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VOA慢速英语[健康报道]唱比念更有助于记忆

2015-06-11    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health and Lifestyle report.

Have you ever found yourself in this situation: You hear a song you used to sing when you were a child – a bit of nostalgia.

But it is not a distant childhood memory. The words come back to you as clearly as when you sang them all those years ago.

It seems there is a scientific reason for this.

Researchers at the University of Edinburgh studied the relationship between music and remembering a foreign language. They found that remembering words in a song was the best way to remember even one of the most difficult languages.

Here is what they did.

Researchers took 60 adults and randomly split them into three groups of 20. Then they gave the groups three different types of "listen-and-repeat" learning conditions.

Researchers had one group simply speak the words. They had the second group speak the words to a rhythm, or beat. And they asked the third group to sing the words.

All three groups studied words from the Hungarian language for 15 minutes. Then they took part in a series of language tests to see what they remembered.

Why Hungarian, you ask? Researchers said they chose Hungarian because not many people know the language. It does not share any roots with Germanic or Romance languages, such as Italian or Spanish.

After the tests were over, the singers came out on top.

The people who learned these new Hungarian words by singing them showed a higher overall performance. They did the best in four out of five of the tests. They also performed two times better than those who simply learned the words by speaking them.

Dr. Katie Overy supervised the study at the university's Reid School of Music. She says singing could lead to new ways to learning a foreign language. The brain, it seems, likes to remember things when they are contained in a catchy, or memorable, tune.

Dr. Overy worked with Dr. Karen Ludke and Professor Fernanda Ferreira on this study. Their findings are published in the journal Memory and Cognition.

Dr. Ludke said the findings could help those who struggle to learn foreign languages. On the University of Edinburgh's website Dr. Ludke writes, "This study provides the first experimental evidence that a listen-and-repeat singing method can support foreign language learning."

Language teachers already know the value of using music and singing.

A teacher at a Chinese language school in Washington, D.C. relies heavily on songs and chants to teach Chinese. Hua Zhu Ying teaches students who most likely have never spoken Chinese before coming to the school. Ms. Hua says she uses music all the time to teach children Chinese.

"For example, for little kids usually we will use English songs but we are teaching them the Chinese lyrics. So it's easy for them to start because they know the music. They just need to translate into Chinese words. "

She adds that not only does it work, but it is fun for the kids.

I'm Anna Matteo.

文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2015-05-27


来自VOA学英语,这里是健康生活频道。

你是否曾经发现自己存在以下情况:当你听见你孩堤时经常听见的歌时,就会情不自禁得回首往事。

但是,这并不是来自儿童时期的记忆。你会对这些歌词记忆犹新。

这一切看起来都能用科学解释。

爱丁堡大学研究员一直在研究音乐和学习外国语言之间的关系。他们发现:用唱歌的方式来背单词是最有效的方法,即使是世界上最难学的语言。

下面是他们的实验过程。

研究员聚集了60名成年人,并随机把他们分成3组每组20人。然后,他们给3组人员3种不同的“听写和复读”学习环境。

其中一组只提供单词的发音。第二组用节奏或韵律的方式将词语说出来。然后,他们要求第三组将词汇唱出来。

3组人都学习Hungarian词语15分钟。然后接受了一系列词语测试看他们到底记住了多少。

为什么是Hungarian?你可能会问。研究人员表示:他们选择Hungarian的原因是基本上不太有人会知道这门语言。因为它和德语、罗马语、西班牙语或意大利语都不属于一个语系。

在测试结束之后,要求用唱歌组成绩最好。

那些通过唱歌的方式学习Hungarian的人的表现更好。在四分之五的测试中都表示最佳。成绩甚至比单词听说组要高出两倍。

Katie Overy负责监督这次实验。她表示:唱歌可能给外语教学带来一种新的学习方法。大脑看起来在接受曲调时表现出记忆力更强。

Overy博士和Karen Ludke博士和Fernanda Ferreira教授共同负责这项研究。他们的发现出版在了记忆和认识杂志上。

Ludke博士表示:这项发现能帮助那些在学外语的过程中苦苦挣扎的人。在爱丁堡大学的网站上,他写到“本研究将第一次通过实验证据证明用唱歌的方式能够帮助人们学习外语。”

语言老师已经知道使用音乐教学的价值。

在华盛顿教授中文的老师就十分以来于用歌曲来教授中文。Hua Zhu Ying所教的学生在进入学校以前几乎都没接触过中文。HUA小姐表示:她在教孩子中文的过程中一直都使用音乐。

“例如,对于一些小孩子,我们会用一些英语曲调中文歌词的歌。所以,对于他们来说知道音乐就容易多了,他们只需要把歌词转化成中文。”

她还提到,这不仅仅很有用,而且孩子也感到很有趣。

我是安娜。



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