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VOA慢速[健康报道]选择当单身妈妈

2015-04-16    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health and Lifestyle Report.

In the not-so distant past, most people thought that when a woman reached her 40s it was too late for her to have children. The time on her biological clock had run out.

Well, that has changed. These days some women are resetting their biological clocks. They are giving themselves more time to have children.

Make no mistake. Being a “Single Mother by Choice” is very different from younger women who find themselves pregnant, perhaps not by choice.

Generally speaking, single mothers by choice are older and well educated. They are usually financially secure and successful in their careers. So, they have the money. What they may not have is a partner.

These women find themselves in their late 30s or early 40s, single and wanting children.

This is the place in life where writer Kerry Reichs found herself several years ago. She says she did not plan to become a single mother. She says she just did not find the right partner. 

“Well, you certainly don’t wake up when you’re a ten year old girl and think, ‘Someday I want to be a single mother all by myself.’ So, what it was, I think I had a set of standards for the partner I was looking for and I didn’t meet anyone that fit those standards. And, at 39 I found myself single, without children and I wanted them very much. So, I made the difficult decision that I could do this on my own.”

She says it was a difficult decision. It meant giving up on the idea, the fantasy, of having the “perfect” family. In the end, she decided that she had the resources and the temperament, or mental ability to do it.

The National Center for Health Statistics is a division of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In January, the Center published a report on births in the United States. The report states that the birth rate for women aged 40–44 generally has risen over the past 30 years.

The report states that the increase in birth rates for women aged 35 and over during the last 20 years has been linked, in part, to medical developments. Modern medicine now makes it easier to get pregnant.

Kerry Reichs chose to get pregnant from an anonymous sperm donor. She says the experience was surreal, too strange to be real. 

There have also been changes in U.S. public opinion toward unmarried women having children. There is no longer a social stigma on a woman having a baby without a partner. But single mothers by choice do have their critics. Conservative groups and social commentators say that choosing to become a single mom is not good for the child, families or society.

Kerry Reichs says this is not a decision women come to easily. She says for many if not most women this is a decision of last resort, meaning there are no other choices for them.

Kerry Reichs is now pregnant with her second child.

I’m Anna Matteo.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2015-3-04


来自VOA慢速英语,这是健康和生活方式的报告。

在不太遥远的过去,大多数人认为当一个女人到了她40岁的时候再生孩子已经太晚了。她已经把生物钟的时间用完了。

不过现在已经改变了。最近一些妇女正重置她们的生物钟。她们留给自己更多的时间以便要孩子。

别搞错了。选择作为一个“单身母亲”和那些发现自己怀孕的年轻妇女是大不相同的,可能她们是没有选择的。

一般来说,自愿成为单身母亲的人通常年龄有些大且受过良好教育的。她们通常收入稳定,并在事业上很成功。因此她们有钱。她们可能缺少的就是一个伴侣。

这些女性往往40岁左右,单身和并想要孩子。

这是作家Kerry Reichs几年前所处在的生活状态。她说她并不打算成为一位单身母亲。她只是没有找到合适的伴侣。

“嗯,当你还是一个10岁的女孩的时候你还不清醒,你会想,“总有一天我想成为一名单身母亲”那么这是什么,我想对于我要找的另一半我有一套标准。我没有遇见任何人符合这些标准。在我39岁的时候我发现自己还是单身,没有孩子,但我非常想要孩子。所以我做了一个艰难的决定。”

她说这是一个艰难的决定。它这意味着要放弃拥有完美家庭的这一想法或者幻想。最后她决定她有心理能力来做这一切。

国家卫生统计中心是美国疾病控制和预防中心的分支机构。今年1 月,该中心发表了一份美国出生率报告。报告表明在40-44岁产子的妇女基本上已超过过去的30年。

报告指出在过去的20年里,35岁及以上的妇女的生育率的增加和医学的发展有部分关系。当今的现代医学使怀孕变得容易。

Kerry Reichs最后选择从一名匿名的精子捐赠者那里受孕。她说这种经历太荒谬了,奇怪的难以相信这是真的。

在美国,对于有孩子的未婚母亲的舆论也发生了变化。有小孩而没有伴侣的妇女不再是不光彩的。但是自愿成为单身母亲是受到批评的。保守的团体和社会评论员认为自愿成为单身妈妈对孩子,家庭和社会不利。

Kerry Reichs说这不是一个女人能够轻易做的决定。对于许多,如果不是大多数的妇女,这是最后的选择,一个对她们来说是别无选择的决定。

Kerry Reichs现在正怀上她的第二个孩子。

我是Anna Matteo。



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