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VOA慢速[时事]美国记者被ISIS斩首事件

2014-10-24    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.

This week, Islamic State militants released a video showing the execution of an American journalist. Steven Sotloff was captured in Syria in August of last year. He worked for Time and Foreign Policy magazines.

His death and the earlier execution of another American journalist, James Foley, have angered many people in the United States. President Barack Obama says the “horrific” killing of Steven Sotloff will unite the country and strengthen its resolve in dealing with terrorists. The president spoke on Wednesday during a visit to Estonia. He said the United States plans to build a coalition to, in his words, “degrade and destroy” the Islamic State militants.

“We will not be intimidated. Their horrific acts only unite us as a country and stiffen our resolve to take the fight against these terrorists.”

Steven Sotloff was from the state of Florida. The state’s governor, Rick Scott, halted a political campaign event to announce the reporter’s death and condemn those responsible.

“The people who did this are evil. They are not merely wrong. They are not adversaries. They are evil.”

Members of the U.S. Congress have expressed concern about the threat from Islamic State militants. Some members are demanding intensive air attacks. Senator Ted Cruz of Texas is likely to seek the presidential nomination of the Republican Party in 2016. Senator Cruz spoke to a political gathering a few days ago. He denounced the group known as the Islamic State, also called ISIS.

“Well, ISIS says they want to go back and reject modernity. Well, I think we should help them. We ought to bomb them back to the Stone Age.”

But other lawmakers appear willing to give the Obama administration more time to develop a plan for dealing with the Islamic State. Washington Congressman Adam Smith is a member of Mr. Obama’s Democratic Party. He appeared on the CBS television program “Face the Nation.”

“It takes time to build a coalition. We can’t simply bomb first and ask questions later. We have to have the right targets and the right support in order to be effective in stopping ISIS.”

There have been few public opinion surveys about the threat from the militants and what the United States should do about it. One recent poll taken before the murder of Steven Sotloff found Americans divided on the question of whether to intervene in Iraq.

Karlyn Bowman studies U.S. public opinion at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington, D.C. She says many Americans are likely to see the Islamic State as a threat worthy of some form of military action.

However, public support is not likely to extend to the use of U.S. ground troops, says John Mueller of Ohio State University.

The American public will have many chances to express itself in the weeks to come. Congress returns to Washington next week. How the United States should react to the Islamic State is likely to be a major issue. Some lawmakers are already urging the president to seek congressional approval before launching a wider military campaign against the group.

And that’s In The News from VOA Learning English.

I’m Christopher Cruise.


这里是美国之音慢速英语时事新闻。

本周,伊斯兰武装分子公布一个处决美国记者的视频。史蒂芬·索特洛夫(Steven Sotloff)于去年8月在叙利亚被抓。他为《时代》以及《外交政策》杂志供稿。

他的死以及早期处决的另外一个美国记者,詹姆斯·福利(James Foley)激怒了美国很多民众。总统奥巴马表示“可怕的”杀害史蒂芬·索特洛夫(Steven Sotloff)事件,将会使全国上下团结起来,加强对付恐怖分子的决心。总统周三在访问爱沙尼亚做了讲话。他表示美国计划建立一个联盟,用他的话来说,就是“消弱和摧毁”伊斯兰武装分子。

“我们不会被吓到。他们的恐怖行为只会让我们团结成一个国家,并且坚定我们采取措施打击这些恐怖分子的决心。”

史蒂芬·索特洛夫来自于弗罗里达。盖州州长,里克·斯科特(Rick Scott)停止了政治精选活动,宣布该记者的死兵器谴责了肇事者。

“做这些事的人都是恶魔。他们不知犯错了,他们不只是敌人,他们是恶魔。”

美国国会议员已经表示对伊斯兰武装分子威胁的关注。一些议员要求加强空袭。德州参议员特德·克鲁兹(Ted Cruz)可能会寻求2016年共和党总统候选人提名。克鲁滋(Cruz)参会议员日前在一个政治集会上宣布,谴责被称为伊斯兰国或ISIS组织。

“然而,ISIS表示特闷想回到过去,拒绝现代化。我认为我们应该帮助他们。我们应该把他们炸回石器时代。”

但是其他议员愿意给奥巴马政府跟多时间,来制定一个对伊斯兰国家的方案。华盛顿众议院亚当·史密斯(Adam Smith)是奥巴马所属民族党的成员。他在哥伦比亚广播公司的电视节目《面对全国》中出现。

“建立一个联盟要花时间。我们不能简单的炸完再说。我们必须要有正确的目标和支持,有效地阻止ISIS组织。”

目前就伊斯兰国威胁和美国应该怎样做的相关民意调查很少。一项最近的民意调查发现,史蒂芬·索特洛夫被杀害前,美国人是否在伊拉克进行了干预。

卡尔林·鲍曼(Karlyn Bowman)在华盛顿的美国企业研究所研究民意调查。她说很多美国人可能会视伊斯兰国为值得美国采取军事行动的一大威胁。

然而,公众支持不大可能使用到美国地面部队。俄亥俄州立大学约翰·穆勒说到。



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