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VOA慢速[时事新闻]乌克兰东部停火协议于星期六生效

2015-03-27    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.

A ceasefire is to take effect Saturday in eastern Ukraine. The ceasefire agreement came this week after all-night talks involving the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France and Germany. Yet the leaders admit many details are yet to be worked out. Diplomats add that the agreement left many disputes unresolved.                         

About 20 people were killed in fierce fighting in the days leading up to the talks in Belarus. The leaders agreed on a truce between the Ukrainian military and pro-Russian separatist forces in eastern Ukraine. During the next two weeks, the opposing sides are to exchange prisoners and withdraw heavy weapons from the battlefield.

Russia supports the rebels. Russian President Vladimir Putin says the agreement requires them to withdraw to the former ceasefire line. He says Ukrainian forces are to withdraw from the current line, creating a wide, neutral area.

Mr. Putin spoke to reporters Thursday morning, after the all-night negotiations.

In his words, “It was not the best night of my life, but it has been a good morning because we have managed to reach a major agreement.”              
He said the agreement includes a Ukrainian promise to provide constitutional guarantees of what he called “the rights of the people” in two areas: Donetsk and Luhansk. The rebels have claimed both cities.

Ukraine’s new government has offered substantial self-rule for the two regions. But President Petro Poroshenko said the government will not go as far as Russia and the rebels want.

The leaders of Germany and France launched this latest effort to end the conflict in Ukraine’s east. They did so in an effort to stop the offensive by the rebels and avoid the possibility of United States arms sales to Ukraine.

French President Francois Hollande said there is agreement on a political settlement of the nearly one-year-old Ukraine crisis. But he said all the details have yet to be negotiated.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel sounded less hopeful. She said the ceasefire agreement gives hope for a solution, but leaves a lot of work to do. She described the agreement as better than none at all.

Reports say the talks nearly broke down when rebel leaders refused to give up gains their forces had made in recent weeks. But Mr. Hollande said President Putin pressed the separatist leaders to agree.

At least 5,300 people have been killed in the Ukrainian conflict. On Friday, Ukraine’s military reported that 11 soldiers were killed in eastern Ukraine over the past 24 hours.

Yaroslav Voitko is with the International Center for Policy Studies in Kyiv. He says Ukraine is not willing to give the rebels any more territory than they have already captured. The land is said to represent only about a third of what they want.

“It’s not about another kilometer of territory. It’s the matter of principle. We will not agree to any further captures of our territories, but some compromise can be reached in the meantime on the ceasefire and stopping hostilities.”

I’m Christopher Cruise.

本文来源于普特论坛[report整理] SENEWS-2015-02-14


乌克兰东部停火协议于星期六生效。这项停火协议是由乌克兰,俄国,法国和德国的领导人彻夜谈判,本周出台的。然而领导人们承认许多细节还有待商讨。外交官补充说到,这项协议留下了许多尚未解决的争端。

大约有20人在白俄罗斯会谈钱数日的激烈战争中丧命。领导人同意乌克兰军方和亲俄罗斯分裂势力之间在乌克兰东部地区休战。在接下来的两周,对立双方将交换俘虏并且从战场上撤下重型武器。

俄国支持叛军。俄国总统普京表示,该项协议要求他们撤回以前的停火线。他说,乌克兰军队将从前线撤出,创造一个宽广中立的地区。

普京在经历了彻夜会谈之后,于周四早上对记者发表讲话。

用他的话来说“这不是我生命中最好的晚上,但是是一个美好的早晨,因为我们已经达成了重要协议。”

他表示协议包括,乌克兰承诺提供他们所说的两个地区:顿涅茨克和卢干斯克人民权益提供宪法保障。反动派已经要求承认这两个城市的合法权益。

乌克兰新政府已经给两个地区提供实质性的自治。但是总统Petro Poroshenko表示,政府不会完全听从俄罗斯和反叛军的意愿。

德国和法国的领导人发起了结束乌克兰东部危机的最新努力。他们这样做就是为了阻止叛军的进攻,以及避免美国对乌克兰出售武器。

法国总统Francois Hollande表示,已经将近一年之久的乌克兰危机有了解决的政治协议。但是他认为所有就细节还有待商榷。

德国总理Angela Merkel听上去让人觉得希望不大。她表示停火协议为解决方案带来了希望,但是也遗留下很多问题要做。她将这一协议描述为聊胜于无。

有报道称,在叛军领导拒绝放弃他们在最近几周里取得的利益时,谈判几乎破裂。但是Hollande先生说,普京总统施压给分裂主义领导人,迫使他们同意。
 
至少有5300个人在乌克兰冲突中三名。周五,乌克兰的军队报道,在过去24小时里,有11民士兵在乌克兰东部被打死。

Yaroslav Voitko是基辅国际政策研究中心。他表示乌克兰不愿意向叛军提供任何他们已经占领的土地。据报道称,这些土地仅占到他们想要的三分之一。

“这不是多一公里领土的问题,这是原则问题。我们不会同意进一步占领我们任何土地。但是在停火和停止进攻协议的同时可以达成一些妥协。”



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