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VOA慢速英语[健康报道]中国烟民占全球1/3

2015-11-17    来源:普特英语编辑部    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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 From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

 
If you are a man living in China and smoke, you may want to stop. That is because one in three of all the young men in China will die from smoking cigarettes or other tobacco products.
 
Researchers reported their findings in The Lancet medical journal.
 
The report says, "About two-thirds of young Chinese men become cigarette smokers, and most start before they are 20 years old. Unless they stop, about half of them will eventually be killed by their habit."
 
The researchers conducted two large, countrywide studies on the health effects of smoking. The first study took place in the 1990s and involved about 250,000 men. The second study was launched only recently and is continuing. This study involves about 500,000 adults, both men and women.
 
Researchers say that in China, the number of deaths each year resulting from tobacco use will rise from about one-million in 2010 to two-million in 2030. They warn that the number will rise to three-million by 2050.
 
Researchers say there is no silver bullet to make these numbers go down, meaning there is no easy answer to make the problem go away.
 
People need to stop smoking.
 
China smokes more than one-third of the world's cigarettes. It also has one-sixth of all smoking-related deaths worldwide.
 
The story is different with Chinese women.
 
It seems not many women are smoking in China today. Ten percent of women born in the 1930s were smokers. But among those born in the 1960s, only about one percent smoke. And the rates of death-by-cigarette among women have also dropped.
 
But that could change.
 
Researchers note that smoking now seems more fashionable among Chinese women. Some women think it makes them seem more appealing.
 
Richard Peto is a professor at the University of Oxford. He helped to write the report on smoking. He said increasing the price of cigarettes may be one way to reduce smoking rates.
 
He said that "over the past 20 years, tobacco deaths have been decreasing in Western countries, partly because of price increases.” For China, he adds, a large increase in cigarette prices could save tens of millions of lives.
 
More information about our quoted expert, Richard Peto, can be found on the website for the University of Oxford.
 
There it says Richard Peto’s investigations into the worldwide health effects of smoking have helped to change "national and international attitudes about smoking and public health." He was the first to describe clearly the future worldwide health effects of current smoking patterns.
 
Mr. Peto was knighted by Queen Elizabeth in 1999 for services to epidemiology. In 2010 and 2011 he received the Cancer Research UK and the British Medical Journal Lifetime Achievement Award.
 
I’m Anna Matteo.
文本来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2015-10-21

这里是美国之音慢速英语健康和生活方式报道。

如果你是生活在中国的烟民,那你可能想要戒烟。因为在中国三分之一的青年男子将死于吸烟或其他烟草制品。

研究人员在《柳叶刀》医学期刊上发表了报告。
 
报告称“大约三分之二的中国青年男子是烟民,而且多数从20岁以前就开始吸烟,除非他们戒烟,不然一半左右最终会死于这一恶习。”
 
研究人员针对吸烟的健康影响进行了两项大规模的全国研究。第一次研究是在20世纪90年代,涉及250000名男子。第二次研究最近才展且在进行中,涉及约500000名成年男女性。
 
研究人员称在中国,每年死于吸烟的人数将从2010年的一百万左右上升到2030年的两百万,他们警告称截止2050年,人数会上升至三百万。
 
研究人员称没有让数字下降的灵丹妙药,意味解决这个问题不简单。
 
戒烟势在必行。
 
中国吸食了全世界三分之一以上的香烟,也占了全世界吸烟相关死亡案例的六分之一。
 
中国女性吸烟的情况却大有不同。
 
如今在中国似乎吸烟的女性并不多, 20世纪30年代出生的女性中10%是烟民,但是60年代出生的女性中仅有1%吸烟。而女性中吸烟死亡率也有所下降。
 
但是,这可能发生变化。
 
研究人员指出,吸烟在中国女性中似乎显得更时尚,一些女性认为这样更迷人。
 
Richard Peto是牛津大学的一名教授,他帮助撰写了关于吸烟的报告,他称提高香烟价格可能是降低吸烟率的方法之一。
 
他表示,“在过去的20年,西方国家的烟草致死人数一直降低,部分原因是香烟价格上涨。他补充称,对于中国而言,大幅提高香烟价格可以挽救数千万生命。”
 
更多关于我们引述专家Richard Peto的信息可以访问牛津大学官网。
 
网站称,Richard Peto就吸烟对全球健康影响的调查有助于改变“吸烟和公共健康的全国和国际态度。”他是首位清晰阐述目前吸烟模式对未来全球健康影响的专家。
 
1999年,Peto先生因对流行病学的贡献而被伊丽莎白女王封爵。同时,他分别于2010年和2011年获得英国癌症研究中心和英国医学周刊终生成就奖。
 
我是Anna Matteo.


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