用户名: 密码: 验证码:    注册 | 忘记密码?
首页|听力资源|每日听力|网络电台|在线词典|听力论坛|下载频道|部落家园|在线背单词|双语阅读|在线听写|普特网校

VOA慢速英语[时事新闻] 美摄影师用镜头记录印第安家族50年生活变化

2017-04-21    来源:VOA    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

VOA慢速英语

2017-04-21

 

 Photographer Captured Changing Lives of His People

 
For more than 50 years, photographer Horace Poolaw captured the lives of members of his American Indian tribe.
 
Now, The National Museum of the American Indian is showing the American Indian photographer’s rare work.
 
The exhibit is called “For a Love of His People: The Photography of Horace Poolaw.” Poolaw’s photos show the cultural assimilation that was taking place in American Indian communities during his lifetime.
 
Poolaw was a member of the Kiowa tribe. He took pictures of American Indian subjects. He used pictures to form a history of his friends, family and events important to them.
 
Linda Poolaw is his daughter from his second marriage. One of the 80 photos in the exhibit, she said, is of her and her older brother, Robert coming home from school.
 
“He put cowboy hats on our heads and gave us pistols to hold,” Linda remembers. Whether the photo was meant to be ironic or not, Linda is not sure. All she knows is that she never much cared for it.
 
“No, it’s not because of the ‘cowboyness’ of it or the whiteness or racism or anything like that,” she said. “It’s just that Dad made us pose for him all the time. We had to be still. We had to wait for him to get the shot just right when all we wanted to do was go play.”
 
 
VOA慢速英语
 
From tipi to mainstream
 
Horace Poolaw was born in 1906 in Mountain View, Oklahoma. Until the late 19th Century, Oklahoma’s Indian Territory belonged to tribes native to the area or that had been sent there from other parts of the country.
 
Poolaw’s tribe is called the Kiowa Comanche. They lived with the Apache tribe on a reservation that covered 1.2 million hectares of land.
 
But 20 years later, a law known as the Dawes Act permitted Congress to divide the land. Individual Indians were given their own land. The rest was opened up to non-Native settlers.
 
Horace Poolaw lived with his parents in a traditional tipi early in life. His father, Kiowa George, was the son of a warrior. Poolaw’s mother was descended from a Mexican woman who had been captured during a Kiowa raid. They moved into a house that still remains with the family today.
 
Then, settlers from the east came to live in Mountain View. Photographer George W. Long moved there and became a mentor to Poolaw. He gave the young man his first camera.
 
His work
 
Poolaw’s photos captured images of Kiowa women wearing traditional American Indian clothes and Kiowas in cars with headdresses.
 
But he had very little money to make photographs.
 
“He developed his own pictures, even though there was no electricity or water in the house back in those days,” said his daughter Linda. “He had to send to Chicago for film and developing supplies.”
 
The high cost of photographic paper and film meant that Poolaw worked hard to get his pictures right on the first try. He developed only a small number of the photographs he took. And he took all of his photographs outdoors so he would not need lighting equipment.
 
“We were poor, dirt poor,” said Linda. “But we didn’t know it because everybody around us was poor too.”
 
Today, those postcards sell for as much as $50 on the internet.
 
Poolaw continued taking pictures until the 1970s when his eyesight began to fail. In 1979, the Southern Plains Indian Museum in Anadarko organized an exhibit of his photographs. It would be the only showing of his work during his lifetime.
 
In the late 1980s, Poolaw’s daughter Linda established a research program at Stanford University to archive and digitize her father’s work. When her father died in 1984, he left behind 2,000 photographic negatives.
 
Today, art historians and critics consider Poolaw’s work equal to many better-known photographers working in the western United States in the early 20th Century. His photographs are often described as documenting the change from traditional to mainstream ways of life for American Indians.
 
I’m Dorothy Gundy. And I'm Marsha James.
 
 

上半年的四六级考试又得开始准备了,你还在为过线感到苦恼吗?别担心,小编精心为大家准备了四六级新闻听力强化训练!!!

 

敲黑板!!!

 

这套训练有三大特色:

1.听力+口语+阅读+词汇,一网打尽

2.核心词汇 + 拓展词汇,直击考试

3.听力点拨 + 试题考核 + 边听边译,强化训练

 

预购从速,只需19块9!掌握英语,从听开始!(微信识别二维码即可购买)

 

VOA

 

或点击链接购买https://h5.youzan.com/v2/goods/36a6ghd5lvdw5



顶一下
(0)
0%
踩一下
(0)
0%
手机上普特 m.putclub.com 手机上普特
[责任编辑:michelle]
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 密码: 验证码:
  • 推荐文章
  • 资料下载
  • 讲座录音
普特英语手机网站
用手机浏览器输入m.putclub.com进入普特手机网站学习
查看更多手机学习APP>>