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VOA慢速英语[时事新闻]世界反兴奋剂机构呼吁禁止俄罗斯参加里约奥运会

2016-07-22    来源:VOA    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

 The World Anti-Doping Agency also known as WADA, has called for banning Russian Athletes from the Rio de Janeiro Olympics. WADA called for the ban after confirming that the Russian government worked to cover up doping among its athletes.


Richard McLaren is a Canadian lawyer. He spent 57 days preparing the report for WADA. The reports says the Russian government helped the athletes cheat by hiding test results and change urine samples leading up to both the 2012 Olympics in London and the 2014 Sochi Olympic games.


Tomas Bach is the president of the International Olympics Committee, or IOC. He called Russia's actions a shocking and unprecedented attack on the integrity of sports and on the Olympics games. The IOC will meet on Tuesday to discuss a punishment for the Russian Olympic team. It says that it will study the report and not hesitate to take the toughest sanctions available against any individual or organization.


Russian president Vladimir Putin says officials named in the report will be suspended. The Associated Press news agency says sports minister Vitaly Mutko and his deputy are both name in the report.

 

McLaren says his report showed only a thin slice of the cheating within the Russian Olympic team. He found evidence beyond a reasonable doubt that the Russian government participate in a program designed to help its athletes use the performance-enhancing drugs without being caught. He called the program fail-safe. McLaren's report confirms allegations made by the former head of Anti-Doping agency in Russia.


Earlier this year Agrallri Rochi told the New York Times that 15 Russian Medal Winners from the Sochi Olympics alone were part of a Urine switching program. In that program athletes provided clean urine samples to government agents. Those agents then replaced tainted urine with clean urine after competitions.


In later 2015 the International Association of Athletics Federations banned Russia's track and field athletes from competition after a different WADA investigation. Travis Hada is the head of the US Anti-doping agency. In a statement on Monday Travis Hada called the McLaren’s report ”mind-blowing”. He said the International community should come together to ensure this unprecedented level of criminality never again threatens the sports we cherish.


世界反兴奋剂机构(简称WADA)日前呼吁禁止俄罗斯运动员参加2016里约奥运会。WADA称将在确认俄罗斯政府曾为其运动员隐瞒使用兴奋剂事实后对其进行全面禁赛。


加拿大律师理查德.麦克劳伦花了57天为世界反兴奋剂机构准备相关报告。该报告称俄罗斯政府曾通过隐瞒测试结果和篡改尿样来帮助其运动员在2012年伦敦奥运会和2014年索契冬奥会上作弊。


国际奥委会(简称IOC)主席托马斯.巴赫称俄罗斯政府此举是对体育以及奥林匹克运动精神的严重亵渎。国际奥委会将在周二开会研究该报告,并称将毫不犹豫的对涉事组织和个人实施最严厉的制裁。


俄罗斯总统弗拉米基尔.普京称将会对出现在世界反兴奋剂机构报告中的官员进行停职处理。而后据美联社透露俄罗斯体育部长维塔利.穆特科和副部长均出现在此次世界反兴奋剂报告中。


麦克劳伦在其报告中称此次披露的舞弊行为仅为俄罗斯体育代表团的一小部分。其称目前相关合理证据表明俄罗斯政府参与到帮助运动员使用兴奋剂而不被抓住的计划当中,而且该计划看起来万无一失。麦克劳伦的报告也证实了前俄罗斯反兴奋剂机构主席的断言。


今年早些时候他曾向纽约时报透露索契冬奥会上只有15名俄罗斯获奖运动员启动了尿液转换程序。在该程序中运动员提供干净尿样给政府机构,接着政府机构在比赛结束后用这些干净的尿样换掉了兴奋剂污染的尿样。


后来2015年在世界反兴奋剂机构调查事件之后国际田联就对俄罗斯田径运动员进行了禁赛。美国反兴奋剂机构主席声称麦克劳伦的报告令人兴奋和震惊。他称所有国际团体应该联合起来共同确保我们所珍视的体育运动永远不再被这样前所未有的罪行而威胁。



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