO says alcohol abuse can put people at greater risk of infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis, pneumonia and HIV.

WHO Mental Health and Substance Abuse Director Shekhar Saxena says the organization is concerned about drinking among young people between the ages 15 and 19. And it is most concerned about "binge-drinking," or an extended period of heavy drinking.

"The report concludes that worldwide 16 percent of drinkers over the age of 15 engage in binge-drinking, which is much more harmful than other kind of drinking ..."

The report warns that more women are drinking alcohol. And, the report says women are at greater risk than men for some alcohol-related health conditions.

The report also finds Europe is the area with the highest alcohol use. Central and Eastern Europe are especially high.

The WHO says people in Russia, Ukraine, and some neighboring countries drink a lot of alcohol and binge drink.

Vladimir Poznyak is the WHO Management of Substance Abuse Coordinator. He says less alcohol is used in Africa than in Europe. But, he adds, the health effects are worse in Africa because of a lack of social support systems, such as access to health care.

The World Health Organization suggests ways countries can protect people from alcohol abuse. These include increasing taxes on alcohol sales, raising the drinking age limit, and controlling the marketing of alcoholic beverages.

And that's the Health Report.

This report was written by Lisa Schlein in Geneva. I'm Anna Matteo.

本文来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-07-02


这里是美国之音慢速英语健康报道。

全世界有很多人都喜欢在吃饭的时候喝酒。很多人举起酒杯庆祝婚礼或者生日。在下班之后和朋友同事一起喝一杯,被称为“欢乐时光”。以上所有的情况都被叫做“社交饮酒”,因为它发生在社交活动上。

但是,“社交饮酒”什么时候变成了酗酒?

根据世界健康组织表示,每年酗酒夺取了330万人的生命。其死亡率占占全球6%。

根据世界卫生组织在一份全球饮酒的新报告中表示,酒精会让人产生依赖,或者上瘾。报告还警告说,饮酒会增加患上200多种疾病的风险,包括各种各样的癌症。世界卫生组织还说,酗酒还可能让人患上感染性疾病的风险更大,比如肺结核,肺炎和艾滋病。

世界卫生组织净胜卫生和物质滥用司Shekhar Saxena 表示,该机构对15到19岁的年轻人饮酒感到担忧。而最为担忧的是“大量饮酒”和长时间大量饮酒的人。

“报道还显示:全球115岁以上大量饮酒的人占16%,这一部分比其他类型的喝酒方式具有更大伤害……”

报告警告:越来越多的女性也在饮酒。并且报告指出,同男性相比,女性饮酒存在的健康风险更大。

报告还发现,欧洲是饮酒最厉害的地方。中部和东欧地区尤为严重。

世界卫生组织表示,俄罗斯,乌克兰,以及其邻国的人们大量饮酒,并且酗酒。

弗拉基米尔·波兹尼亚克(Vladimir Poznyak)是世界卫生组织药物滥用管理问题协调官员。他表示和欧洲比起来,非洲人饮酒较少。但是他补充说到,因为缺少社会支持体系,比如获取医疗保险途径,非洲的额健康效应更糟糕。

世界卫生组织提出了各国防止人们酗酒的击中办法。包括增加酒精销售税,提高饮酒年林限制,控制酒精饮料的销售。

这就是这一期的健康报道。



顶一下
(99)
93.4%
踩一下
(7)
6.6%
手机上普特 m.putclub.com 手机上普特
[责任编辑:Tina]
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 密码: 验证码:
  • 推荐文章
  • 资料下载
  • 讲座录音
普特英语手机网站
用手机浏览器输入m.putclub.com进入普特手机网站学习
查看更多手机学习APP>>