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VOA慢速[时事]CIA称伊斯兰国成员人数远超预估

2014-11-06    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.

The United States says the Islamic State militant group has at least two times as many fighters as an earlier estimate. The U.S. Central Intelligence Agency says the group now has between 20,000 and 31,500 fighters in Iraq and Syria. The old estimate was 10,000. A CIA official reported this week that the new number is based on more people joining the militants since June. He noted the success of militant forces in battle and their declaration of an Islamic state.
 
The new intelligence estimate came a day after President Barack Obama announced his plan for defeating the group. Mr. Obama said he is expanding the U.S operations against the militants to include air strikes in Syria. He said his administration will build an international coalition to defeat Islamic State forces. He also said that no U.S. troops will return to battle in Iraq.
 
The president made the announcement Wednesday night in a speech to the American people. Some observers say his plan represents the beginning of a long campaign involving U.S. forces. Mr. Obama recently came under criticism for saying he did not have a strategy for the militants.
 
For weeks, the U.S. aircraft have been attacking Iraqi territory controlled by Islamic State forces, also known as ISIL. President Obama announced on Wednesday that the air strikes will be expanded to militant positions in Syria.
 
“We will hunt down terrorists who threaten our country, wherever they are. That means I will not hesitate to take action against ISIL in Syria, as well as Iraq. This is a core principle of my presidency. If you threaten America, you will find no safe haven.”
 
The president did not say when the air strikes will end. Some U.S. officials say they could last for years.
 
Mr. Obama also announced plans to send 475 armed forces members to Iraq. They will join the more than 1,000 already serving as advisors in the country.
 
The president said the U.S. aim is to break down and later destroy the militant group. Islamic State fighters recently executed two American journalists. Americans have been shocked by images of the killings.
 
Opinion surveys this week showed a majority of Americans support action against the militants. After the speech, the two main parties expressed support for military strikes against Islamic State forces. Mitch McConnell is the top Republican in the U.S. Senate.
 
“I’m glad the president has brought a new focus to the effort against ISIL. He needs to take this responsibility head-on. This congress, the next congress, and the next administration have serious work ahead as we consider this multi-year commitment and what it will take to defeat ISIL.”
 
Yet Republicans and Democrats disagree about what will be required to defeat the militants. House Speaker John Boehner says air strikes involving U.S. fighter aircraft will not be enough.
 
“An F-16 is not a strategy, and air strikes alone will not accomplish what we are trying to accomplish. And the president’s made clear he doesn’t want U.S. boots on the ground. Well, somebody’s boots have to be on the ground.”
 
Senator Barbara Boxer of California belongs to the Democratic Party. She supports Mr. Obama’s call for an international coalition to defeat the Islamic State.
 
“Beware of the people here who were the cheerleaders of the Iraq War, who want to get this president to now say is gonna put combat boots on the ground. That is the wrong recipe. We learned it -- 4,000 dead Americans.”
 
President Obama is seeking congressional approval to train and supply Syrian opposition fighters. He wants them to battle Islamic State forces operating in Syria. That training would take place in Saudi Arabia, which U.S. officials say has promised to assist the efforts.
 
And that’s In The News from VOA Learning English.
 
I’m Christopher Cruise.

本文来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2014-09-13


这里是美国之音慢速英语时事新闻。

美国称武装组织“伊斯兰国”武装分子人数至少是早前估计的两倍。美国中央情报局称该组织目前在伊拉克和叙利亚的武装分子有2万至3.15万,而此前估计是一万。本周中央情报一位局官员报告称最新数据是基于自6月更多人加入该武装组织。他指出该武装势力在作战中的胜利并成立“伊斯兰国”。

最新情报发布晚于奥巴马总统宣布抗击该组织计划一天。奥巴马总统称将扩大美国对武装分子的打击,包括空袭叙利亚。他表示政府将建立国际联盟抗击伊斯兰国势力。他还称美国军队不会返回伊拉克作战。

总统在周三晚上向全国人民发表讲话时宣布了该计划,一些观察人士称奥巴马的计划代表美军长期参战的开始。奥巴马最近由于宣称没有应对激进分子的战略而饱受批评。

数周以来,美国飞机一直在空袭由伊斯兰国(简称ISIL)势力控制的伊拉克领地。总统周三宣布空袭将扩展到叙利亚武装分子据点。

“不论恐怖分子在哪里,我们坚决抗击威胁国家的恐怖分子,这意味着我将毫不犹豫地对叙利亚和伊拉克的伊斯兰国采取行动,这是我总统任期内的核心原则,如果威胁到美国,你将无藏身之处。”

总统并未表明何时停止空袭,一些美国官员称也许会持续多年。

总统还宣布计划派遣475名武装分子前往伊拉克,他们将加入千余名已经在伊拉克担当顾问的人士。

总统称美国政府旨在瓦解并最终摧毁武装组织。近日,伊斯兰国武装分子处决了两名美国记者,美国人被处决画面所震撼。

这周的意见调查显示多数美国人支持对武装分子采取行动。总统讲话后,两大主要党派表达了支持军事打击伊斯兰国势力。Mitch McConnell是美国参议院高级共和党员。

“我很欣慰总统先生对抗击伊斯兰国有了新的关注,他需要担起这份责任,”既然我们将此视为多年承诺并考虑如何打败伊斯兰国, 本届国会,下届国会及政府都须认真对待。

但是共和党和民族党对打击武装分子需要采取的行动尚未达成一致。众议院发言人John Boehner称包括美国战斗机的空袭还不够。

“F-16并非战略,仅凭空袭无法完成我们努力实现的成果,总统明确表态希望投入美国地面部队,但是总有哪个国家的地面部队投入。”

Barbara Boxer议员是加州民族党人士,她支持奥巴马号召建立国际联盟抗击伊斯兰国。

“提防那些曾是伊拉克战争的拥护者,他们希望总统向当地派遣部队,这是错误的,我们已从四千名牺牲的美国兵上得到教训。”

奥巴马总统正在寻求国会批准,为叙利亚反对派战士提供训练和补给,他希望反对派战士能够打击叙利亚的伊斯兰国势力。训练将选在沙特阿拉伯,美国官员称沙特已经承诺给予协助。

以上就是这一期的美国慢速英语时事新闻。我是Christopher Cruise.



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